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Gigabyte UD1000GM PG5 Review: The First PCIe Gen 5 Compatible PSU

The Gigabyte UD1000GM PG5 is the first PSU available on the market with a 12+4 pin PCIe connector.

Gigabyte UD1000GM PG5
(Image: © Shutterstock, Tom's Hardware)

Advanced Transient Response Tests

For details about our transient response testing, please click here.

In the real world, power supplies are always working with loads that change. It's of immense importance, then, for the PSU to keep its rails within the ATX specification's defined ranges. The smaller the deviations, the more stable your PC will be with less stress applied to its components. 

We should note that the ATX spec requires capacitive loading during the transient rests, but in our methodology, we also choose to apply a worst case scenario with no additional capacitance on the rails. 

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 20ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.020V11.837V1.52%Pass
5V5.078V4.962V2.29%Pass
3.3V3.329V3.185V4.32%Pass
5VSB5.029V4.987V0.84%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 10ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.023V11.786V1.97%Pass
5V5.078V4.960V2.32%Pass
3.3V3.329V3.191V4.16%Pass
5VSB5.029V4.977V1.03%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 1ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.023V11.789V1.94%Pass
5V5.077V4.995V1.61%Pass
3.3V3.329V3.176V4.60%Pass
5VSB5.029V4.972V1.14%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 20ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.003V11.912V0.76%Pass
5V5.056V4.940V2.29%Pass
3.3V3.309V3.156V4.64%Pass
5VSB5.008V4.964V0.89%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 10ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.005V11.906V0.82%Pass
5V5.056V4.936V2.38%Pass
3.3V3.309V3.168V4.27%Pass
5VSB5.008V4.954V1.08%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 1ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.005V11.906V0.83%Pass
5V5.056V4.952V2.06%Pass
3.3V3.309V3.162V4.44%Pass
5VSB5.008V4.947V1.22%Pass

With our usual transient loads, the 12V and 5V rails perform well. On the contrary, the minor rails have high voltage drops. Still, they pass all tests. 

Advanced Transient Response Tests - ATX v3.0

The Intel ATX v3.0 spec, besides the 12VHPWR connector, also introduced new requirements for transient response testing. You can read more on our ATX v3.0 analysis. So we have to conduct extra transient response tests in the new generation PSUs to check if they meet the ATX v3.0 requirements. 

With the extra capacitance applied, in the 200% transient test, the 12V rail doesn't drop below 11.04V on the PCIe connectors, and the same goes for the lighter 120% transient test. The minor rails are also within the allowed 5% deviation, with the extra capacitance. 

We couldn't run the 180% and 160% transient tests, where the transient load is applied for 1ms and 10ms, respectively, since the PSU kept on shutting down with or without the extra capacitance. This is an issue that shouldn't be happening, according to the ATX v3.0 requirements, but since this is the first PSU with PCIe 5.0 compatibility that we evaluate, we will wait to have more data to draw a solid conclusion. 

Turn-On Transient Tests

In the next set of tests, we measure the PSU's response in simpler transient load scenarios—during its power-on phase. Ideally, we don't want to see any voltage overshoots or spikes since those put a lot of stress on the DC-DC converters of installed components.

We noticed a small step and a tiny voltage overshoot at 5VSB. During the last 12V test, there is also a small voltage step close to the slope's peak. All in all, the performance is good enough in these tests. 

Power Supply Timing Tests

There are several signals generated by the power supply, which need to be within specified, by the ATX spec, ranges. If they are not, there can be compatibility issues with other system parts, especially mainboards. From year 2020, the PSU's Power-on time (T1) has to be lower than 150ms and the PWR_OK delay (T3) from 100 to 150ms, to be compatible with the Alternative Sleep Mode.

PSU Timings Table
T1 (Power-on time) & T3 (PWR_OK delay)
LoadT1T3
20%58ms136ms
100%58ms136ms

The PWR_OK delay is within the 100-150ms region, so the PSU supports the alternative sleep mode recommended by the ATX spec.

Ripple Measurements

Ripple represents the AC fluctuations (periodic) and noise (random) found in the PSU's DC rails. This phenomenon significantly decreases the capacitors' lifespan because it causes them to run hotter. A 10-degree Celsius increase can cut into a cap's useful life by 50%. Ripple also plays an important role in overall system stability, especially when overclocking is involved.

The ripple limits, according to the ATX specification, are 120mV (+12V) and 50mV (5V, 3.3V, and 5VSB).

Test12V5V3.3V5VSBPass/Fail
10% Load8.0 mV10.3 mV11.5 mV4.9 mVPass
20% Load18.2 mV10.4 mV10.8 mV5.5 mVPass
30% Load10.8 mV10.2 mV11.2 mV6.1 mVPass
40% Load10.2 mV11.3 mV11.9 mV7.1 mVPass
50% Load10.4 mV12.0 mV16.0 mV11.3 mVPass
60% Load10.7 mV12.8 mV12.5 mV8.8 mVPass
70% Load10.5 mV13.5 mV12.6 mV14.5 mVPass
80% Load11.0 mV13.6 mV14.1 mV12.5 mVPass
90% Load11.3 mV13.2 mV13.8 mV11.8 mVPass
100% Load15.2 mV14.7 mV15.9 mV15.3 mVPass
110% Load15.5 mV17.2 mV18.1 mV15.3 mVPass
Crossload 19.4 mV12.1 mV12.6 mV6.2 mVPass
Crossload 28.0 mV11.0 mV11.3 mV5.6 mVPass
Crossload 39.0 mV10.0 mV13.3 mV5.4 mVPass
Crossload 415.2 mV13.8 mV14.3 mV13.8 mVPass

Ripple suppression is not bad or mediocre, but the competition is notably better at 12V and 5V. 

