By connected to your laptop, Did you remove the drive form its enclosure?
EDIT.....beat to it by bookwormsy
That is the first thing to try, Sometimes the board that converts USB -> SATA is what fails. In those cases, as long as the drive was not encrypted, you can connect the drive to a desktop/laptop(internally or by E-SATA) and with some luck recover data.
I still do not see how a media player was burned out, 5 volts is all usb ports expect anyway.