Ok here's a little update, I just installed all my old parts onto my old CPU, motherboard, and RAM and it boots up fine.
Also if it helps here are the parts I'm working with.
Intel i5 3570k
DDR3 2000MHz 1GB (part of a 2GB kit a co-worker gave me, he's still looking for it's twin)
Parts from old build:
Blue ray optical drive
640GB Hard Drive
300 watt power supply (I know it's small, but I will be getting a new one Friday)
Also I recorded what the split second blue screen said. It says that a problem has been detected and windows has been shut down to prevent damage to your computer. The error code he gave me is:
*** STOP: 0x0000007B (0xFFFFF880009A97E8, 0xFFFFFFFFC0000034, 0x0000000000000000, 0x0000000000000000)
I'm not 100% on the last two, part of it got cut off during the recording.