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Change Windows Server 2012 Default Location for DHCP Database and Its Backup

This Tutorial addresses:
By default the DHCP server database is located in the C:\Windows\system32\dhcp folder, and its backup is located in the C:\Windows\system32\dhcp\backup folder. Under normal circumstances, you, as a DHCP administrator, are not required to modify the locations for these default folders.

However in some instances, you might want to configure the DHCP server otherwise and change the default locations for the DHCP database and its backup in order to prevent the important information from accidental loss or unwanted or unintentional deletion.

While changing the default locations, it is important that you set the location to any drive other than C:\ in order to reduce the risks of the data loss. Even if you do not plan to change the default database location of the DHCP server, you should at least change the default location for the database backup so that you can easily restore the information if the original DHCP database is lost or gets corrupted.

Here’s how you can change the default location for DHCP database and its backup:

  1. Log on to the Windows Server 2012 DHCP server with the appropriate account credentials.

  2. If not already started, initialize the Server Manager window from the bottom left corner of the screen.

  3. On the opened Server Manager window, from the left pane, click to select the DHCP category.

  4. From the right pane, under the SERVERS section, right-click the DHCP server from the displayed list.

  5. From the context menu that appears, click the DHCP Manager option.



  6. On the opened DHCP snap-in, from the left pane, click to select and then right-click the server name. (DC-01.MYDOMAIN.COM for this demonstration.).

  7. From the context menu that appears, go to the Properties option.



  8. On the opened server properties box, click the Browse button that represents the Database path field.

  9. On the displayed information box, click OK to provide your consent.

  10. On the opened Browse For Folder box, locate and click to select the target location where you want to save the DHCP database.

  11. Click OK to confirm the selection.

  12. Back on the server properties box, click the Browse button representing the Backup path field.



  13. From the displayed Browse For Folder field, locate and click to select the target location where you want to save the backup of the DHCP database.



  14. Click OK to confirm the selection.

  15. Back on the server properties box, click OK to save the changes that you have made.

  16. Back on the DHCP snap-in, click to select and then right-click the server name again.

  17. From the context menu, this time go to All Tasks and click Restart.



  18. Wait till the DHCP services restart before you start using the DHCP server using the modified settings.

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