# Optical Zoom vs Megapixels

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Hi all,

I currently have an Olympus C-2100 Ultra Zoom (10X optical), but it
only has 2 megapixels. I'm in the market for a new camera, but I was
wondering if anyone knew of a calculation that I can compare optical
zoom & megapixels (understanding that digital zoom is worthless for my
purposes) when they are apples and oranges.

For example: When both are at max zoom*, is a 4 megapixel 1x zoom the
same as a 1 megapixel 2x zoom because of the inverse square law of
physics? I mean, if I zoom* in on a tree in the far distance so it
takes up less than 1/10th of the screen, will the resulting number of
pixels for each tree image be the same for the 1x 4MP and the 2x 1MP?

If that's true, then I'd need a 8 megapixel, 5X optical zoom camera to
replace my Olympus when using max zoom. I understand that the larger
megapixel will completely win out all other times.

* = Yes, yes, I know a 1x zoom can't zoom. I tried to keep the math
simple.
Anonymous

Just to start, I'm assuming in my answers that you are *NOT* talking
about digital "zoom" which is cropping in camera.

Johnny wrote:

> For example: When both are at max zoom*, is a 4 megapixel 1x zoom the
> same as a 1 megapixel 2x zoom because of the inverse square law of
> physics?

No. Does film lose 3/4 of it's emulsion suddenly because you zoom?

>I mean, if I zoom* in on a tree in the far distance so it
> takes up less than 1/10th of the screen, will the resulting number of
> pixels for each tree image be the same for the 1x 4MP and the 2x 1MP?

No again.

> If that's true, then I'd need a 8 megapixel, 5X optical zoom camera to
> replace my Olympus when using max zoom. I understand that the larger
> megapixel will completely win out all other times.

Photons are much smaller than anything a current chip fab can make to
capture them at the pixel level. For each pixel sensor on the CCD or
CMOS chip, i'd wager there are hundred of photons hitting it. Altering
the path of the light doesn't change that fact. When we get to
terapixel camera's on 24x35mm sensor, one might have to worry about
what you are speaking of.

Get an 8mp, Sony just announced 10mp camera, you'll be outdated in a
year if you go lower at this point. :0) Just kidding. A 5mp 10-12x zoom
should keep you happy for years to come. And you'll finally be able to
print 8x10's
Anonymous

"Johnny" <colino_spam@yahoo.com> wrote in message
> Hi all,
>
> I currently have an Olympus C-2100 Ultra Zoom (10X optical), but it
> only has 2 megapixels. I'm in the market for a new camera, but I was
> wondering if anyone knew of a calculation that I can compare optical
> zoom & megapixels (understanding that digital zoom is worthless for my
> purposes) when they are apples and oranges.
>
> For example: When both are at max zoom*, is a 4 megapixel 1x zoom the
> same as a 1 megapixel 2x zoom because of the inverse square law of
> physics? I mean, if I zoom* in on a tree in the far distance so it
> takes up less than 1/10th of the screen, will the resulting number of
> pixels for each tree image be the same for the 1x 4MP and the 2x 1MP?

That depends on the focal lengths used, not just the zoom ratio. For
example, my Nikon 8400 has a 24-85mm zoom and my Canon S60 has a 28-100mm
zoom (35mm equivalencies, of course). The zoom ratio is almost identical for
both, a bit over 3.5x, but the two cameras produce different degrees of
magnification at either end of the zoom range. Another camera might have,
say, a range of 38-135mm and that would still be about the same zoom ratio
but with still different results in terms of image magnification (or pixels
for any given subject and distance, if you want to put it that way).

I'm not sure I understand the premise behind your question, but I suspect
you are making some sort of invalid assumption.

>
> If that's true, then I'd need a 8 megapixel, 5X optical zoom camera to
> replace my Olympus when using max zoom. I understand that the larger
> megapixel will completely win out all other times.

Not necessarily. All pixels are not created equal. Many 8-megapixel cameras
have different sizes of sensor, and the general rule is that the larger
sensor produces the better (lower noise) image for any given megapixel size.

>
>
> * = Yes, yes, I know a 1x zoom can't zoom. I tried to keep the math
> simple.

