Those are, obviously, directly off the board. That makes me think you have a bad motherboard. Before all else, try resetting the BIOS to default*. See if the USB ports become active. Check in BIOS to see if they are 'enabled'. They should be at default.
* if you have no (USB) keyboard at bootup, this will be impossible to do. Do you have an old PS3 keyboard available to use instead of USB?