Changing Name in "Documents/Settings"

Archived from groups: microsoft.public.windowsxp.help_and_support (More info?)

New machine and new to XP - have noticed that the supplier of new m/c
has used our very distinctive surname to name the system folder under
Documents and Settings when installing XP Home.

Can we change this as it seems to be appearing in a lot of situations
- is it possible that this might be transmitted out onto the internet
via emails etc. or web surfing - will we get "personally addressed"
spam as a result?

Tried "rename" but of course it says it cannot be done as it is a
System folder"

Any advice much appreciated.
7 answers Last reply
More about changing documents settings
  1. Archived from groups: microsoft.public.windowsxp.help_and_support (More info?)

    Aiden wrote:
    > New machine and new to XP - have noticed that the supplier of new m/c
    > has used our very distinctive surname to name the system folder under
    > Documents and Settings when installing XP Home.
    >
    > Can we change this as it seems to be appearing in a lot of situations
    > - is it possible that this might be transmitted out onto the internet
    > via emails etc. or web surfing - will we get "personally addressed"
    > spam as a result?
    >
    > Tried "rename" but of course it says it cannot be done as it is a
    > System folder"
    >
    > Any advice much appreciated.

    "seems to be appearing in a lot of situations"...
    Like?

    You can add more users and start using them instead of the original..

    --
    Shenan Stanley
    MS-MVP
    --
    How To Ask Questions The Smart Way
    http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html
  2. Archived from groups: microsoft.public.windowsxp.help_and_support (More info?)

    Aiden wrote:
    > New machine and new to XP - have noticed that the supplier of new m/c
    > has used our very distinctive surname to name the system folder under
    > Documents and Settings when installing XP Home.
    >
    > Can we change this as it seems to be appearing in a lot of situations
    > - is it possible that this might be transmitted out onto the internet
    > via emails etc. or web surfing - will we get "personally addressed"
    > spam as a result?
    >
    > Tried "rename" but of course it says it cannot be done as it is a
    > System folder"
    >
    > Any advice much appreciated.

    Shenan Stanley wrote:
    > "seems to be appearing in a lot of situations"...
    > Like?
    >
    > You can add more users and start using them instead of the original..

    Oh - and if you have secured/maintained your system correctly - you will not
    be sending anything "out to the Internet" unless you do it intentionally.

    --
    Shenan Stanley
    MS-MVP
    --
    How To Ask Questions The Smart Way
    http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html
  3. Archived from groups: microsoft.public.windowsxp.help_and_support (More info?)

    <snip>
    >
    >"seems to be appearing in a lot of situations"...
    >Like?
    >
    >You can add more users and start using them instead of the original..
    >
    >--
    >Shenan Stanley
    > MS-MVP
    For instance - the system seems to have named new DVD backup disk with
    the folder name.

    Thanks for the suggestion re: more users - understand that, but just
    would like to be reasssured that this folder name is strictly for
    local internal admin/system puposes only - and is not publishing
    itself out there all over the place. We're still trying to learn the
    basics and prefer not to add anymore "Users" until we understand more.

    Paranoid AND dim! :-)
  4. Archived from groups: microsoft.public.windowsxp.help_and_support (More info?)

    <snip>
    >
    >Oh - and if you have secured/maintained your system correctly - you will not
    >be sending anything "out to the Internet" unless you do it intentionally.
    >
    >--
    >Shenan Stanley
    > MS-MVP

    ZoneAlarm, Grisoft AVG and now Norton AND XP firewall - we are trying
    our best.

    Thanks for your reassurance - just a pity they didn't think of a title
    more in context or is this normal to call it the customer's name?
  5. Archived from groups: microsoft.public.windowsxp.help_and_support (More info?)

    Aiden wrote:
    > New machine and new to XP - have noticed that the supplier of new m/c
    > has used our very distinctive surname to name the system folder under
    > Documents and Settings when installing XP Home.
    >
    > Can we change this as it seems to be appearing in a lot of situations
    > - is it possible that this might be transmitted out onto the internet
    > via emails etc. or web surfing - will we get "personally addressed"
    > spam as a result?
    >
    > Tried "rename" but of course it says it cannot be done as it is a
    > System folder"
    >
    > Any advice much appreciated.

