SATA II_2 should be OK. What's the board's model?
Now that the system booted is not necessary to reinstall. Updating the drivers should do the job.
If inserting a DVD in the DVD drive, does Windows Explorer see the files on it?
Then you can install Windows on the SSD. Connect it to one of the Intel SATA III ports.
Switch SATA to AHCI in BIOS.
Insert an Windows DVD and boot from it.
Download from the Asrock Download page the F6 Intel SATA driver and save it on a USB flash drive.
When asked where to install Windows, click load driver and point to the USB stick. Continue installing Windows.