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Nvidia GeForce GTX 550 Ti Review: Bridging The Budget Gap

Nvidia GeForce GTX 550 Ti Review: Bridging The Budget Gap
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Nvidia has a sizable gap in its product line between the GeForce GTS 450 and the GeForce GTX 460 768 MB. The company is filling that gap with an all-new card called the GeForce GTX 550 Ti. Is this product a worthy competitor for AMD's Radeon HD 5770?

There is a sizable performance gap between the GeForce GTS 450 and the GeForce GTX 460 768 MB, and AMD's Radeon HD 5770 is positioned smack-dab in the middle of it. The Radeon card currently sells for a few dollars more than the GeForce GTS 450, and yet it offers a notable upgrade, featuring performance on par with the venerable Radeon HD 4870.

Given the current market conditions, AMD's Radeon HD 5770 consequently enjoys free reign over its $125-$150 price range, and has for some time now. The GeForce GTX 460 768 MB recently dropped a few dollars add some pressure, but that Radeon card slid a few bucks to counterattack, too. Up until now, Nvidia's higher-priced GeForce GTX 460 SE was the only thing battling AMD for its position. Unfortunately, relatively sparse availability makes that card more of a stopgap measure.

Today Nvidia introduces its GeForce GTX 550 Ti, a card that should change the status quo by delivering more performance than a GeForce GTS 450. The 550 Ti centers on a respun GPU called GF116, which benefits from many of the same transistor-level changes introduced on GF110 and GF114.

The GF116 has a single Graphics Processing Cluster (GPC), with four Streaming Multiprocessors (SMs). Each SM contains 48 shader cores, four dispatch units, and eight texture units. All told, GF116 employs 192 shader cores, four Polymorph engines (one per SM), and 32 texture units.

Given its familiar specifications, you might be thinking that GF116 is no different from GeForce GTS 450's GF106. And, from an architectural perspective, you’d be right. However, recall that the GTS 450 has one if its ROP partitions disabled at the factory. The GF116 in Nvidia's GeForce GTX 550 Ti does not suffer this indignity, and all three ROP partitions are fully functional. In this respect, it’s similar to the uncut GF106 GPU in Nvidia's GeForce GTX 460M mobile graphics module. With each of the three ROP partitions capable of eight 32-bit integer pixels per clock, we have 24 ROPs and a cumulative 192-bit memory interface. Because of the wider interface and higher memory clocks, the GeForce GTX 550 Ti boasts 70% more bandwidth than the GeForce GTS 450. This should prove to be a big help when anti-aliasing (AA) is enabled.

The new GF116 holds another notable distinction: it can accommodate mixed density memory ICs. This means that the GeForce GTX 550 Ti can be equipped with 1 GB of graphics RAM, unlike previous 192-bit cards with three 64-bit memory partitions limited to 3 x 256 MB (768 MB—not enough to be optimal) or 3 x 512 MB (1.5 GB—too expensive for a budget card).

Now we have a good idea what to expect from the GeForce GTX 550 Ti: it’s a GeForce GTS 450 with a 50% increase of ROPs and memory interface width, and overclocked for good measure. With these specifications, Nvidia claims that the new card provides 28% higher performance than the GTS 450, with 20% more performance per watt. We’ll put those marketing figures to the test in our benchmarks, but for now let’s consider how the new card stacks up against its competition:


GeForce GTS 450
GeForce GTX 550 Ti
GeForce GTX 460 768 MB
Radeon HD 5770
Shader Cores
192
192
336
800
Texture Units
32
32
56
40
Full Color ROPs
16
24
24
16
Graphics Clock
783 MHz
900 MHz
675 MHz850 MHz
Shader Clock
1566 MHz
1800 MHz
1350 MHz850 MHz
Memory Clock
902 MHz
1025 MHz
900 MHz1200 MHz
GDDR5 Memory
1 GB
1 GB
768 MB1 GB
Memory Interface
128-bit
192-bit
192-bit128-bit
Memory Bandwidth
57.7 GB/s
98.5 GB/s
86.4 GB/s76.8 GB/s
Texture Filtering Rate
25.1 GTex/s
28.8 GTex/s
37.8 GTex/s34 GTex/s
Connectors
2 x DL-DVI,
1 x mini-HDMI
2 x DL-DVI,
1 x mini-HDMI
2 x DL-DVI,
1 x mini-HDMI
2 x DL-DVI,
1 x HDMI,
1x DisplayPort
Form Factor
Dual-slot
Dual-slot
Dual-slot
Dual-slot
Power Connectors
1 x 6-pin
1 x 6-pin
2 x 6-pin
1 x 6-pin
Recommended Power Supply
400 W
400 W
450 W
450 W
Thermal Design Power
106 W
116 W
150 W108 W