    Aiden,

    Below should be all the information a beginner with Windows XP should need.
    I explain the futility of renaming your user (but the process in case you
    still want to) as well as the method for safely reinstalling Windows XP (if
    you wish to do that for some reason) and some tips that may relax you in
    terms of security and performance. Hopefully this helps you out!

    As I said before - your local username does not really matter. If you are
    worried about the registration information and not the username - change it
    if you wish - it does not matter either:

    Change the Registered Owner and Organization
    http://www.winguides.com/registry/display.php/32/

    If you are worried about strictly the folder name - that REALLY does not
    matter. It is named whatever your username is when it is created and even
    if you change your username from "Fred" to "Bob", the folder stays "Fred".
    ("C:\Documents and Settings\Fred" to be more exact.) It has no relevance on
    anything but your usage of the system.. It is not sent to anyone you do
    not authorize - and anyone you would authorize you likley registered with
    using your information. You could easily create a new user called
    "NotEnoughInfo" and (at first logon) it would create the folder
    "C:\Documents and Settings\NotEnoughInfo" for you. You could then log back
    in as your old user and use the Files and Settings Transfer Wizard to export
    your current settings and log out. Log in as "NotEnoughInfo" and use the
    Files and Settings Transfer Wizard to import all the settings from the other
    user and then you could delete the old user. What have you accomplished?
    Not much other than changing the folder name.

    Is it customary to name a user after the owner for a computer shop? There
    is no "customary". Each computer shop is unique - although I will say that
    in my organization, the user's name is their username in most cases
    (although some choose differently) - because it simply has no bearing on
    their security. Sure - it makes the username easier to guess if someone
    tries to hack into the systems - but if they have physical access to the
    computer, getting a list of usernames from that computer is a moot point.
    And again - it has no bearing on your Internet activity.

    Here is some information about the Windows XP user/folder system:
    ----------
    HOW TO: Create and Configure User Accounts in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/279783

    HOW TO: Set, View, Change, or Remove Special Permissions for Files and
    Folders in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/308419

    Doug's Windows XP Security Console
    http://www.dougknox.com/xp/utils/xp_securityconsole.htm

    Windows XP is a multi-user OS, even when used by one person only, the
    fundamentals don't change.

    Documents and Settings is the directory that contains your user
    information/documents/etc. It also contains a few extra directories used by
    Windows.

    One is "Default User" - This is used whenever a new account is created. It
    bases the initial setup of that account off this directory. You can create
    your
    own "Default User" based off of one of your administrative level users so
    that
    all new users look/feel that way when they first log in:
    How To Create a Custom Default User Profile
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/319974

    Another is "All Users" - This is used by.. all users. If you want something
    to appear on the desktop of every user of the machine, you put it on this
    users desktop (in the desktop folder.) Etc.

    You may also see "Administrator" - depending on your setup, this is the
    original administrator user and if you know that account's password, you
    should leave him alone and use him only in an emergency.

    You could also (if you have it where you can see ALL files) see
    "LocalService" and "NetworkService" folders. These are service accounts,
    normally unused by the standard user.

    ----------

    As for reinstalling - sure - you can do that anytime you like as many times
    as you like. You better be ready for what you are doing though. Windows XP
    is very particular about drivers, it requires activation after it is
    installed, if you do not have it protected before connectig to the Internet
    the first time you could get infected with a virus and all sorts of other
    minor points (like you must know your CD Key, you must have the installation
    media and keys for all other software you have installed, etc etc.. and not
    all of that is by any means unique to an XP installation - just telling you
    this because you are about to consider doing it for what seems to be a
    non-issue.)

    However, if you REALLY want to perform a clean installation:

    Things you need to do to prepare yourself...

    - Backup your important files/data. Don't forget your pictures, your
    email, your contacts, your documents and anything else you created and know
    would be a pain to recreate.
    - Backup your installation media/keys - be sure to have them in a safe
    place. If you downloaded some application, make sure it is backed up to a
    medium that is not easily erased whenever you format/lose your machines
    current configuration.
    - Download and save to external media Windows XP Service Pack 2 - this way
    you can install it first thing.
    - Download and save to external media all hardware drivers for your
    specific system. Video Card, Network Card and Chipset are the really
    important ones. With those in place, you can download the rest in relative
    comfort after the install.

