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Too many instruction sets?

I was recently shopping CPUs and noticed the large number of instruction sets that both AMD and Intel support these days and was wondering if perhaps they were to eliminate some of the older, irrelevent ones could they improve speed and efficiency much like ARM has been able to do with their RISC processors? Since new Intel and AMD CPUs (or APUs) come with integrated graphics could MMX for example be eliminated?
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    There would be no point to this, the 'instructions sets' of which you speak are just registers and microcode that are re-rolled into newer features.

    You're really referring to extensions to the x86 instruction set.


    Intel tried this with IA-64 (Itanium) and very few people bought it due to a lack of software being available for the new (totally different) instruction set.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instruction_set

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X86


    x86 processors have been internally RISC and externally CISC (instructions from memory) since the Pentium Pro era of ~November 1, 1995. The AMD K5 could probably also be considered part of the 6th generation of x86.

    RISC isn't new.
    ARM is 'new', I doubt they have half the registers of an Intel or PowerPC processor though.
    - More registers == better performance (usually).
  2. Best answer selected by folem.
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