I looked through the article you linked. However I think, again, I've failed to make my problem clear. Nothing in (Control Panel > Network and Sharing Center [NSC]) is right click-able. In the article they refer to right clicking on the on network connection its self under (Control Panel > Network Connections). This would allow me to trouble shoot issues locally (on this machine) if my network adapter wasn't connecting properly to the router and/or the internet.
This however is not my problem. I can connect to the internet correctly. My router uses DHCP and correctly assigns my computer with an IP address (I can even ping it from other computers on the network). Rather the problem is somewhere in vista and it's "workgroup/lan" configuration. Vista simply refuses to believe that this computer is connected to anything. Vista sees this computer as completely stand alone, no connections what-so-ever, as if I had unplugged the Cat5 cable.