How to Screen Record in Windows 10 or Windows 11

Xbox Gamebar Screen Recording in Windows 11
(Image credit: Future)

If a picture is worth a thousand words, then a video is worth a million. Whether you're showing someone how to perform a task in an important application or you want to show off your gaming process, screen recording in Windows is a great way to do it.

Windows 10 and Windows 11 both have screen recording capability built-in as part of the Xbox Game Bar tool, and using it is extremely easy, even if you want to capture your activity in a non-gaming app. However, Game Bar has some limitations, including the fact that it can only screen record one app at a time and not the whole screen, so use another method such as OBS for screen recording if you're doing something more complex than just capturing one application at a time. 

Below, we'll show you how to record your screen in Windows 10 or Windows 11, using both the Xbox Game Bar and OBS. If all you need is a still image, see our article on how to take a screenshot in Windows 11.

Record the Windows Screen with Xbox Game Bar

Built into both Windows 11 and Windows 10, the Xbox Game Bar has a number of features, including CPU and GPU monitoring. However, its most useful feature is its ability to screen record in Windows, outputting to MP4 format. 

XBox Gme Bar works  as well in other applications such as Chrome as it does in Games, but it only works within a single application at a time and cannot capture the Windows desktop or File Explorer. So, if you want to show someone how to do a task involving multiple programs -- for example, programming a web page in a code editor and then viewing it in a browser -- you would need to grab multiple videos. And if you want to show them how to do anything in the Windows 11 or 10 UI, such as using the Start menu, you can't. For those activities, you should use another tool such as OBS, which we'll show you how to screen record with later in this article.

1. Click into the app you wish to record. 

2. Hit the Windows Key + Alt + R to start screen recording. A small recording widget showing how long you've been recording appears somewhere on the screen, most likely in a corner. You can also get here by launching the Xbox Gamebar (Windows Key + G) and then finding the capture widget, but the keyboard shortcut is much simpler.

(Image credit: Future)

3. Perform whatever actions you want and use your microphone to record audio. You can also mute the mic if you don't want to capture any sound.

4. Hit the Windows Key + Alt + R again to stop screen recording. You can also hit the stop button on the widget You will get an alert that says "Game clip recorded. If you click on it, you will go into the Gallery section of the Gamebar app and be able to preview the video you captured. You can also find the MP4 file you recorded under your Videos/Captures folder. 

Game clip recorded

(Image credit: Future)

Configuring Xbox Gamebar Screen Recording

While the default settings are probably fine for most people, there are a few options you can change.

1. Navigate to Settings->Gaming->Captures.

Navigate to Gaming->Captures

(Image credit: Future)

2. Change any of the following settings. Note that though they use the word "game," the settings should apply to any app you record whether it's a game or not.

  • Record what happened (Win 11) / Background Recording (Win 10): this creates a 30-second (or greater if you change the settings) buffer of automatically recorded content. So if you are playing a game and just had an epic kill, you can hit Windows key + G to launch game bar and you can save the 30 seconds that just passed, even though you weren't actively screen recording it. Note that the name of this setting is different in Windows 11 than 10, but the feature is the same.

Record what just happened

(Image credit: Future)
  • Max recording length: The amount of time after which screen recording will automatically shut off. I recommend leaving this at the default two hours.
  • Capture audio when recording a game: By default, this records the sounds from your mic and the game itself, but excludes background sounds from Windows or your other apps. You can disable the audio recording entirely or enable it to record system sounds or change the balance.

Capture audio

(Image credit: Future)
  • Video frame rate: defaults to 30 fps, but you can change it to 60 fps.
  • Video quality: choose standard or high.
  • Capture mouse cursor when recording a game: I recommend leaving this enabled, particularly if you are recording an app that is not a game.

Recording the Whole Screen with OBS Studio

The biggest drawback to using the Xbox Gamebar to screen record Windows is that it can only work with one app at a time and will not show the desktop or File Explorer. To capture your entire desktop and all the windows on it, you need a third-party app and, while there are many, we like OBS Studio for this purpose.

OBS Studio is very popular in the game streaming community because it's free and great at broadcasting games out to Twitch and other sites. However, you can also use OBS to record the entire screen in Windows 11 and save it as an MP4 file, without ever streaming what you do.

1. Download, install and launch OBS Studio. When you launch OBS for the first time, if you haven't already, you will be asked whether you want to optimize it for streaming or recording only. If you don't plan to stream, choose "Optimize just for recording."

Optimize OBS for Recording

(Image credit: Future)

You will also be asked for the base resolution (aka canvas resolution) and frame rate. We recommend choosing the resolution of the screen you plan to capture (it may default to 1080p). If you use a higher resolution screen to capture from than your canvas size, you will not be capturing the full screen.

If, like me, you have a multimonitor set up with different screens of different resolutions, you can always change the canvas size again later.

OBS Studio Base Resolution

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

2. Click the Plus icon under Sources to add a new source.

Add a source under OBS

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

3. Select Display Capture.

Select Display Capture

(Image credit: Future)

4. Click Ok on the dialog box that pops up. You can give the source a name other than Display Capture if you'd like.

Click Ok

(Image credit: Future)

5. Choose a display and click Ok. If you have more than one monitor, this would allow you to have OBS on one screen while recording the activity on another. If you have only one monitor, there's only one choice.

Choose a Display

(Image credit: Future)

If the display exceeds the bounds of your OBS canvas -- for example, you are capturing a 4K display but you have a 1920 x 1080 base resolution --  your capture will be cut off. Fix the problem, by going to File->Settings->Video and changing the base resolution there. You can also set the output resolution here. If the base resolution is higher than the output (a 1080p output of a 4K screen), OBS will scale the output down but still keep everything in the frame.

OBS Change Base resolution

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

6. Mute the desktop and  / or microphone audio if you don't want either or both of those sounds captured. By default, OBS will capture audio from any applications running on your computer and from your default audio input device. To quiet those, you just click on the speaker icons in the audio mixer. 

Mute audio sources

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

7. Click the Start Recording button in the lower right corner of the screen. Remember that if you didn't mute the microphone or desktop audio, it will record whatever noise you or the computer makes.

Click Start Recording

(Image credit: Future)

8. Minimize OBS if you are screen recording from the same monitor that OBS is on.

9. Click Stop Recording in OBS when you are finished.

Click Stop Recording

(Image credit: Future)

By default, your screen recording videos will be located in the Windows 11 (or 10) Videos folder. They are stored, by default, in the .mkv file format. However, you can change the output to MP4 or MOV files by going to the Settings->Output menu in OBS.

Avram Piltch is Tom's Hardware's editor-in-chief. When he's not playing with the latest gadgets at work or putting on VR helmets at trade shows, you'll find him rooting his phone, taking apart his PC or coding plugins. With his technical knowledge and passion for testing, Avram developed many real-world benchmarks, including our laptop battery test.
  • Blackink
    OBS is a terrific software, been using it for years for recording my stock trades.
    I then use ShotCut for editing the OBS videos.
    Both are free to download.
    Reply
  • kerberos_20
    just found out, mine win 11 doesnt have game bar screen recording...its missing from settings and gamebar has it greyed out and bcastdvr.exe is missing in system32 :/
    Reply