Ah, sorry now I see what you are asking.
Generally, AFAIK, drives are formatted and cylinders are numbered beginning at the outer edge of the platters, so the first written tracks (first drive letter partition written to the drive) would be on the outer portion of the platter.
This is how it was a while back, and I don't know if drive manufacturers have altered this with the multiple platters used now to improve performance.
I don't know how much performance difference it makes though since the angular velocity may increase towards the edge. Seems like most HDD transfer speed graphs do fall off, but those are really long sequential writes. Random reads and writes are much more dependent on the latency from head movement than angular velocity.