    Once you have backed up and have all your installation media/keys together,
    you are ready to begin. Almost.

    ** Disconnect your system from the Internet - physically. No way for it to
    connect to the internet should be available. No telephone line, no network
    line, etc.

    Now - put your Windows XP CD into the CD driver, restart your system and
    enter the System BIOS. Be sure it is set to boot from the CDROM drive
    first.. Then save and exit. You should shortly see a screen asking you to
    "Press any key to boot from CD..." --> do so.

    From this point on, just follow the prompts. When it gets to the one asking
    you to choose the partition to install on, DELETE the partitions that you
    see on the drive and create new ones.. Format (Quick) with NTFS and then
    continue following the prompts (steps) for installing. It will reboot
    several times and there is no need for you to "Press any key to boot from
    CD" again.

    Once it is done installing and you log on for the first time - you should
    patch/install the drivers you prepared with earlier.

    First - Install your Chipset drivers (if you got any), followed by your
    network drivers and finally your video card drivers.
    Next - Install Service Pack 2 for Windows XP.

    Once that is done, verify it turned on your Windows Firewall and connect
    your system back to the internet. Visit http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com/
    and scan for/install all critical/non-critical updates.. DO NOT install any
    of the hardware drivers from here - always go to the actual manufacturers
    web page to get the hardware drivers.

    Once you have your system installed and updated, you can begin the more
    tedious task of installing your other applications (office suites,
    antivirus, antispyware, web browsers and other productivity applications..)
    and patching them. You now have a freshly installed system and your only
    task will be to maintain it properly..

    ----------

    You seem a bit paranoid, so perhaps you will take some advice that would
    help you secure your computer and properluy maintain it for the future?

    Microsoft has these suggestions for Protecting your computer from the
    various things that could happen to you/it:

    Protect your PC
    http://www.microsoft.com/security/protect/


    Although those tips are fantastic, there are many things you should
    know above and beyond what is there. Below I have detailed
    out many steps that can not only help you clean-up a problem PC but
    keep it clean ,secure and running at its top performance mark.

    I know this text can seem intimidating - it is quite long and a lot
    to take in for a novice - but I assure you that one trip through this
    list and you will understand your computer and the options available
    to you for protecting your data much better - and that the next time
    you review these steps, the time it takes will be greatly reduced.

    Let's take the cleanup of your computer step-by-step. Yes, it will take
    up some of your time - but consider what you use your computer
    for and how much you would dislike it if all of your stuff on your
    computer went away because you did not "feel like" performing some
    simple maintenance tasks - think of it like taking out your garbage,
    collecting and sorting your postal mail, paying your bills on time,
    etc.

    I'll mainly work around Windows XP, as that is what the bulk of this
    document is about; however, here is a place for you poor souls still
    stuck in Windows 98/ME where you can get information on maintaining
    your system:

    Windows 98 and 'Maintaining Your Computer':
    http://www.microsoft.com/windows98/usingwindows/maintaining/

    Windows ME Computer Health:
    http://www.microsoft.com/windowsME/using/computerhealth/articles/

    Pay close attention to the sections:
    (in order)
    - Clean up your hard disk
    - Check for errors by running ScanDisk
    - Defragment your hard disk
    - Roll back the clock with System Restore


    Also - now is a good time to point you to one of the easiest ways to find
    information on problems you may be having and solutions others have found:

    Search using Google!
    http://www.google.com/
    (How-to: http://www.google.com/intl/en/help/basics.html )


    Now, let's go through some maintenance first that should only have to be
    done once (mostly):

    Tip (1):
    Locate all of the software you have installed on your computer.
    (the installation media - CDs, downloaded files, etc)
    Collect these CDs and files together in a central and safe
    place along with their CD keys and such. Make backups of these
    installation media sets using your favorite copying method (CD/DVD Burner
    and application, Disk copier, etc.) You'll be glad to know that if you
    have a CD/DVD burner, you may be able to use a free application to make a
    duplicate copy of your CDs. One such application is ISORecorder:

    ISORecorder page (with general instructions on use):
    http://isorecorder.alexfeinman.com/beta.htm

    Yes - it is BETA software - but very useful and well tested.

