Sure you can, look up SATA pinout and find the 5.5v, 12v, and ground wires to wire into.
What are you doing that you need a male end for?
could also buy one of these http://www.miniinthebox.com/sata-15-pin-female-to-molex-4-pin-male-power-adapter_p187325.html
or the adapter you showed and a male to male molex plug to get the molex ends you want.
If you're not good with soldering and able to solder to pins that small, go the adapter route. lol.