Ripple At Full Load

Ripple At 110% Load

Ripple At Cross-Load 1

Ripple At Cross-Load 4

EMC Pre-Compliance Testing – Average & Quasi-Peak EMI Detector Results

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) is the ability of a device to operate properly in its environment without disrupting the proper operation of other nearby devices.

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) stands for the electromagnetic energy a device emits, and it can cause problems in other nearby devices if too high. For example, it can cause increased static noise in your headphones or/and speakers.

΅We use TekBox's EMCview to conduct our EMC pre-compliance testing.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Some peaks exceed the limits with the average EMI detector, but everything looks good with the peak EMI detector. 

MORE: Best Power Supplies

MORE: How We Test Power Supplies

MORE: All Power Supply Content

Aris Mpitziopoulos
Aris Mpitziopoulos

Aris Mpitziopoulos is a Contributing Editor at Tom's Hardware US, covering PSUs.

  • Tom Sunday
    Greetings from LA. I love the idea in buying one of these when the time or my ship finally arrives! Another new PSU. Out with the old and in with the new! But when I 'tanked-up' this early morning at $7.95 per gallon in Beverly Center…I did not even have enough cash in completely filling-up! Next payday is a week away! Even my daily lunchbox meal increased by about 50% and I already gave-up drinking Mountain Dew all-together. Before all of this inflation mess started I regularly came to visit most of the major tech-channels to dream about all of the fine and newly proffered hardware. About the absolute "must haves." It appears that my dreams are now over and perhaps a nightmare is settling-in for the man on the street like me! I cannot help thinking that there must be many more people like me in the same boat facing a new reality!
    Reply
  • Udyr
    So this is a 4 star product with 1, 2, 3, 4... 12 cons?

    The cons are somewhat consistent with the review on TPU, but over there it was not a recommended product.

    Maybe there's something more my ignorant self is not seeing here.
    Reply
  • DRagor
    Udyr said:
    So this is a 4 star product with 1, 2, 3, 4... 12 cons?
    The Gigabyte UD1000GM PG5 is the first PSU available with a 12+4 pin PCIe connector, so practically, it doesn't have any competitors yet.
    How it was? In the land of blind one eyed is a king?
    Reply
  • WrongRookie
    No thanks. I'd rather wait for Seasonic do one than get another one that could end up exploding
    Reply
  • Udyr
    DRagor said:
    How it was? In the land of blind one eyed is a king?
    I understand the reference, but in this case, a unit with these many downsides doesn't justify a recommendation, unless there's something else besides being the only one available (for now).
    Reply
  • thisisaname
    Udyr said:
    So this is a 4 star product with 1, 2, 3, 4... 12 cons?

    The cons are somewhat consistent with the review on TPU, but over there it was not a recommended product.

    Maybe there's something more my ignorant self is not seeing here.
    Some of the positives are not that great either.
    +Full power at 47 degrees Celsius
    +Most protection features are properly set
    Reply
  • watzupken
    Once beaten, twice shy. After the shady practice and persistent denial of critical flaws with their product by Gigabyte, even if this is a 5 stars PSU, I will not bother to consider it. There are much better options out there. I rather pay more than to deal with shady companies. In my opinion, it is not the product that we need to be mindful because every company will at some point produce bad product. It is how they take steps to resolve the issue and maintain that goodwill. Gigabyte basically burned that goodwill in the PSU fiasco. So no more Gigabyte products for me since the company can’t be bothered.
    Reply
  • Tom Sunday
    A few thoughts to catch-up! Most of the PSU’s are made by a small group of manufacturers, and resellers simply buy those manufacturers PSU's and then rebrand them as their own products. I usually buy SeaSonic because pure and simple they are a manufacturer. They make all their own PSU’s and sell them to consumers besides the best RMA service in the industry! So going with a SeaSonic PSU is almost certainly to be a safe bet. I also found that resellers generally offer three to five-year warrenties on their PSU's, and Seasonic offers in many cases five to twelve-year waranties. This alone tells the story and in how much confidence the reseller usually has towards its selected manufacturer.

    In turn CORSAIR as an example is a true reseller, not a manufacturer. This can be a big deal. They buy their PSU’s from their original manufacturers so the quality of their products ultimately depends on their original manufacturers or perhaps those manufacturers which returned the lowest fabrication bid on a large CORSAIR factory order. It can be difficult to find out where CORSAIR’s PSU’s come from as CORSAIR has routinely been using 3-5 different manufacturers and in diffrent countries. In time likes these where high wattage and or premium PSU’s (1200W-1600W) may easily exceed $400 plus to especially feed the upcoming 4000 series GPU craze, picking the right PSU becomes important! As one of the dealers at the recent computer show noted: “SeaSonic principally specializes in PSU’s while CORSAIR markets and sells hundreds of different products. “Go take your pick!”
    Reply