    More full function applications (free) for CD/DVD burning would be:

    DeepBurner Free
    http://www.deepburner.com/

    CDBurnerXP Pro
    http://www.cdburnerxp.se/

    Another Option would be to search the web with Pricewatch.com or
    Dealsites.net and find deals on Products like Ahead Nero and/or Roxio.


    Tip (2):
    Empty your Temporary Internet Files and shrink the size it stores to a
    size between 128MB and 512MB..

    - Open ONE copy of Internet Explorer.
    - Select TOOLS -> Internet Options.
    - Under the General tab in the "Temporary Internet Files" section, do the
    following:
    - Click on "Delete Cookies" (click OK)
    - Click on "Settings" and change the "Amount of disk space to use:" to
    something between 128MB and 512MB. (Betting it is MUCH larger right
    now.)
    - Click OK.
    - Click on "Delete Files" and select to "Delete all offline contents"
    (the checkbox) and click OK. (If you had a LOT, this could take 2-10
    minutes or more.)
    - Once it is done, click OK, close Internet Explorer, re-open Internet
    Explorer.


    Tip (3):
    If things are running a bit sluggish and/or you have an older system
    (1.5GHz or less and 256MB RAM or less) then you may want to look into
    tweaking the performance by turning off some of the 'resource hogging'
    Windows XP "prettifications". The fastest method is:

    Control Panel --> System --> Advanced tab --> Performance section,
    Settings button. Then choose "adjust for best performance" and you
    now have a Windows 2000/98 look which turned off most of the annoying
    "prettifications" in one swift action. You can play with the last
    three checkboxes to get more of an XP look without many of the
    other annoyances. You could also grab and install/use one
    (or more) of the Microsoft Powertoys - TweakUI in particular:

    http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/downloads/powertoys/xppowertoys.mspx


    Tip (4):
    Understanding what a good password might be is vital to your
    personal and system security. You may think you do not need to password
    your home computer, as you may have it in a locked area (your home) where
    no one else has access to it. Remember, however, you aren't always
    "in that locked area" when using your computer online - meaning you likely
    have usernames and passwords associated with web sites and the likes that
    you would prefer other people do not discover/use. This is why you should
    understand and utilize good passwords.

    Good passwords are those that meet these general rules
    (mileage may vary):

    Passwords should contain at least six characters, and the character
    string should contain at least three of these four character types:
    - uppercase letters
    - lowercase letters
    - numerals
    - nonalphanumeric characters (e.g., *, %, &, !, :)

    Passwords should not contain your name/username.
    Passwords should be unique to you and easy to remember.

    One method many people are using today is to make up a phrase that
    describes a point in their life and then turning that phrase into their
    password by using only certain letters out of each word in that phrase.
    It's much better than using your birthday month/year or your anniversary
    in a pure sense. For example, let's say my phrase is:
    'Moved to new home in 2004'
    I could come up with this password from that:
    'Mv2n3whmN04'

    The password tip is in the one time section, but I highly
    recommend you periodically change your passwords. The suggested time
    varies, but I will throw out a 'once in every 3 to 6 months for
    every account you have.'


    Tip (5):
    This tip is also 'questionable' in the one time section; however -
    if properly setup - this one can be pretty well ignored for most people
    after the initial 'fiddle-with' time.

    Why you should use a computer firewall..
    http://www.microsoft.com/athome/security/viruses/fwbenefits.mspx

    You should, in some way, use a firewall. Hardware (like a nice
    Cable Modem/DSL router) or software is up to you. Many use both of
    these. The simplest one to use is the hardware one, as most people
    don't do anything that they will need to configure their NAT device
    for and those who do certainly will not mind fiddling with the equipment
    to make things work for them. Next in the line of simplicity would
    have to be the built-in Windows Firewall of Windows XP. In SP2 it
    is turned on by default. It is not difficult to turn on in any
    case, however:

    Enable/Disable the Internet Connection Firewall (Pre-SP2):
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/283673

    More information on the Internet Connection Firewall (Pre-SP2):
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/320855

    Post-SP2 Windows Firewall Information/guidance:
    http://snipurl.com/atal

    The trouble with the Windows Firewall is that it only keeps things
    out. For most people who maintain their system in other ways, this is
    MORE than sufficient. However, you may feel otherwise. If you want to
    know when one of your applications is trying to obtain access to the
    outside world so you can stop it, then you will have to install a
    third-party application and configure/maintain it. I have compiled a
    list with links of some of the better known/free firewalls you can choose
    from:

