The previous post statment "buy the OS is better 'cause you can install in more that one pc at the same time. " is incorrect.
You can only install it on one computer at a time to install it on another computer, you must first remove it from the other. To install on multiple computer requires a volume licence.
OEM is not transferrable from one computer to another, so if you change the m/board and cpu it is deemed to be a new computer by Microsoft.
The retail version does allow you to change the m/board and cpu and keep using the software or use it on a new computer, as long as it is removed from the original one.