Why not just say FFL (fixed focal length) instead of "1x zoom," since the

N.
Related resources

Johnny wrote:

>Hi all,
>
>I currently have an Olympus C-2100 Ultra Zoom (10X optical), but it
>only has 2 megapixels. I'm in the market for a new camera, but I was
>wondering if anyone knew of a calculation that I can compare optical
>zoom & megapixels (understanding that digital zoom is worthless for my
>purposes) when they are apples and oranges.
>
>For example: When both are at max zoom*, is a 4 megapixel 1x zoom the
>same as a 1 megapixel 2x zoom because of the inverse square law of
>physics? I mean, if I zoom* in on a tree in the far distance so it
>takes up less than 1/10th of the screen, will the resulting number of
>pixels for each tree image be the same for the 1x 4MP and the 2x 1MP?
>
>If that's true, then I'd need a 8 megapixel, 5X optical zoom camera to
>replace my Olympus when using max zoom. I understand that the larger
>megapixel will completely win out all other times.
>

You are thinking correctly, mostly. You just need to realize that it's
the focal length, not the X factor. Your 2100 is 38 to 380 (35 mm
equivalent), as I recall. So you'd need an 8 megapixel camera with a
tele focal length of 190 mm. You might get that in a 38-190 5x lens,
or a 27-190 7X lens, etc.

Terry
Anonymous

"Johnny" <colino_spam@yahoo.com> wrote:

> Hi all,
>
> I currently have an Olympus C-2100 Ultra Zoom (10X optical), but it
> only has 2 megapixels. I'm in the market for a new camera, but I was
> wondering if anyone knew of a calculation that I can compare optical
> zoom & megapixels (understanding that digital zoom is worthless for my
> purposes) when they are apples and oranges.
>
> For example: When both are at max zoom*, is a 4 megapixel 1x zoom the
> same as a 1 megapixel 2x zoom because of the inverse square law of
> physics? I mean, if I zoom* in on a tree in the far distance so it
> takes up less than 1/10th of the screen, will the resulting number of
> pixels for each tree image be the same for the 1x 4MP and the 2x 1MP?
>
> If that's true, then I'd need a 8 megapixel, 5X optical zoom camera to
> replace my Olympus when using max zoom. I understand that the larger
> megapixel will completely win out all other times.
>
>
> * = Yes, yes, I know a 1x zoom can't zoom. I tried to keep the math
> simple.

Well, the 2100's zoom is 38-380 (35mm equiv) meaning it's around 0.75x -
7.5x. The Panasonic FZ5 is 5 megapixels with a 36-432mm zoom (0.75x -
almost 9x).

Now, whether the Panasonic has a better lens than the Olympus is
anyone's guess or that the body is harder wearing. Is image
stabilization worthwhile?

Try http://www.dpreview.com/ and see what elements of camera design are
important to you and make a short list - you'll find some discrimination
working here on this newsgroup - you find some people swearing by a
certain camera and some people swearing at the same camera.
Then there are the REAL camera people paying top dollar for huge chunks
of hardware to hang around their necks but not actually doing much
else...
Anonymous

Stewy wrote:
[]
> Now, whether the Panasonic has a better lens than the Olympus is
> anyone's guess or that the body is harder wearing. Is image
> stabilization worthwhile?

Absolutely!

David

On 8 Sep 2005 15:50:03 -0700, "Johnny" <colino_spam@yahoo.com> wrote:

>Hi all,
>
>I currently have an Olympus C-2100 Ultra Zoom (10X optical), but it
>only has 2 megapixels. I'm in the market for a new camera, but I was
>wondering if anyone knew of a calculation that I can compare optical
>zoom & megapixels (understanding that digital zoom is worthless for my
>purposes) when they are apples and oranges.
>
>For example: When both are at max zoom*, is a 4 megapixel 1x zoom the
>same as a 1 megapixel 2x zoom because of the inverse square law of
>physics? I mean, if I zoom* in on a tree in the far distance so it
>takes up less than 1/10th of the screen, will the resulting number of
>pixels for each tree image be the same for the 1x 4MP and the 2x 1MP?
>
>If that's true, then I'd need a 8 megapixel, 5X optical zoom camera to
>replace my Olympus when using max zoom. I understand that the larger
>megapixel will completely win out all other times.
>
>
>* = Yes, yes, I know a 1x zoom can't zoom. I tried to keep the math
>simple.

The basic premise is simple; If you have a camera that you are forced
to crop images heavily with, cutting down an 8 meg image to 4 meg or
less, a camera with less megapixels and a longer zoom can beat it for
image resolution. For instance, an 8 meg image that is cropped by 15%
is a 6 meg image. If cropped by 25% per side, the final image is only
4 meg.
-Rich