The driver is missing.
This is a really common problem caused by updating: it corrupts the drivers.
The problem has been reported hundreds of times in this forum.
You can run "repair" of XP and the driver will be reinstalled...
BUT there is NO stand alone driver.
OR use system restore to turn the drive back to the time before the corruption occurred.
After that you must turn automatic updates OFF. Why is this? Simple...
OR the same update will be installed, and corrupt the driver AGAIN.
Yes that is correct, you might want to load "critical" updates from the manufacturer website, not automatically...but ONE at a time, until you spot the update that corrupts the system.
Sometimes the manufacturer will provide a list of incompatible updates...
you might want to check on that.
Another idea is to update the bios, so that the computer will tolerate the updates. I DO NOT recommend you try this. It may crash the whole thing into the dirt.
Not ALL computers have this problem BUT some DO. One or more of the automatic updates corrupts the drivers.
Especially on OLDER computers...
The directions to "repair" XP are posted at the top of this forum. This does not erase your personal files, but it DOES reload the missing drivers, and it DOES make the CD DVD drive work again.