Go into BIOS on the laptop. Look to see if the BIOS can see the hard drive.
If not seen in BIOS then
1. Make sure the drive is physically secure. If its not shoved cirrectly on the pins then it won't be seen.
2. Reset the BIOS to default values. SAVE. Exit. IF the doesn't work step through the BIOS settings for your SATA ports (IDE or ACHI) until the drive is recognized.
3. If BIOS will not recognize correctly installed drive then look for a BIOS update and look for second PC to verify drive works.
IF BIOS detects the drive.
1.Download a boot diagnostic like Ultimate Boot CD. Make a USB version and boot it. Does it see the drive? YES, try windows again. NO, look on laptop makers site for drivers. It's very rare for lappy to need drivers to see disk, however you can follow the procedure for installing raid drivers during windows install to get them installed.