I have a 510, and windows-7 installed normally.
All the necessary drivers are included, nothing special is required.
Here are a couple of possibilities:
1) Is the firmware on the 510 up to date?
Intel has a utility called SSD toolbox which should let you check things out.
2) Since the 510 worked on another system, perhaps your motherboard needs a bios update.
If you are doing a clean install, set the sata mode to AHCI, not IDE or raid if you want windows to pass through the trim command.
If all else fails, contact Intel support; they are the real experts.