Like clockwork, Intel shrinks the structures of its processors every two years, and has already planned ahead as far as 2009. While 45 nm processors are only now set to enter the channel, the first prototypes of chips built on a 32 nm process are being tested in Intel's labs.
Beginning with the 45 nm technology, new materials need to be investigated that can be used in the production process. While it has thus far been possible to use the practically same materials across a variety of different processes, a new material now needs to be found for such small structures.
The 45 nm production process offers the following advantages over the 65 nm process:
- Almost twice as many transistors can fit onto the same chip area.
- Power consumption is reduced by about 30%.
This is in line with "Moore's Law", the prediction originally made by Gordon Moore that states that the number of transistors roughly doubles with each process generation.
At Intel's press event in Munich, each of the journalists present had the opportunity to hold a 300 mm wafer in his hands.
300 mm wafer with Penryn cores.
The Penryn core is smaller than a penny.
Intel's research on 32 nm structures is in full swing. Functional SRAM chips have been running in Intel's labs since September of this year.
- Revamping The Core 2 Architecture - New Flagship: Extreme QX9650
- New Dielectric Minimizes Leakage Currents
- 45 nm - Higher Yield, Smaller Die Area
- 12 MB L2 Cache And SSE 4
- The Processor - Intel Core 2 QX9650
- Overclocking I - 3.33 GHz
- Overclocking II - 3.66 GHz
- Overclocking III - 3.8 GHz
- Overclocking IV - 4 GHz At Very High Voltage
- Overclocking V - 4 GHz At FSB 1600
- Overclocking - Up To 19% More Performance
- Overclocking To 4.0 GHz - FSB1600 Offers No Advantage
- Sensational: Idle Power Consumption Of Only 3.79 Watts
- Very Good - 73 Watts For Four Cores
- Lower Core Voltage - 1.250 Volts
- Operating Temperature - 12°C Lower
- Penryn-Based Core 2 CPUs - Models, Prices, New Boxed Cooler
- New Boxed Cooler
- Performance Comparison - Old Vs. New - 6.9% Better Performance
- Test Setup
- Software Configuration
- Benchmarks And Settings
- 3D Games: UT2004, Prey
- 3D Games: Quake 4, Warhammer
- 3D Games: Supreme Commander, Serious Sam 2
- 3D Rendering: Cinema 4D, 3D-Studio Max
- Applications: AVG, WinRAR
- Applications: Photoshop, PDF
- Applications: Deep Fritz
- Audio Encoding: ITunes, Lame
- Synthetic: Sandra CPU
- Synthetic: Sandra Memory
- Synthetic: Sandra Multimedia
- Synthetic: PC-Mark
- Synthetic: 3D-Mark
- Video Encoding: Xvid, Pinnacle Studio
- Video Encoding: Premiere, MainConcept
- Video Encoding: HDTV, DivX
- Video Encoding: CloneDVD
- Conclusion: Less Noise, More Efficiency, More Speed and More Overclocking Potential