    BlackICE PC Protection (~$39.95 and up)
    http://blackice.iss.net/

    Jetico Personal Firewall (Free)
    http://www.jetico.com/index.htm#/jpfirewall.htm

    Kerio Personal Firewall (KPF) (Free and up)
    http://www.kerio.com/kpf_download.html

    Outpost Firewall from Agnitum (Free and up)
    http://www.agnitum.com/download/

    Sygate Personal Firewall (Free and up)
    http://smb.sygate.com/buy/download_buy.htm

    Symantec's Norton Personal Firewall (~$25 and up)
    http://www.symantec.com/sabu/nis/npf/

    ZoneAlarm (Free and up)
    http://snipurl.com/6ohg

    You should find the right firewall for your situation in that
    list and set it up.

    Every firewall WILL require some maintenance. Essentially checking for
    patches or upgrades (this goes for hardware and software solutions) is
    the extent of this maintenance - you may also have to configure your
    firewall to allow some traffic depending on your needs.

    ** Don't stack the software firewalls! Running more than one software
    firewall will not make you safer - it would possibly negate some
    protection you gleamed from one or the other firewall you run.


    Now that you have some of the more basic things down..
    Let's go through some of the steps you should take periodically to
    maintain a healthy and stable windows computer. If you have not
    done some of these things in the past, they may seem tedious - however,
    they will become routine and some can even be automatically scheduled.


    Tip (6):
    The system restore feature is a new one - first appearing in Windows
    ME and then sticking around for Windows XP. It is a useful feature
    if you keep it maintained and use it to your advantage. Remember that
    the system restore pretty much tells you in the name what it protects
    which is 'system' files. Your documents, your pictures, your stuff is
    NOT system files - so you should also look into some backup solution.

    I have seen the automatic system restore go wrong too many times not
    to suggest the following.. Whenever you think about it (after doing a
    once-over on your machine once a month or so would be optimal) - clear
    out your System Restore and create a manual restoration point.

    'Why?'

    Too many times have I seen the system restore files go corrupt or get
    a virus in them, meaning you could not or did not want to restore from
    them. By clearing it out periodically you help prevent any corruption
    from happening and you make sure you have at least one good "snapshot".
    (*This, of course, will erase any previous restore point you have.*)

    - Turn off System Restore.
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/310405
    - Reboot the Computer.
    - Review the first bullet to turn on System Restore
    - Make a Manual Restoration Point.
    http://snipurl.com/68nx

    That covers your system files, but doesn't do anything for the files
    that you are REALLY worried about - yours! For that you need to look
    into backups. You can either manually copy your important files, folders,
    documents, spreadsheets, emails, contacts, pictures, drawings and so on
    to an external location (CD/DVD - any disk of some sort, etc) or you can
    use the backup tool that comes with Windows XP:

    How To Use Backup to Back Up Files and Folders on Your Computer
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/308422

    Yes - you still need some sort of external media to store the results
    on, but you could schedule the backup to occur when you are not around,
    then burn the resultant data onto CD or DVD or something when you are
    (while you do other things!)

    A lot of people have wondered about how to completely backup their system
    so that they would not have to go through the trouble of a reinstall..
    I'm going to voice my opinion here and say that it would be worthless to
    do for MOST people. Unless you plan on periodically updating the image
    backup of your system (remaking it) - then by the time you use it
    (something goes wrong) - it will be so outdated as to be more trouble than
    performing a full install of the operating system and all applications.

    Having said my part against it, you can clone/backup your hard drive
    completely using many methods - by far the simplest are using disk cloning
    applications:

    Symantec/Norton Ghost
    http://www.symantec.com/sabu/ghost/

    Acronis True Image
    http://www.acronis.com/homecomputing/products/trueimage


    Tip (7):
    You should sometimes look through the list of applications that are
    installed on your computer. The list may surprise you. There are more
    than likely things in there you know you never use - so why have them
    there? There may even be things you know you did *not* install and
    certainly do not use (maybe don't WANT to use.)

