Reinstalling Windows 2000 over existing Windows 2000

Archived from groups: microsoft.public.win2000.setup (More info?)

I have a system that will not boot due to missing files.
I want to reinstall the OS with out lossing user account
information. Any way to do this? Thanks!
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More about reinstalling windows 2000 existing windows 2000
  1. Archived from groups: microsoft.public.win2000.setup (More info?)

    Hi,

    If your windows 2000 server does not start properly, you can resolve it by
    starting in recovery console mode and repairing the operating system.

    You can recovery console to repair windows 2000 by following the
    instructions in the article given below:

    1)Repairing windows 2000 using recovery console:
    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;301645&Product=win20
    00

    2)How to install and use recovery console in windows 2000:

    http://support.microsoft.com/default.aspx?scid=kb;en-us;318752&Product=win20
    00

    or

    How To Use Recovery Console on a Computer That Does Not Start in Windows
    2000

    SUMMARY

    Run the Recovery Console on a Computer that Does Not Start
    How to Remove the Recovery Console
    Precautionary Measures

    How to Install the Recovery Console as a Startup Console
    How to Create an Emergency Repair Disk
    SUMMARY
    This step-by-step article describes how to recover a Microsoft Windows 2000
    Server-based computer that does not start.

    back to the top
    Run the Recovery Console on a Computer that Does Not Start
    NOTE: You must be logged on as an administrator or a member of the
    Administrators group to complete the following procedure. Also, if your
    computer is connected to a network, network policy settings may prevent you
    from completing this procedure.

    To run the Recovery Console on a computer that does not start:
    Insert the Windows 2000 Server Setup Disk 1 floppy disk into your disk
    drive, or, if you have a bootable CD-ROM drive, you can instead insert the
    Windows 2000 Server CD-ROM into your CD-ROM drive.
    Restart your computer.
    Follow the directions that are displayed on the screen. If you are using
    the Setup disks, you are prompted to insert the other Setup disks into the
    disk drive. It may take several minutes to load files. Select the
    appropriate options to repair your Windows 2000 installation and to start
    the Recovery Console.
    Once in the Recover Console, type HELP, and then press ENTER to see a list
    of commands.

    NOTE: As an alternative, you can install the Recovery Console on your
    computer so it is always available. See the "Precautionary Measures"
    section of this article for information about how to install the Recovery
    Console on a working computer.
    back to the top
    How to Remove the Recovery Console
    As a precaution, you should not normally remove the Recovery Console.
    However, if you want to remove the Recovery Console, you must do so
    manually.

    To remove the Recovery Console:
    Restart your computer, double-click My Computer, and then double-click the
    hard disk on which you installed the Recovery Console. On the Tools menu,
    click Folder Options, and then click the View tab.
    If needed, click Show hidden files and folders, click to clear the Hide
    protected operating system files check box, and then click OK.
    Delete the Cmdcons folder from the root folder, and then delete the Cmldr
    file.
    In the root folder, right-click the Boot.ini file, and then click
    Properties. Click to clear the Read-only check box, and then click OK.
    NOTE: If you incorrectly modify the Boot.ini file, your computer may not
    start correctly. Because of this, only delete the entry for the Recovery
    Console from the Boot.ini file.

    Use a text editor (such as Notepad) to open the Boot.ini file, and then
    remove the entry for the Recovery Console. The entry should look similar to
    this entry:
    C:\cmdcons\bootsect.dat="Microsoft Windows 2000 Recovery Console" /cmdcons

    Save the file and close it.

    NOTE: You should now change the attribute for the Boot.ini file back to
    read-only.
    back to the top
    Precautionary Measures
    How to Install the Recovery Console as a Startup Console
    It may be useful to install the Recovery Console on a computer that is
    functioning properly so that it is available for use after a system
    failure. This precautionary measure can save time should you have to use
    the Recovery Console.

    NOTE: You must be logged on as an administrator or a member of the
    Administrators group to complete the following procedure. Also, if your
    computer is connected to a network, network policy settings may prevent you
    from completing this procedure.

    To install the Recovery Console as a startup option:
    While Windows is running, insert the Windows 2000 Professional CD-ROM into
    your CD-ROM drive.
    When you are prompted to upgrade to Windows 2000, click No.
    At the command prompt, switch to your CD-ROM drive, type \i386\winnt32.exe
    /cmdcons, and then press ENTER.
    Follow the instructions on the screen. To use the Windows 2000 Recovery
    Console, restart your computer, and then select Windows 2000 Recovery
    console from the Startup menu.
    back to the top
    How to Create an Emergency Repair Disk
    You can also use a Windows 2000 Emergency Repair Disk (ERD) to fix problems
    that prevent your computer from starting. It may be useful to prepare an
    ERD when your computer is functioning well, so you can be prepared to use
    it if you need to repair system files. To start a computer that needs
    repair, use the Windows 2000 Setup CD-ROM or floppy disks you created from
    the CD-ROM and choose the Repair method to utilize the ERD. The repairs
    that are possible with this method are limited to basic system files, the
    partition boot sector, and the startup environment. The repair process does
    not recover the registry.

    NOTE: The ERD does not back up data or programs, and is not a replacement
    for regularly backing up your computer. To replace registry files, use the
    Recovery Console.

    Note that the repair process relies on information that is saved in the
    SystemRoot\Repair folder. You must not change or delete this folder. If you
    also back up the registry to the Repair folder, you can save your current
    registry files in a folder within your SystemRoot\Repair folder. This is
    useful if you must recover your system in the event that your hard disk
    fails.

    To create an ERD:
    Click Start, point to Programs, point to Accessories, point to System
    Tools, and then click Backup.
    On the Tools menu, click Create an Emergency Repair Disk.
    Follow the instructions that appear on your screen.

    Hope the above information helps you.

    S.Vijay

    This posting is provided "AS IS" with no warranties, and confers no rights
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