Is hard drive sata or pata
( pata also called IDE or ATA )
Is USB tray both sata and ATA connectable?
Is this a 2.5" or 3.5" drive as 3.5" drive needs a psu
Most 2.5" drives can run off USB power from desktops
Can drive be heard running?
Have you looked in device manager for USB to ATA or USB to sata bridge ?
And hard disk?
Give some answers to see if more detailed answer possible