Your other thread is unclear as to whether BIOS can see the disk or not at this stage. What are the AHCI settings in there? If the disk is present but Windows can't mount it, most Linux OS might well be able to.
Total failure of a drive, with no SMART errors or other indications, is quite rare. Much more likely is simply a misseated or bad cable. Make sure that the data cable is firmly in place at each end and also check the data cable. Next, listen to the drive to see if it is spinning.