What operating system are you using? Windows XP prior to service pack 3 will nto sue a SATA disk drive. If your IDE drive is plugged into an adapter that is plugged into a SATA port then your OS must support SATA.
Does the BIOS see the drive? Get into your BIOS. There is a panel to display what drives are located. See what the BIOS can find.
If the BIOS does not see the SATA drive then change the SATA port operating mode. Typically SATA ports can be set to 'legacy' or IDE mode or PATA mode vs. ACHI or RAID mode. Try all possible modes and see if the BIOS can see the drive in any of these modes.