Yes you can access the cell phone via bluetooth from your pc.
Things like your contact list, messages, photos and other stored information on your phone should be visible.
You will need to ensure your phones bluetooth is running and not switched off. Bluetooth is normally switched off by default for security purposes.
Next your pc's bluetooth needs to active, you need to tell it to search for bluetooth devices within range. Once the phone is discovered by the pc you need to connect to it. Your phone might come up with a prompt asking you to accept access.
There may be more involved like naming your phones bluetooth so it identifiable, but this is basically the gist of it.