SilverStone SX600-G SFX Power Supply Review

Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time And Inrush Current

Test Setup

Isolation Transformer
3 KVA
AC Source
Chroma 61604 (2 KVA)
Power Meter
Yokogawa WT210 Power Analyzer
Electronic Loads
2x Chroma 6314A Mainframes
6x 63123A (350W each)
1x 63122A (2x 100W)
1x 63101A (200W)
Oscilloscopes
Rigol DS2072A, 2x Picoscope 3424, Rigol VS5042, Stingray DS1M12
Multimeters
Fluke 298 & 175, Keithley 2015 THD
Thermocouple Data Logger
Picotech TC-08 (eight channels)
Sound Analyzer
Brüel & Kjær 2250-L G4
Type 4189 microscope
(16.6-140 dB[A]-weighted dynamic range)
Infrared Camera
FLIR E4 (modified to E8, 320x240 resolution)
Anechoic Chamber
Custom-made soundproofed with be Quiet! Noise Absorber Kit
Thermal Chamber
Custom-made equipped with automatically-controlled (through software) heating elements
Software
Custom-made application that includes monitoring, control and logging functions

All measurements are performed using two Chroma 6314A mainframes equipped with the following electronic loads: six 63123A (350 W each), one 63102A (100 W x2) and one 63101A (200W). The aforementioned equipment is able to deliver 2500W of load, and all loads are controlled by custom-made software (Faganas ATE). We also use a Rigol DS2072A oscilloscope, a Picoscope 3424 oscilloscope, a Picotech TC-08 thermocouple data logger, two Fluke multimeters (289 and 175), a Keithley 2015 THD 6.5-digit bench DMM and a Yokogawa WT210 power meter. In addition, we include a wooden box, which, along with some heating elements, we used as a hot box. Moreover, we have at our disposal three more oscilloscopes (Rigol VS5042, Stingray DS1M12 and a second Picoscope 3424) and a Class 1 Brüel & Kjær 2250-L G4  Sound Analyzer, which is equipped with a type 4189 microphone that features a 16.6-140 dB(A)-weighted dynamic range. Finally, the latest addition in our testing gear is a FLIR E4 infrared camera, which, through some firmware modifications (many thanks to the fine folks at EEVblog's forums for this) is now able to deliver 320x240 resolution.

We conduct all of our tests at 40 °C to 45 °C ambient temperature to more accurately simulate the environment seen inside a typical system, with the range being derived from a standard ambient assumption of 23 °C, and 17 to 22 °C added for the typical temperature rise within a system.

Primary Rails Load Regulation

The following charts show the voltage values of the main rails, recorded over a range from 40 W to the maximum specified load, and the deviation (in percent) for the same load range.

5VSB Regulation

The following chart shows how the 5VSB rail deals with the load we throw at it.

Hold-Up Time

Hold-up time is an important PSU characteristic; it represents the amount of time, usually measured in milliseconds, that a PSU can maintain output regulations as defined by the ATX spec without input power. In other words, it is the amount of time the system can continue to run without shutting down or rebooting during a power interruption. The ATX specification sets the minimum hold-up time to 16ms with the maximum continuous output load.

In the following screenshot, the blue line is the mains signal and the yellow line is the "Power Good" signal. The latter is de-asserted to a low state when any of the +12V, 5V or 3.3V output voltages fall below the under-voltage threshold, or after the mains power has been removed for a sufficiently long time to guarantee that the PSU cannot operate anymore.

The registered hold-up time meets the ATX spec's requirements, although we suspected that the small bulk capacitor would pose a problem here.

Inrush Current

Inrush current or switch-on surge refers to the maximum, instantaneous input current drawn by an electrical device when it is first turned on. Because of the APFC capacitor's charging current, PSUs produce large inrush current right as they are turned on. This can trip circuit breakers and fuses, and may also damage switches, relays and bridge rectifiers. As a result, the lower the inrush current of a PSU right as it is turned on, the better.

The registered inrush current is pretty low with 115 V and significantly higher at 230 V, though still on the low side.

Load Regulation And Efficiency Measurements

The first set of tests reveals the stability of the voltage rails and the PSU's efficiency. The applied load equals (approximately) 10 percent to 105 percent of the maximum load the supply can handle, in increments of 10 percentage points.

We conducted two additional tests. In the first metric, we stressed the two minor rails (5V and 3.3V) with a high load while the load at +12V was only 0.10 A. This test reveals whether the PSU is Haswell-ready or not. In the second test, we determined the maximum load the +12V rail could handle while the load on the minor rails was minimal. 

