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Keyboard/Mouse Shortcuts

Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal), Reviewed In Depth
By

With so much focus on the emerging multi-touch input paradigm, we can't forget about traditional computers with a keyboard and mouse. Fear not, Unity doesn't neglect the trusty old keyboard shortcuts, and there are a few mouse tricks as well. The table below lists all of the keyboard shortcuts relating to the Panel, the Launcher, and Dash:

Keyboard Shortcut
Function
Alt + F1
Activates Launcher (use up/down arrow keys to scroll through Launcher entries)
Windows key
Activates Dash
Windows key (hold)
Show Launcher
Windows key (hold) + 1-0
Switches to or opens corresponding Launcher entry
Windows key + Shift + 1-0
Opens corresponding Launcher entry
Windows key (hold) + S
Activates Workspace Switcher
Windows key (hold) + A
Activates Applications Lens
Windows key (hold) + F
Activates
Windows key (hold) + T
Files & Folders Lens
Windows key (hold) + D
Opens Trash in Nautilus
Windows key (hold) + W
Minimizes/Restores all windows
Shift + Alt + Up arrow
Activates Window Spread for all Workspaces
Ctrl + Alt + Arrow keys
Switches between Workspaces
Ctrl + Alt + Shift + Arrow keys
Moves active window between Workspaces
Alt + TabSwitches between windows
Alt + F4Closes the active window
Alt + F7Locks active window in movement mode
Alt + F9Minimizes active window
Alt + F10Maximizes/Restores active window
Alt + F2Activates Dash in Run Command Mode
Ctrl + Alt + TOpens Terminal
F10Opens first Panel indicator menu (use up/down arrow keys to scroll through menu items - use left/right arrow keys to scroll through indicator menus)
Ctrl + Alt + LLock Screen
Prt ScrTakes a screenshot of the entire screen
Alt + Prt ScrTakes a screenshot of the active window
EscExits currently selected menu/Launcher/Dash/Workspace Switcher


Next up, we have the number pad. While the mouse and uTouch can snap windows to the left or right half of the screen, keyboard shortcuts open up new ways to tile windows. Pressing Ctrl, Alt, and a number on the number pad activates various window controls, including an expanded snap feature that can only be accessed via these keyboard shortcuts. As far as we can tell, this is the only way to enable quad and horizontal snap without installing additional packages and doing some tweaking.

Horizontal Window SnapHorizontal Window SnapQuad Window SnapQuad Window Snap

Keyboard Shortcut
Function
Ctrl + Alt + Num 0
Maximizes currently selected window
Ctrl + Alt + Num 1
Snaps currently selected window to the bottom left quadrant
Ctrl + Alt + Num 2
Snaps currently selected window to the bottom half of the screen
Ctrl + Alt + Num 3
Snaps currently selected window to the bottom right quadrant
Ctrl + Alt + Num 4
Snaps currently selected window to the left half of the screen
Ctrl + Alt + Num 5
Centers currently selected window (press repeatedly to resize)
Ctrl + Alt + Num 6
Snaps currently selected window to the right half of the screen
Ctrl + Alt + Num 7
Snaps currently selected window to the top left quadrant
Ctrl + Alt + Num 8
Snaps currently selected window to the top half of the screen
Ctrl + Alt + Num 9
Snaps currently selected window to the top right quadrant


Along with the stack of keyboard shortcuts, Unity also has a handful of shortcuts for the mouse.

Mouse Shortcut
Function
Scroll wheel over Launcher
Scroll through Launcher entries
Scroll wheel over volume indicator
Adjusts volume
Third-button click (press scroll wheel) on Launcher entry
Opens another instance of Launcher entry if already open
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