Personally, I like the D-Link DWA-552. It has wireless N support, and currently, my pings are in the twenties, and I have 300 mb\s running the D-Link DIR-655. If you upgrade your router too, wait for the dual band unit to come out.
Yes the card should work with your router, you can mix and match. Personally I dont like linksys though, I have set up several networks, and my favorites have been by far the D-links