Test
12V
(A/V)
5V
(A/V)
3.3V
(A/V)
5VSB
(A/V)
DC/AC
(W)
Efficiency
(%)
Fan Speed
(RPM)
Noise
dB(A)
In/Out
(°C)
PF/AC
(V)
1
3.151
1.993
1.970
0.995
59.75
81.44
1660
34.8
37.46
0.955
12.112
5.015
3.349
5.020
73.37
42.04115.1
2
7.350
2.988
2.964
1.195
119.71
88.15
1725
35.8
38.080.982
13.093
5.005
3.338
5.004
135.80
42.79115.0
3
11.912
3.506
3.480
1.400
179.87
89.37
1930
38.8
40.150.983
12.071
4.994
3.330
4.989
201.27
45.01115.0
4
16.482
4.013
3.975
1.605
239.75
89.93
2175
39.2
40.750.989
12.048
4.984
3.318
4.973
266.61
46.33115.0
5
20.725
5.024
4.986
1.815
299.68
89.92
2400
42.3
41.370.992
12.025
4.970
3.308
4.956
333.27
48.00114.9
6
24.988
6.046
6.005
2.020
359.68
89.66
2635
45.4
42.240.993
12.003
4.959
3.296
4.940
401.14
49.63114.8
7
29.264
7.069
7.029
2.231
419.59
89.20
2845
49.6
43.310.994
11.979
4.946
3.285
4.923
470.38
51.49114.8
8
33.567
8.107
8.063
2.445
479.67
88.65
3230
50.2
44.310.995
11.955
4.933
3.274
4.903
541.11
53.41114.7
9
38.317
8.633
8.607
2.450
539.69
88.07
3390
52.2
44.480.995
11.930
4.922
3.264
4.892
612.78
54.53114.7
10
43.046
9.164
91.28
2.560
599.60
87.42
3535
53.2
45.010.995
11.904
4.910
3.253
4.878
68.87
55.7114.7
11
46.623
9.169
9.146
2.561
629.58
87.26
3535
53.2
45.250.995
11.889
4.906
3.248
4.874
721.48
56.24114.6
CL1
0.099
11.012
11.005
0.004
92.77
83.96
2930
50.0
42.240.976
12.117
4.988
3.328
5.014
110.49
50.37115.2
CL2
45.954
1.002
1.003
1.002
607.43
88.00
3330
51.6
44.630.995
11.899
4.931
3.277
4.936
690.27
55.04114.7

Before we start commenting on the results, we should remind you that this is an SFX-based unit, so it cannot be compared directly to standard ATX PSUs. Roomy dimensions allow for bigger components that are more suitable for higher loads. We see the +12V rail stay within two percent, a satisfactory result, while the minor rails perform decently. We would have liked the 3.3V rail to demonstrate lower than three-percent deviation, though.

With regard to efficiency, the small SilverStone supply clears the 80 PLUS Gold requirements, even though we tested at a higher ambient temperature than the 80 PLUS organization. Our most significant criticism is the excess noise that the small fan generates as it tries to keep up with heat output. We did push the SX600-G to its limits, and the outcome was definitely loud. Normally, we overload PSUs under test at 110 percent of their maximum-rated capacity. However, in this case, we noticed a prominent high-pitched noise coming out of the PSU, so we decided to perform the overload test with 105 percent load instead. It's hard to be overly picky with an SFX unit that already delivers 600W of power.

This thread is closed for comments
14 comments
    Your comment
  • Dark Lord of Tech
    Price is a little high.
  • Onus
    The price is a little high.
    I'm not sure I agree with such high ratings of some of the Corsair units, with as many failures as they apparently experience within the first year. It also doesn't bode well for the poor capacitors in this Silverstone either. So far though, at this level, there is no other choice.
  • damric
    The review was perfect this time, Aris. My only nitpick is the graphs are hard to read.

    Well done.

    As far as the PSU itself, I was turned off by the 40C max operating temp fan kicks up at 45... bah... If they would have used better caps then temp could easily been rated for 50C.
  • David Dewis
    I wanna use this to run a GTX 980 in the Silverstone RVZ02 with a i5-4670 (non K) That is all.
  • g-unit1111
    Nice to see that manufacturers are starting to take small form factor builds seriously. I especially like the direction that Silverstone is going in. First the RVZ02B now high quality SFF power supplies. Wave of the future?
  • DarkSable
    This is a wonderful power supply, if you aren't pushing it altogether too hard.

    @David Dewis, go look at the Sandia Cooler. When you're done lusting after that, look at the Id-cooling Is-vc45 Vapor Chamber CPU Cooler... which you can buy right now and use to overclock an i5 in the new Raven just fine. I've got my media PC in an RVZ01 with a Pentium anniversary edition overclocked to heck, and it does just fine. (I can't wait for the RVZ02 to put my gaming rig in and run watercooling out the back.)
  • DarkSable
    That being said. Tom's. What are you doing.

    Silverstone just released the SX500-LG, which is a very slightly longer (130mm) SFX-profile power supply that fits a 120mm fan on top, instead of a dinky, noisy 80mm fan. That's the power supply that I want to see a review of!
  • g-unit1111
    933870 said:
    (I can't wait for the RVZ02 to put my gaming rig in and run watercooling out the back.)


    I very badly want a RVZ02, it will make a nice home for my old i5-3570K. :lol:
  • Grognak
    52dB and more than 25 idle... "Tiny box that makes a lot of noise" isn't my definition of SFF.
  • Aris_Mp
    I will ask for the SX-500LG, however I have many samples to process till its turn comes to hit the test bench. Unfortunately a full PSU review needs lots of time and I won't do rushed reviews.
  • Geoff C
    I converted my i7 920 (ATX Mobo) and 7970 to an SFF case 12"x17"x4" last year and have been powering it off of Silverstone's previous SFX450 - I know I'm pushing the power supply long and hard (and when gaming and taxing the CPU and GPU the PSU fan also really spins up).

    Any way to compare/contrast the SFX450 vs the 600? I know its an extra $130 but I'm tempted to upgrade the PSU in the next 6 months just because I know I'm taxing it by running it so hard...
  • warmon6
    @Grognak,

    Good thing SFF means "small form factor" and not "Low Noise Form Factor" :lol:
  • Aris_Mp
    @Geoff C

    You can read the review of the SFX450 below. It was made with the same equipment so the results are comparable.

    http://www.techpowerup.com/reviews/Silverstone/ST45SF-G/
  • arossetti
    I have this PSU in an NCase M1 V2. I've never experienced and issue with it and to me it's dead silent. It's a little on the pricey side but for my case it was really the only option for building as high performance ITX build with the NCase.