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Corsair TX550M Power Supply Review

The TX550M is another good PSU by Corsair.

Corsair TX550M
(Image: © Tom's Hardware)

Advanced Transient Response Tests

For details about our transient response testing, please click here.

In the real world, power supplies are always working with loads that change. It's of immense importance, then, for the PSU to keep its rails within the ATX specification's defined ranges. The smaller the deviations, the more stable your PC will be with less stress applied to its components. 

We should note that the ATX spec requires capacitive loading during the transient rests, but in our methodology, we also choose to apply a worst case scenario with no additional capacitance on the rails. 

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 20ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V11.988V11.710V2.32%Pass
5V4.977V4.864V2.26%Pass
3.3V3.285V3.118V5.08%Fail
5VSB5.034V4.983V1.01%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 10ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V11.986V11.747V1.99%Pass
5V4.977V4.860V2.35%Pass
3.3V3.285V3.117V5.11%Fail
5VSB5.034V4.978V1.11%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 1ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V11.984V11.720V2.20%Pass
5V4.976V4.867V2.19%Pass
3.3V3.284V3.120V5.00%Fail
5VSB5.034V4.983V1.01%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 20ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V11.953V11.770V1.53%Pass
5V4.973V4.856V2.36%Pass
3.3V3.281V3.107V5.31%Fail
5VSB5.019V4.964V1.10%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 10ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V11.950V11.792V1.32%Pass
5V4.972V4.851V2.44%Pass
3.3V3.280V3.106V5.30%Fail
5VSB5.019V4.966V1.07%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 1ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V11.948V11.827V1.01%Pass
5V4.972V4.852V2.42%Pass
3.3V3.279V3.102V5.39%Fail
5VSB5.019V4.950V1.37%Pass

Transient response is not so tight at 12V. The 3.3V rail also performs terribly, failing in all tests. On the contrary, the 5V and 5VSB perform well in these tests. 

Turn-On Transient Tests

In the next set of tests, we measure the PSU's response in simpler transient load scenarios—during its power-on phase. Ideally, we don't want to see any voltage overshoots or spikes since those put a lot of stress on the DC-DC converters of installed components.

With only exception a small step at 5VSB, performance is good here. 

Power Supply Timing Tests

There are several signals generated by the power supply, which need to be within specified, by the ATX spec, ranges. If they are not, there can be compatibility issues with other system parts, especially mainboards. From year 2020, the PSU's Power-on time (T1) has to be lower than 150ms and the PWR_OK delay (T3) from 100 to 150ms, to be compatible with the Alternative Sleep Mode.

PSU Timings Table
T1 (Power-on time) & T3 (PWR_OK delay)
LoadT1T3
20%39ms127ms
100%40ms127ms

The PWR_OK delay is within the 100-150ms region, so the PSU supports the alternative low power modes, recommended by the ATX spec.

Ripple Measurements

Ripple represents the AC fluctuations (periodic) and noise (random) found in the PSU's DC rails. This phenomenon significantly decreases the capacitors' lifespan because it causes them to run hotter. A 10-degree Celsius increase can cut into a cap's useful life by 50%. Ripple also plays an important role in overall system stability, especially when overclocking is involved.

The ripple limits, according to the ATX specification, are 120mV (+12V) and 50mV (5V, 3.3V, and 5VSB).

Test12V5V3.3V5VSBPass/Fail
10% Load9.4 mV6.2 mV7.1 mV15.7 mVPass
20% Load19.3 mV6.9 mV8.7 mV15.4 mVPass
30% Load32.7 mV12.3 mV12.8 mV15.6 mVPass
40% Load27.6 mV9.5 mV10.6 mV16.6 mVPass
50% Load25.9 mV11.6 mV13.5 mV18.0 mVPass
60% Load24.9 mV11.7 mV14.2 mV22.7 mVPass
70% Load27.2 mV12.8 mV13.1 mV20.6 mVPass
80% Load25.4 mV14.2 mV17.2 mV21.9 mVPass
90% Load25.3 mV13.5 mV17.3 mV21.7 mVPass
100% Load40.3 mV19.4 mV21.1 mV28.6 mVPass
110% Load42.7 mV21.5 mV21.5 mV29.4 mVPass
Crossload 115.8 mV16.8 mV17.0 mV20.3 mVPass
Crossload 219.3 mV14.1 mV9.7 mV18.6 mVPass
Crossload 312.5 mV10.7 mV18.0 mV14.6 mVPass
Crossload 439.6 mV15.0 mV15.9 mV21.2 mVPass

With lower than 40mV ripple, the PSU would fare better against competing offerings. Not that 40mV is high in the worst-case scenario, but the bar is high in this section. Ripple at 5V and 3.3V is close to 20ms, which is low enough. 

Ripple At Full Load

Ripple At 110% Load

Ripple At Cross-Load 1

Ripple At Cross-Load 4

EMC Pre-Compliance Testing – Average & Quasi-Peak EMI Detector Results

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) is the ability of a device to operate properly in its environment without disrupting the proper operation of other nearby devices.

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) stands for the electromagnetic energy a device emits, and it can cause problems in other nearby devices if too high. For example, it can cause increased static noise in your headphones or/and speakers.

΅We use TekBox's EMCview to conduct our EMC pre-compliance testing.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Conducted EMI emissions stay low. 

MORE: Best Power Supplies

MORE: How We Test Power Supplies

MORE: All Power Supply Content

Aris Mpitziopoulos
Aris Mpitziopoulos

Aris Mpitziopoulos is a Contributing Editor at Tom's Hardware US, covering PSUs.

  • WrongRookie
    Is there a way to tell if it supports full range input till 240v?
    Reply
  • Tom Sunday
    Most of the PSU’s are made by a small group of manufacturers, and resellers simply buy those manufacturers PSU's and then rebrand them as their own products. I usually buy SeaSonic because pure and simple they are a manufacturer. They make all their own PSU’s and sell them to consumers. So going with a SeaSonic PSU is almost certainly to be a safe bet. I also found that resellers generally offer three to five-year warrenties on their PSU's, and Seasonic offers in many cases five to twelve-year waranties. This alone tells the story and in how much confidence the reseller usually has towards its selected manufacturer.

    In turn CORSAIR is a true reseller, not a manufacturer. This can be a big deal. They buy their PSU’s from their original manufacturers so the quality of their products ultimately depends on their original manufacturers or perhaps those manufacturers which returned the lowest fabrication bid on a large CORSAIR factory order. It can be difficult to find out where CORSAIR’s PSU’s come from as CORSAIR has routinely been using 3-5 different manufacturers and in diffrent countries. In time likes these where high wattage and or premium PSU’s (1200W-1600W) may easily exceed $400 plus to especially feed the upcoming 4000 series GPU craze, picking the right PSU becomes important! As one of the dealers at the recent computer show noted: “SeaSonic principally specializes in PSU’s while CORSAIR markets and sells hundreds of different products. “Go take your pick!”
    Reply