I started building my first PC today, but I haven't tested it yet as the memory hasn't arrived. I was wearing an anti static wristband, but once in a while it disconnected without me realizing, and I was handling the motherboard, graphics card, etc. As soon as I noticed it put the wrist band back on and continued (probably about 1 minute of not grounding), but I was standing on a carpeted floor, do you think I've done any damage to the components?
You should be fine. For the most part, you would have felt the static discharge. As long as you weren't scuffling around in shoes/socks on the carpet, you generated very litte to no static charge.
I build all the time on carpet (all I have in my room), and I just make sure to touch the grounded metal on my case every once in a while, not move often, and wear shorts so the fabric isn't rubbing on the carpet.