I know somethings in there won't work well (like my power supply) but I'll deal with that later unless you want to recommend a better Case and Power Supply right now (without using the $500 budget). Only those 2 other things I will be willing to maybe replace. Storage devices, OS, and the rest stay.
[EXTRA HELP IF POSSIBLE]: Aside from these parts, if you want to recommend me a BETTER RAM, I would appreciate it just as long as it's under $175 and a MINIMUM of 8GB, preferred if 12 or 16 GB's. (DO NOT USE $500 FROM THE BUDGET WHEN LOOKING FOR A RAM)