1) Most modern motherboards will happily read the drivers from a USB thumb drive.
1.5) If frequent power surges are destroying parts, invest in enough protection (surge suppressor, line-interactive UPS, whatever) to protect your equipment before you lose a hard drive with all your data.
2) Now, for the meaty part. What are you doing, and how long has this machine been running of a PATA drive? The reason that I ask is that the answers are different if you are
a) Adding a new drive for storage to a machine that is already running the OS off of the PATA drive.
b) Re-installing Windows to replace the PATA system disk with an SATA system disk.
c) Installing Windows for the first time.
For case a), if the drive is brand-new it may be already seen in the BIOS and only need to be partitioned and formatted. I posted a guide about this last week in Storage - General.
Also, even if drivers are needed (I'll go look at the mobo specs and edit this post), in case A) the drivers can be installed while Windows is running from the existing system drive. You only need F6 drivers if you are installing to the SATA drive and drivers are actually needed.
That link just takes me to their main page. I'll return with an edit once I can see if the drivers are really needed. In the meantime, take a look in the BIOS and see if the drive is seen.
The specs say that the SATA controller is integrated into the chipset. Usually, this means that no drivers are needed. Did a CD come with the motherboard? If it did, any needed drivers should be on the CD.
Power surges only destroyed the floppy, nothing else. I mean, I have replaced GPU and RAM, but only cause I wanted better hardware than GF4.
I am now reading some guides on how to integrate drivers for SATA into WinXP installation, but if I have WinXP already, can I just create a bootable disk with only drivers on that disk (just like in case of memtest86)
If you already have a running WinXP, and want to install drivers into that instance of WinXP, you don't need a floppy or thumb drive. You can install the drivers while XP is running.
The only time you need drivers on removable media is while you are installing the OS (or special cases like diagnostics). When the OS is installing, the point is that you need to install the drivers _before_ the OS can be installed. Once you have a running OS, you install the drivers inside the OS.
I would still check the BIOS and Disk Manager for the presence of the drive before mucking around with drivers. Also, open Device Manager and see if the drive shows up under Disks or as a yellow exclamation point.