    This web site should help you get started at looking through this list:

    How to Uninstall Programs
    http://snipurl.com/8v6b

    A word of warning - Do NOT uninstall anything you think you MIGHT need
    in the future unless you have completed Tip (1) and have the installation
    media and proper keys for use backed up somewhere safe!


    Tip (8):
    Patches and Updates!

    This one cannot be stressed enough. It is SO simple, yet so neglected
    by many people. It is especially simple for the critical Windows patches!
    Microsoft put in an AUTOMATED feature for you to utilize so that you do
    NOT have to worry yourself about the patching of the Operating System:

    How to configure and use Automatic Updates in Windows XP
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/306525

    However, not everyone wants to be a slave to automation, and that is
    fine. Admittedly, I prefer this method on some of my more critical
    systems.

    Windows Update
    http://windowsupdate.microsoft.com/

    Go there and scan your machine for updates. Always get the critical ones
    as you see them. Write down the KB###### or Q###### you see when
    selecting the updates and if you have trouble over the next few days,
    go into your control panel (Add/Remove Programs), insure that the
    'Show Updates' checkbox is checked and match up the latest numbers you
    downloaded recently (since you started noticing an issue) and uninstall
    them. If there was more than one (usually is), uninstall them one by one
    with a few hours of use in between, to see if the problem returns.
    Yes - the process is not perfect (updating) and can cause trouble like I
    mentioned - but as you can see, the solution isn't that bad - and is
    MUCH better than the alternatives.

    Windows is not the only product you likely have on your PC. The
    manufacturers of the other products usually have updates. New versions
    of almost everything come out all the time - some are free, some are pay
    and some you can only download if you are registered - but it is best
    to check. Just go to their web pages and look under their support and
    download sections. For example, for Microsoft Office you should visit:

    Microsoft Office Updates
    http://office.microsoft.com/
    (and select 'Check for Updates' and/or 'Downloads' for more)

    You also have hardware on your machine that requires drivers to interface
    with the operating system. You have a video card that allows you to see on
    your screen, a sound card that allows you to hear your PCs sound output and
    so on. Visit those manufacturer web sites for the latest downloadable
    drivers for your hardware/operating system. Always get the manufacturers'
    hardware driver over any Microsoft offers. On the Windows Update site I
    mentioned earlier, I suggest NOT getting their hardware drivers - no matter
    how tempting.

    How do you know what hardware you have in your computer? Break out the
    invoice or if it is up and working now - take inventory:

    Belarc Advisor
    http://belarc.com/free_download.html

    EVEREST Home Edition
    http://www.lavalys.com/products/download.php?pid=1&lang=en

    Once you know what you have, what next? Go get the latest driver for your
    hardware/OS from the manufacturer's web page. For example, let's say you
    have an NVidia chipset video card or ATI video card, perhaps a Creative
    Labs sound card or C-Media chipset sound card...

    NVidia Video Card Drivers
    http://www.nvidia.com/content/drivers/drivers.asp

    ATI Video Card Drivers
    http://www.atitech.com/support/driver.html

    Creative Labs Sound Device
    http://us.creative.com/support/downloads/

    C-Media Sound Device
    http://www.cmedia.com.tw/e_download_01.htm

    Then install these drivers. Updated drivers are usually more stable and
    may provide extra benefits/features that you really wished you had before.

    As for Service Pack 2 (SP2) for Windows XP, Microsoft has made this
    particular patch available in a number of ways. First, there is the
    Windows Update web page above. Then there is a direct download site
    and finally, you can order the FREE CD from Microsoft.

    Direct Download of Service Pack 2 (SP2) for Windows XP
    http://snipurl.com/8bqy

    Order the Free Windows XP SP2 CD
    http://snipurl.com/8umo

    If all else fails - grab the full download above and try to use that.
    In this case - consider yourself a 'IT professional or developer'.


    Tip (9):
    What about the dreaded word in the computer world, VIRUS?

