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CD And USB Installation Guide

Ubuntu 11.10 Review: Benchmarked Against Windows 7
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The installation procedure is mostly the same as it was in Ubuntu 11.04 'Natty Narwhal', with just a few changes to the graphics, an accessibility menu, and one new optional step. However, these articles attract a lot of new faces, so we can't everyone already has experience installing Ubuntu every six months. So, let's quickly recap the installation procedure.

First, choose which installation method you want to use: CD, USB stick, or Windows installer (we'll go into more depth on the Windows installer on the next page).

Ubuntu Download PageUbuntu Download Page

If you choose the CD or USB-based flash drive method, decide between the 32-bit or 64-bit versions. Let your hardware dictate this one. In other words, grab a 64-bit copy if you have more than three gigabytes of system memory.

Once the ISO file is done downloading, burn it to a CD using your favorite CD burning software or create a bootable flash drive. While there are multiple methods for getting an ISO file to boot from a USB stick, we prefer UNetbootin. This application works for most Linux distributions, is free and open source software (FOSS), and runs on all three major PC platforms (Windows, Mac OS X, and Linux).

Regardless of whether you burn a CD or create a bootable USB stick, the next step is to make sure your BIOS is set to boot from the right input device. If you burned a CD, you'll be greeted with the option to Try Ubuntu or Install Ubuntu.

CD Selection ScreenCD Selection Screen

Choosing Install Ubuntu begins the installation wizard. Choosing Try Ubuntu takes you to the live desktop environment. If, on the other hand, you went with UNetbootin and the USB-based media, you're automatically sent to the live desktop.

Ubuntu 11.10 Live DesktopUbuntu 11.10 Live Desktop

From there, you can start the installation wizard at any time from either the desktop or Launcher shortcuts labeled Install Ubuntu 11.10.

After language selection, the next step is to make sure your system has at least 4.5 GB of hard drive space and an active Internet connection. You may also choose to Download updates while installing Ubuntu and Install third-party software on this screen.

Installation: PreparationInstallation: Preparation

The updates are going to happen one way or another, either now or after the installation, so unless your Internet connection is tiered, taxed, or throttled, there's no reason not to get them out of the way. We highly recommend checking the box for third-party software as well. This includes codecs for MP3 and DVD playback, as well as Flash and other non-FOSS modern day necessities.

The next step is to determine how Ubuntu is installed. This page will be different depending on the what is currently on the drive targeted for installation. If the target drive is blank, the options will be to Erase disk and install Ubuntu or Something Else. If the drive has a copy of Windows (XP, Vista, or 7) installed on it, the options will be Install Ubuntu alongside Windows, Replace Windows with Ubuntu, or Something Else. If the drive already has an older version of Ubuntu installed (for instance, the most recent LTS release), the options will be Install Ubuntu 11.10 alongside Ubuntu 10.04.3 LTS, Upgrade Ubuntu 10.04.3 LTS to 11.10, Erase Ubuntu 10.04.3 LTS and reinstall, or Something Else.

Blank DriveBlank DriveWindows 7 InstalledWindows 7 InstalledUbuntu 10.04 LTS InstalledUbuntu 10.04 LTS Installed

These options are pretty self-explanatory. Choosing any of them except for Something Else results in a slider on the next screen that lets you decide how much space to allocate for the new Ubuntu installation.

Full Drive InstallationFull Drive InstallationDual Boot InstallationDual Boot Installation

Choosing Something Else opens the advanced partitioner.

Advanced Partition EditorAdvanced Partition Editor

From here, you can manually partition the drive, choose the file system, and assign mount points.

Next is the obligatory timezone selection, followed by keyboard layout.

Time Zone SelectionTime Zone SelectionKeyboard Layout SelectionKeyboard Layout Selection

Now it's time to fill out personal information. Inputting your full, real name in the Your name: field automatically populates the Your computer's name: field with the first name given and the motherboard or system model number of your PC. Likewise, the Pick a username: field defaults to the first name you entered in the Your name: field. However, all of these fields are independently configurable. A password must be chosen and confirmed (the strength of the password appears to the right of the Choose a password: field). Towards the bottom of the screen, there is the choice to Log in automatically or Require my password to login, as well as the option to Encrypt my home folder.

User Information - BlankUser Information - BlankUser Information - CompleteUser Information - Complete

If your system has an integrated or plugged-in webcam, a new extra step appears during installation. Here you can choose to take a photo of yourself using the device. This photo is used as your avatar throughout your newly-installed copy of Ubuntu 11.10. Alternatively, you can simply pick one of the pre-existing avatars. The selection here is the usual offerings: astronaut, butterfly, cat, dog, chess pieces, and so on.

User Photo/Avatar SelectionUser Photo/Avatar Selection

All there is left to do now is watch the installation slideshow and learn a little bit about Oneiric Ocelot in the process. The screenshot below contains all ten of the updated installation slides for anyone interested.

