1. Anyone know where it's located or where I can get some documentation like what type of drive it is, etc...?
2. Anyone know where I get some device to get the data off the harddrive.
1) The owner's manual, the IBM website, or showing it to an experienced hardware person. Just a sec; I'm going to look on the IBM (or Lenovo) website... EDIT: Here's a movie on how to do it: http://support.lenovo.com/en_US/product-and-parts/detail.page?DocID=PD011029
2) Just attach it to any other computer! I will usually put the drive into my tower system in a case like this. The major question is whether it's an IDE or SATA drive; they use different cables and different connectors.
Or you could buy an external dock, or a cheapo IDE-to-USB, or SATA-to-USB, dongle off NewEgg.