Start with the computer in the same room as the wireless router.Connect the computer to the router with an ethernet cable.
See the literature which came with your router for how to access the user setup screens in the router. Once in go to wireless security and review or renew the wireless security type and password. WPA PSK TKIP is the most common security type in use. Make a note of the SSID or change it to one of your invention.
Go to wireless mode and ensure that it's set to a protocol matching your computer's wireless adapter (mixed mode is a safe bet).
Disconnect ethernet cable.
Go to the computer's wireless networking setup screen and see if you can detect the router's SSID (wireless call sign). Select that network.
Apply the wireless security type and password to the computer's wireless networking setup screen.
Relocate computer to original position and check reception. If there are range or interference issues (say from neighbouring wifi on a nearby channel) experiment with different channels.