Ubuntu 11.10 Installation SlidesUbuntu 11.10 Installation Slides

Upon completion, the installer either forces you to restart or gives you the option to Continue testing in the live environment.

If you do not want to go over the procedure for the Windows installer, feel free to skip the next page.

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Top Comments
  • 27 Hide
    stm1185 , February 13, 2012 4:27 AM
    4870, gtx260, doom 3, did i time travel to 2008?
  • 24 Hide
    Gamer Dude , February 13, 2012 4:25 AM
    jasonpwnsThat's the problem, I've always considered Windows king for gaming, but after looking at Doom 3, and the performance boost over Windows 7. Are we sure we're developing for the right platform? I mean games on Linux theoretically would run a lot better.

    To bad Microsoft has a Monopoly on DX architecture.
  • 23 Hide
    Anonymous , February 13, 2012 4:12 AM
    Lol. I knew I was gonna see old games on the benchmarks, but all of them id Tech 4? Hahahah.
Other Comments
  • 21 Hide
    compton , February 13, 2012 3:24 AM
    The best part of 11.10 is the renewed appreciation it gave me for Windows 7.
  • 18 Hide
    Gamer Dude , February 13, 2012 3:57 AM
    comptonThe best part of 11.10 is the renewed appreciation it gave me for Windows 7.

    LOL that bad uh well at leased there is an alternative if the Sopa takes awake my ripped Window 8 copy LOL.
  • 21 Hide
    jasonpwns , February 13, 2012 4:01 AM
    That's the problem, I've always considered Windows king for gaming, but after looking at Doom 3, and the performance boost over Windows 7. Are we sure we're developing for the right platform? I mean games on Linux theoretically would run a lot better.
  • 15 Hide
    indian-art , February 13, 2012 4:05 AM
    Happy with the benchmarks. I feel Ubuntu 12.04 will be even better.

    Just around a couple of months for its launch!
  • 9 Hide
    malimbar , February 13, 2012 4:09 AM
    One major irrelevancy in beginning of the article: while Mint overtook Ubuntu in Distrowatch, it's nowhere near the actual userbase: http://www.omgubuntu.co.uk/2012/02/stats-show-ubuntu-not-losing-ground-to-linux-mint/

    Interesting article otherwise, and very well done. I particularly like how it highlights major areas that ubuntu developers need to work on, but still gives ubuntu as a OS credit where it deserves it. It's more worthwhile IMO to review LTS releases (and one is coming up soon), but in the meantime it's great to see where Ubuntu is right now.
  • 23 Hide
    Anonymous , February 13, 2012 4:12 AM
    Lol. I knew I was gonna see old games on the benchmarks, but all of them id Tech 4? Hahahah.
  • 24 Hide
    Gamer Dude , February 13, 2012 4:25 AM
    jasonpwnsThat's the problem, I've always considered Windows king for gaming, but after looking at Doom 3, and the performance boost over Windows 7. Are we sure we're developing for the right platform? I mean games on Linux theoretically would run a lot better.

    To bad Microsoft has a Monopoly on DX architecture.
  • 17 Hide
    nekromobo , February 13, 2012 4:26 AM
    Linux is only free if your time has no value.
  • 27 Hide
    stm1185 , February 13, 2012 4:27 AM
    4870, gtx260, doom 3, did i time travel to 2008?
  • -9 Hide
    Gamer Dude , February 13, 2012 4:31 AM
    rmpumperIf you did not notice, all of the 3 tested games are OpenGL which is barely supported in Win7. How about we see some DirectX9 10 and 11 games before making silly conclusions? And in any case, who gives a rat's ass about Doom3 - 7 year old awful game?

    You know what else Doom3 was a monumental achievement do be dissing John Carmack.
  • 22 Hide
    jimmysmitty , February 13, 2012 4:36 AM
    jasonpwnsThat's the problem, I've always considered Windows king for gaming, but after looking at Doom 3, and the performance boost over Windows 7. Are we sure we're developing for the right platform? I mean games on Linux theoretically would run a lot better.


    Sorry but those benchmarks for games are almost pointless. They are old games and the only reason they run on Linux is due to OpenGL. I do wonder though why RAGE was not tested, as its OpenGL. Maybe it didn't work since its a much newer engine using a much newer OGL standard. Or maybe it just didn't show Ubuntu doing very well.

    Windows is still the king of games since the majority of the games out there are DX based, not OGL.

    And from my experience with Ubuntu, 11.04, the 64Bit version is not stable enough and its finicky with ATI GPUs. Had to buld a system for a customer and with 64Bit, it would just flicker as well on 32bit with a HD6450. Had to swap to a nVidia GT210 on 32Bit to get it stable. And then to enable multi monitor support, that was another nightmare. You still have to do everything via a shell prompt with the X (X meaning the GUI) disabled to install the drivers. And thats just the start, If it goes well, you are in business, if not you may just reboot to a shell prompt and no GUI. Or at least thats what happened to me. Had to reinstall Ubuntu over it to get the GUI then reinstall nVidias drivers. Luckilly third time was the charm and it worked.

