From what I have learned about amd and their cpus is that they each have their own individual clocks the three being the cpu speed, hyper transport, and memory speed all of which revolve around one core clock. My past experiences have revolved around intel p35 and p45 and it was much easier to grasp than with amd. What I learned about intel systems was that it was more efficient to have a fsb ram frequency of 1:1, which raises my first question.
1. Do amd systems benefit from running 1:1, or is it better to have a higher memory multiplier? I'm assuming it's better to have a higher multi since most phenom IIs have a core clock of 200mhz, but I would like some clarification.
2. This question relates to the first one somewhat. Say you're trying to run ddr2-1000. To reach this speed should you have a higher core clock and lower memory multi or a lower core clock and higher memory multi?
3. Does overclocking hyper transport do anything beneficial?
So one thing that struck me from these articles is that they both talk about is north bridge overclocking. I'm a little bit confused on this. When they refer to the northbridge clock is it in reference to the frequency of the CPU memory controller and L3 cache or the hyper transport clock?
Since the memory controller is on the CPU die that is the northbridge they are generally talking about (not the one on the motherboard). For older Athlon AM2 CPUs the memory clock is determined by the CPU speed divided by some divider. For an Athlon 5000 with a speed of 2600 MHz, the divider for DDR2 800 was 7 so 2600 divided by 7 results in about 371 MHz (DDR 742MHz), which is a little short of 400MHz (DDR 800). It wasn't until the Phenom that AMD chips decided the memory speed based on the core clock (referred to in the BIOS often as the FSB even though it's not an FSB) and some multiplier.
You haven't specified WHY you wish to overclock your CPU.
If it's for games, you should run the Task Manager in the background (CTRL-ALT-DEL) and monitor your CPU to see if it's reaching 100%. If not you are limited by graphics.
This test was easy for single core, but it's slightly more complicated for multi-core. Basically if NO core/thread reaches 100% then you have no reason to overclock your CPU. If one does, it's not certain as it depends on whether the others pick up the slack (how the game is programmed).
I don't recommend overclocking unless you know you have a reason. I overclock my X2-4800+ by 20%.
I first drop down the RAM timings to 166MHz (333MHz dual). I then bring up the CPU timings. If I don't drop the RAM first then my RAM becomes unstable. I'm not being very specific here.
There's lots of info on the net. It depends on the CPU as the architecture keeps changing.
You should just look up your CPU specifically, but again don't do it without a reason.