Shorting those 2 pins together is exactly what the pushbutton on the front panel does. The connection needs to be only about a second long, then remove the short to keep running.
If that does not get your machine started, the pushbutton may not be the problem. Reconnect its leads to the mobo pinout. Now try this. Unplug the power cord from the back of your machine, OR turn off the power switch beside it on the PSU body. Leave the power off like this for at least a couple of minutes, maybe even 5. Then reconnect power or turn on the switch, and try the front pushbutton press again. This complete power-off sequence (with time for the PSU's capacitors to discharge to zero output) sometimes will allow a mobo to do a true "cold reset" and it works again.