    Well, there are many products to choose from that will help you prevent
    infections from these horrid little applications. Many are FREE to the
    home user and which you choose is a matter of taste, really. Many people
    have emotional attachments or performance issues with one or another
    AntiVirus software. Try some out, read reviews and decide for yourself
    which you like more:

    ( Good Comparison Page for AV software: http://www.av-comparatives.org/ )

    AntiVir (Free and up)
    http://www.free-av.com/

    avast! (Free and up)
    http://www.avast.com/

    AVG Anti-Virus System (Free and up)
    http://free.grisoft.com/

    eset NOD32 (~$39.00 and up)
    http://www.eset.com/products/products.htm

    eTrust EZ Antivirus (~$29.95 and up)
    http://ca.com/store/home/us/hp2/

    Kaspersky Anti-Virus (~$49.95 and up)
    http://www.kaspersky.com/products.html

    McAfee VirusScan (~$11 and up)
    http://www.mcafee.com/

    Panda Antivirus Titanium (~$39.95 and up)
    http://www.pandasoftware.com/
    (Free Online Scanner: http://www.pandasoftware.com/activescan/)

    RAV AntiVirus Online Virus Scan (Free!)
    http://www.ravantivirus.com/scan/

    Symantec (Norton) AntiVirus (~$11 and up)
    http://www.symantec.com/nav/nav_9xnt/

    Trend Micro (~$49.95 and up)
    http://www.trendmicro.com/en/home/us/personal.htm
    (Free Online Scanner:
    http://housecall.trendmicro.com/housecall/start_corp.asp)


    Most of them have automatic update capabilities. You will have to
    look into the features of the one you choose. Whatever one you finally
    settle with - be SURE to keep it updated (I recommend at least daily) and
    perform a full scan periodically (yes, most protect you actively, but a
    full scan once a month at 4AM probably won't bother you.)


    Tip (10):
    The most rampant infestation at the current time concerns SPYWARE/ADWARE.
    You need to eliminate it from your machine.

    There is no one software that cleans and immunizes you against
    everything. Antivirus software - you only needed one. Firewall, you
    only needed one. AntiSpyware - you will need several. I have a list and
    I recommend you use at least the first five.

    First - make sure you have NOT installed "Rogue AntiSpyware". There are
    people out there who created AntiSpyware products that actually install
    spyware of their own! You need to avoid these:

    Rogue/Suspect Anti-Spyware Products & Web Sites
    http://www.spywarewarrior.com/rogue_anti-spyware.htm

    Also, you can always visit this site..
    http://mvps.org/winhelp2002/unwanted.htm
    For more updated information.

    Install the first five of these: (Install, Run, Update, Scan with..)
    (If you already have one or more - uninstall them and download the
    LATEST version from the page given!)

    Lavasoft AdAware (Free and up)
    http://www.lavasoft.de/support/download/
    (How-to: http://snipurl.com/atdn )

    Spybot Search and Destroy (Free!)
    http://www.safer-networking.net/en/download/index.html
    (How-to: http://snipurl.com/atdk )

    Bazooka Adware and Spyware Scanner (Free!)
    http://www.kephyr.com/spywarescanner/
    (How-to: http://snipurl.com/ate3 )

    SpywareBlaster (Free!)
    http://www.javacoolsoftware.com/sbdownload.html
    (How-to: http://snipurl.com/ate6 )

    IE-SPYAD2 (Free!)
    https://netfiles.uiuc.edu/ehowes/www/resource.htm
    (How-to: http://snipurl.com/ate7 )

    CWShredder Stand-Alone (Free!)
    http://www.intermute.com/spysubtract/cwshredder_download.html

    Hijack This! (Free!)
    http://www.spywareinfo.com/~merijn/downloads.html
    (Log Analyzer: http://hjt.iamnotageek.com/ )

    ToolbarCop (Free!)
    http://windowsxp.mvps.org/toolbarcop.htm

    Microsoft AntiSpyware BETA (in testing stages - Free!)
    http://www.microsoft.com/athome/security/spyware/software/
    (How-to: http://snipurl.com/fqur )

    Browser Security Tests (Free Tester)
    http://www.jasons-toolbox.com/BrowserSecurity/

    Popup Tester (Free Tester)
    http://www.popuptest.com/

    The Cleaner (~$49.95 and up)
    http://www.moosoft.com/

    Sometimes you need to install the application and reboot into SAFE MODE in
    order to thoroughly clean your computer. Many applications also have
    (or are) immunization applications. Spybot Search and Destroy and
    SpywareBlaster are two that currently do the best job at passively
    protecting your system from malware. None of these programs (in these
    editions) run in the background unless you TELL them to. The space they
    take up and how easy they are to use greatly makes up for any inconvenience
    you may be feeling.