Making Comparisons

First and foremost, we need to point out that Nvidia confirmed for us that the “GeForce GTX 460 SE & 768 MB are transitioning out of our primary channel lineup.” GeForce GTX 550 Ti is being groomed as the only bridge between the GeForce GTS 450 and GeForce GTX 460 1 GB. Having said that, the company also stated that “end market availability through e-tail can sometimes be found for months after such a transition.” From this, we can expect that GeForce GTX 460 768 MB availability will depend on how quickly the market adopts GeForce GTX 550 Ti.

When we compare the new model to the GeForce GTX 460 768 MB on its way out, we see identical render back-ends, both with a 192-bit memory interface and 24 ROPs. The similarities end there, however. The GF104 GPU in the GeForce GTX 460 is about 50% more powerful, with 336 shader cores and 56 texture units versus the GeForce GTX 550 Ti’s 192 cores and 32 texture units. This difference is mitigated a little by the new card’s higher clock speeds. But we still expect the GeForce GTX 460 768 MB to outperform it by a notable margin.

Comparing in the opposite direction, the GeForce GTS 450 shares an identical shader core and texture unit count with the new card. But its 128-bit memory interface boasts one-third less bandwidth, while the core and memory clocks are both about 120 MHz lower. Given those numbers, we expect the new GeForce GTX 550 Ti to perform significantly faster, just as Nvidia suggests.

The real question is: how will the GeForce GTX 550 Ti compare to AMD's Radeon HD 5770? The 192-bit memory interface should afford a significant memory bandwidth advantage over the 128-bit Radeon, but we think the shader core power remains similar (for those surprised at the difference in quantity, keep in mind that GeForce shader cores are not 1:1 comparable with Radeon shader cores). As such, we expect the GeForce to perform similarly, except in bandwidth-limited situations, where it may show an advantage (for example, when AA is enabled).

The  GeForce GTX 550 Ti reference card looks a lot like the GeForce GTS 450 reference card, and according to the specifications, they share the same 8 ¼” length. Having said that, the reference PCB amounts to little more than a suggestion, and both of the launch samples we have for testing are unique overclocked models from their respective manufacturers. Let’s examine them now: meet Zotac's GeForce GTX 550 Ti AMP! Edition and MSI's N550GTX-Ti Cyclone II.

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  • 6 Hide
    hardcore_gamer , March 15, 2011 1:23 PM
    It consumes more power than the 6850, which is significantly faster.
  • 0 Hide
    Pherule , March 15, 2011 1:28 PM
    192-bit, good move there.
  • 0 Hide
    AMD_pitbull , March 15, 2011 1:30 PM
    So, when is the release date on this? Or is it going to be another paper launch by the green team?
  • 6 Hide
    zooted , March 15, 2011 1:34 PM
    So it consumes more power, and is louder than the 460 768, yet performs just about on par with the 5770? What was the point of this card?
  • 9 Hide
    hardcore_gamer , March 15, 2011 1:36 PM
    The far superior, less power consuming 6850 is available for only $10 more..This card is pointless
  • 0 Hide
    scook9 , March 15, 2011 1:39 PM
    zootedSo it consumes more power, and is louder than the 460 768, yet performs just about on par with the 5770? What was the point of this card?

    To cost a lot clearly lol
  • 8 Hide
    dark_lord69 , March 15, 2011 1:52 PM
    "On par with the 4870"
    "The MSRP of the new card is $149"
    Well.. in that case I'll stick with my 4870 that I bought for $80.
  • 2 Hide
    sithtis , March 15, 2011 2:02 PM
    zootedSo it consumes more power, and is louder than the 460 768, yet performs just about on par with the 5770? What was the point of this card?


    God i was thinking exactly the same... whats the point of that. a 460 768 cost around 140 and less noise less power better performance... i really really dont get it?

    6850 or 460 768 are the cards to get... here in Canada you can get a 5770 for less than 100$
  • 0 Hide
    K2N hater , March 15, 2011 2:03 PM
    @Don

    How about the minimal FPS? Any substantial change on FPS once all eye-candy settings are enabled?
  • 2 Hide
    cleeve , March 15, 2011 2:07 PM
    K2N hater@DonHow about the minimal FPS? Any substantial change on FPS once all eye-candy settings are enabled?


