APPROXIMATE PURCHASE DATE: Within the next month or so BUDGET RANGE:$300 - 400 ~$600
SYSTEM USAGE FROM MOST TO LEAST IMPORTANT: Routine wireless backups, video storage for HTPC, sharing files between roommates
PARTS NOT REQUIRED: Monitor, graphics card, keyboard, mouse
PREFERRED WEBSITE(S) FOR PARTS: Newegg COUNTRY OF ORIGIN: United States
PARTS PREFERENCES: I usually prefer WD for hard drives, but anything else is fine with me.
OVERCLOCKING: No SLI OR CROSSFIRE: N/A MONITOR RESOLUTION: N/A
ADDITIONAL COMMENTS: So, I'm in need of a wireless NAS, with probably two drives in RAID1 to start out with. In a best case scenario, the system would be expandable to 4 or 6 drives (in RAID1) in the future as the first drive gets filled up. Low power draw is the most important thing here. I've been looking at the Atom platform for its low TDP, but read somewhere that its controller can only support 2 SATA drives max, which may or may not be true. I've also been looking at
AMD Sempron 140 Sargas 2.7GHz Socket AM3 45W Single-Core Processor Model SDX140HBGQBOX - Retail
Item #: N82E16819103698
Return Policy: CPU Replacement Only Return Policy
$400 including 2 1TB drives for a server isn't enough. Especially for energy efficiency which costs more money than regular. If that doesn't include storage, then it's ok. You can use Ubuntu server for OS, but I strongly suggest you get a small drive for OS so that your server software won't slow down while you're file-sharing. I learned my lesson. 80GB-160GB is more than enough. I think the full install takes up ~5GB, depending on the features.
This server won't use more than 100W under load. I'm guessing it's 60W-ish tops and 30W-ish idle. You could disable onboard audio & video and some other unneeded features like IEEE. However, I suggest you leave video on at all times in case you screw up (get locked out) the server, you could log in /boot up rescue with a monitor/tv.
Oh, you don't need a DVD drive which is a waste of electricity & money. You can use USB stick to boot up Ubuntu.
Basically, you boot up the desktop CD on a main rig, create a USB boot drive and boot this up on the server. You only need a monitor & keyboard. Unplug or power off monitor after install. Leave keyboard plugged in.
Another thing is RAID. The mobo RAID is software. It's not as reliable as hardware RAID cards. However, you can use Linux RAID instead of onboard. Just disable onboard RAID in BIOS. If you're doing RAID, it's best to start with as many drives as you plan to have right off the bat. It's a LOT easier to do this at the beginning than in the middle.
You can go with 2GB RAM, but it costs more the half the price of 4 gigs. The sys req:
128Mb of RAM is the minimum for starting the 'full' release. Using advanced features like software RAID 5 or ZFS and enabling lots of functions may need more RAM (512Mb or more).
192Mb of RAM is the minimum required for upgrading the 'embedded' release. Using advanced features like software RAID 5 or ZFS and enabling lots of functions may need more RAM (512Mb or more).
Using advanced features like software RAID 5 and enabling lots of functions may need more RAM (512Mb or more).
For using ZFS, we recommend a minimum of 1 GB RAM and using the FreeNAS release for 64bit processor
Or you can pick up 1 GB RAM and remove the small HDD and try to squeeze in 4 drives for RAID 5 which is the best of both 0 & 1.
Forgot to say the Green drives are fine with servers. It's the low 5400RPM that is not optimal. 7200RPM is the one I use for home servers.