    Please notice that Windows XP SP2 does help stop popups as well.

    Another option is to use an alternative Web browser. I suggest
    'Mozilla Firefox', as it has some great features and is very easy to use:

    Mozilla Firefox
    http://www.mozilla.org/products/firefox/


    So your machine is pretty clean and up to date now. If you use the sections
    above as a guide, it should stay that way as well! There are still a few
    more things you can do to keep your machine running in top shape.


    Tip (11):
    You should periodically check your hard drive(s) for errors and defragment
    them. Only defragment after you have cleaned up your machine of
    outside parasites and never defragment as a solution to a quirkiness in
    your system. It may help speed up your system, but it should be clean
    before you do this. Do these things IN ORDER...

    How to use Disk Cleanup
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/310312

    How to scan your disks for errors
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/315265

    How to Defragment your hard drives
    http://support.microsoft.com/kb/314848

    I would personally perform the above steps at least once every three months.
    For most people this should be sufficient, but if the difference you notice
    afterwards is greater than you think it should be, lessen the time in
    between its schedule.. If the difference you notice is negligible, you can
    increase the time.


    Tip (12):
    SPAM! JUNK MAIL!
    This one can get annoying, just like the rest. You get 50 emails in one
    sitting and 2 of them you wanted. NICE! (Not.) What can you do? Well,
    although there are services out there to help you, some email
    servers/services that actually do lower your spam with features built into
    their servers - I still like the methods that let you be the end-decision
    maker on what is spam and what is not. I have two products to suggest to
    you, look at them and see if either of them suite your needs. Again, if
    they don't, Google is free and available for your perusal.

    SpamBayes (Free!)
    http://spambayes.sourceforge.net/

    Spamihilator (Free!)
    http://www.spamihilator.com/

    As I said, those are not your only options, but are reliable ones I have
    seen function for hundreds+ people.


    Tip (13):
    ADVANCED TIP! Only do this once you are comfortable under the hood of your
    computer!

    There are lots of services on your PC that are probably turned on by default
    you don't use. Why have them on? Check out these web pages to see what all
    of the services you might find on your computer are and set them according
    to your personal needs. Be CAREFUL what you set to manual, and take heed
    and write down as you change things! Also, don't expect a large performance
    increase or anything - especially on today's 2+ GHz machines, however - I
    look at each service you set to manual as one less service you have to worry
    about someone exploiting.

    Configuring Services
    http://snakefoot.fateback.com/tweak/winnt/services.html

    Task List Programs
    http://www.answersthatwork.com/Tasklist_pages/tasklist.htm

    Processes in Windows NT/2000/XP
    http://www.reger24.de/prozesse/

    There are also applications that AREN'T services that startup when you start
    up the computer/logon. One of the better description on how to handle these
    I have found here:

    Startups
    http://www.pacs-portal.co.uk/startup_content.php


    If you follow the advice laid out above (and do some of your own research as
    well, so you understand what you are doing) - your computer will stay fairly
    stable and secure and you will have a more trouble-free system.

    --
    Shenan Stanley
    MS-MVP
    --
    How To Ask Questions The Smart Way
    http://www.catb.org/~esr/faqs/smart-questions.html
  6. Archived from groups: microsoft.public.windowsxp.help_and_support (More info?)

    <snip>
    >> MS-MVP
    >
    >ZoneAlarm, Grisoft AVG and now Norton AND XP firewall - we are trying
    >our best.
    >
    >Thanks for your reassurance - just a pity they didn't think of a title
    >more in context or is this normal to call it the customer's name?

    As the systems new and clean, so not too cluttered up yet - if I
    re-installed XP with the installation disk that came with it, will I
    be able to rename it then - or has Microsoft now got this "written in
    stone" from the first registration?
  7. Archived from groups: microsoft.public.windowsxp.help_and_support (More info?)

    <snip>

    Thanks for all that Shenan, apart from anything else, it has helped
    greatly in understanding the workings of the "User" profiles better.
    Now it's up to me to make a decision as to what to do - if you don't
    hear further, you'll know what's happened and we've gone over to MAC!!
    :-}
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