Thermal Compound - Is it really necessary, and how often to replenish?

I am looking at these two CPU Coolers, the Noctua NH-U14S 140x150x25 ( NF-A15 PWM) SSO2-Bearing ( Self-stabilising oil-presure bearing ) CPU Cooler and the ZALMAN CNPS9900ALED 120mm 2 Ball Low-noise Blue LED CPU Cooler.

They both get great ratings but the Zalman has received more ratings. They both require Thermal Compound. Since I'm sure I would enjoy replacing thermal compound even more than I enjoy replacing batteries, I wondered: How often does this need replacing? What happens if you don't use thermal compound or you forget to replenish - would the cooler lose most of its effectiveness, or just some of it? Thanks.
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  1. Best answer
    Yes, thermal compound is necessary. Attempting to touch two pieces of bare metal together leaves a lot of microscopic air gaps which reduces the heat transfer potential from the CPU to the heat sink. Thermal compound improves it significantly. Think hot water vs hot air. You can stick your hand in front of a space heater that is putting out 130F air but you can't put your hand in 130F water without getting burned.

    No, you don't have to replace the thermal compound very often. I would suggest replacing it every two years, but only if you're noticing high temperatures. The effectiveness shouldn't degrade much just because the thermal paste is old.
  2. i just replace it when i remove the cooler (for whatever reason).
    just remember to apply only a very thin film, more-is-better does not apply but is actually a bad move.
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