    Minimum FPS readings should be there for most of the games we've benched.

    As for adding eye-candy settings, not sure that makes sense for this class of card as it might push FPS down to unpleasant levels.
  • 1 Hide
    cleeve , March 15, 2011 2:08 PM
    AMD_pitbullSo, when is the release date on this? Or is it going to be another paper launch by the green team?


    Looks like they're for sale on NewEgg right now.
  • 2 Hide
    Anonymous , March 15, 2011 2:15 PM
    Btw ... from what I gather its 5 - 7 % better than the 5770 but costs about 30% more than the 5770 ... i dont think that its worth it !
  • 1 Hide
    cleeve , March 15, 2011 2:17 PM
    zootedSo it consumes more power, and is louder than the 460 768, yet performs just about on par with the 5770? What was the point of this card?


    To be fair, we only had factory overclocked cards to test for power readings as we said in the article. having said that, chances are a reference GTX 550 Ti would have pushed 80 watts in our load test. 25 watts isn't a big deal, really. Assuming you live in a place with high electricity rates like 16 cents/killowatt hour, we're talking a difference of 0.4 cents per hour of gaming between the 5770 and GTX 550 Ti. That's under a gaming load, at idle the difference would be infinitesimal.

    As far as noise, all of the cards have about the same nominal levels. under load the Zotac is as loud as the 5770, the MSI is a bit louder but as we mentioned in the article the MSI cooler doesn't get that loud during regular operation, and keeps the GPU a lot cooler. Also, the GTS 450 shares the same cooler as the GTX 550 Ti reference card, and it's quite quiet.

    In any case, it's not as cut and dry as you might think by simply glancing at the charts.
  • 0 Hide
    cleeve , March 15, 2011 2:20 PM
    ignanikBtw ... from what I gather its 5 - 7 % better than the 5770 but costs about 30% more than the 5770 ... i dont think that its worth it !


    Absolutely right!

    However, this often changes to fit the market after unreasonably high launch pricing. If the 550 Ti falls to within $10 of Radeon 5770 pricing it'd be viable.

    That's obviously not the case yet, though, and the Radeon 5770 is easily a better buy at $125 right now.
  • 1 Hide
    zooted , March 15, 2011 2:27 PM
    CleeveAbsolutely right! However, this often changes to fit the market after unreasonably high launch pricing. If the 550 Ti falls to within $10 of Radeon 5770 pricing it'd be viable. That's obviously not the case yet, though, and the Radeon 5770 is easily a better buy at $125 right now.
    The thing is, it was supposed to bridge the gap between the 460 and the 5770, but it performs way too close to the 5770 side of the spectrum.
  • 1 Hide
    cleeve , March 15, 2011 2:33 PM
    zootedThe thing is, it was supposed to bridge the gap between the 460 and the 5770, but it performs way too close to the 5770 side of the spectrum.


    To me, the point is price/performance. There's not really bad cards anymore, just bad prices.

    Launch pricing usually sucks, but the bottom line is if it settles close to the 5770 it's good, and if it costs close to a GTX 460 768MB its not. :) 
  • 0 Hide
    zooted , March 15, 2011 2:37 PM
    ^Fair enough
  • 1 Hide
    cyrusfox , March 15, 2011 2:48 PM
    sithtisGod i was thinking exactly the same... whats the point of that. a 460 768 cost around 140 and less noise less power better performance... i really really dont get it?6850 or 460 768 are the cards to get... here in Canada you can get a 5770 for less than 100$


    Yep, read anands review, pretty much said the same thing. Tom seems like you may be giving Nvidia a little too much leeway with this lackluster offering. 550 would make a great choice if it was $30-$50 cheaper. As it stands. it is a horrible offering and much better cards are available at that price.
  • 1 Hide
    megamanx00 , March 15, 2011 3:20 PM
    Considering the 5770 is as cheap as $119, it's gonna be tough for nVidia to price it too much higher.
  • 2 Hide
    ScrewySqrl , March 15, 2011 3:23 PM
    my guess is in 4-6 weeks, teh 550 will be about $125-130, and will be competitive at that price.

    right now the 450 is priced about like a 460SE, and performs similarly (the SE would pull ahead at 1920x1080 res, or with AA enabled because its wider memory bus (256 vs 192) and all same-speed RAM.
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