    Ubuntu has its place, but for the majority of consumers its not the best option as it takes more technical knowledge to operate it efficiently. Windows is for the majority who just need a system to do what they need. Or Android.

    For now I will stick with Windows 7 and enjoy my games.

    I would have liked to see this done on an SSD too.

    Gamer DudeDX11 sucks and its in few games and the ones it is even in mostly run like ass with terrible codding and patch jobs plus The Witcher 2 looks better than any DX11 game.


    I disagree. DX11 is actually faster than DX9, when coded properly. Its been shown. Add in the Tesselation, which DX9 cannot do, and its a great setup. Just wait till the games start doing it more in DX11. It will get better.
  • 7 Hide
    sseyler , February 13, 2012 4:41 AM
    nekromoboLinux is only free if your time has no value.


    Or if you can save a huge amount of money (compilers come to mind) by getting free Linux software, or if you know what you're doing and it doesn't really take that much time, or if what you can do with Linux outweighs the cost in time that it takes to set up and run Linux, or...
  • -3 Hide
    Gamer Dude , February 13, 2012 4:45 AM
    jimmysmittySorry but those benchmarks for games are almost pointless. They are old games and the only reason they run on Linux is due to OpenGL. I do wonder though why RAGE was not tested, as its OpenGL. Maybe it didn't work since its a much newer engine using a much newer OGL standard. Or maybe it just didn't show Ubuntu doing very well.Windows is still the king of games since the majority of the games out there are DX based, not OGL.And from my experience with Ubuntu, 11.04, the 64Bit version is not stable enough and its finicky with ATI GPUs. Had to buld a system for a customer and with 64Bit, it would just flicker as well on 32bit with a HD6450. Had to swap to a nVidia GT210 on 32Bit to get it stable. And then to enable multi monitor support, that was another nightmare. You still have to do everything via a shell prompt with the X (X meaning the GUI) disabled to install the drivers. And thats just the start, If it goes well, you are in business, if not you may just reboot to a shell prompt and no GUI. Or at least thats what happened to me. Had to reinstall Ubuntu over it to get the GUI then reinstall nVidias drivers. Luckilly third time was the charm and it worked.Ubuntu has its place, but for the majority of consumers its not the best option as it takes more technical knowledge to operate it efficiently. Windows is for the majority who just need a system to do what they need. Or Android.For now I will stick with Windows 7 and enjoy my games.I would have liked to see this done on an SSD too.I disagree. DX11 is actually faster than DX9, when coded properly. Its been shown. Add in the Tesselation, which DX9 cannot do, and its a great setup. Just wait till the games start doing it more in DX11. It will get better.

    When coded proper DX11 can be faster if it was implemented for performance enhancements and not graphical enhancements but mostly the devs have botched DX11 up in most circumstances DX9 performed better and can still look the dickens The Witcher 2 case in point. DX 11 will be allot better and come into its own only when the next gen of DX11 enabled console arrive in another 50years.
  • -9 Hide
    Gamer Dude , February 13, 2012 4:45 AM
    Gamer DudeYou know what else Doom3 was a monumental achievement dont be dissing John Carmack.

  • 12 Hide
    adamovera , February 13, 2012 4:53 AM
    hotsacomanLol. I knew I was gonna see old games on the benchmarks, but all of them id Tech 4? Hahahah.

    That's the best of what runs natively on Linux. OilRush is out, but has no benchmarking tools, so we have the three Ungine benchmarks. Hopefully, Postal 3 (Source engine) and Rage will be available later this year. Amnesia is also available for Linux, but it isn't really a benchmark-type of game.
  • 8 Hide
    adamovera , February 13, 2012 4:55 AM
    rmpumperIf you did not notice, all of the 3 tested games are OpenGL which is barely supported in Win7. How about we see some DirectX9 10 and 11 games before making silly conclusions? And in any case, who gives a rat's ass about Doom3 - 7 year old awful game?

    On Windows we ran the Unigine tests in OpenGL AND DirectX. Linux doesn't do DirectX.
  • 15 Hide
    wildkitten , February 13, 2012 4:56 AM
    jasonpwnsThat's the problem, I've always considered Windows king for gaming, but after looking at Doom 3, and the performance boost over Windows 7. Are we sure we're developing for the right platform? I mean games on Linux theoretically would run a lot better.

    Except which distro do game developers supports?

    A lot of game developers actually tried doing Linux versions a few years ago. The problem they ran into was there was enough variation between each distro, they almost each distro had to be supported, so they gave up shortly after they started supporting it because there simply was not enough customers to be able to do so much support.
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