All About Bitcoin Mining: Road To Riches Or Fool's Gold?

Confessions Of An Accidental Bitcoin Miner

It’s a Long Way to the Top If You Want to Mine the Coin

I first heard about Bitcoins in June 2011, two years after Satoshi wrote his paper. At the time, I had already been renting a small commercial office in the San Francisco Bay area to use as a “man cave”, a place to have some peace and quietness. After reading up on Bitcoins, I hoped that Bitcoin mining could pay the office lease. Notably, it was an all-inclusive lease, with utilities included. For a Bitcoin miner, free (or more accurately, complimentary) electricity has a better ring to it than even free beer.

So, I bought a few Radeon HD 7790 graphics cards (not ideally suited for Bitcoin mining, as I later realized), two motherboards, two inexpensive Athlon CPUs, some RAM, and two 750 W power supplies and started mining at the mining pools and, as a backup, the now defunct

Soon after, like any true gambler, I decided to double down and bought more graphics cards. This time, they were better-suited Radeon HD 5830 cards. Certain motherboards, like the Bitcoin miner’s favorite, the MSI 890FXA-GD70, can accommodate four double-wide graphics cards across four PCIe slots. Thus, two mining rigs could accommodate eight 5830s and achieve a hash rate of almost two GH/s (Gigahash per second). Finally, using a total of eight motherboards and approximately twenty graphics cards, I achieved slightly more than 4 GH/s.

Unfortunately, an office A/C is designed for two people and two PCs, not for multiple 750 W mining rigs running at full throttle. Noticing that the office was getting quite hot, I created some air ducts out of cardboard to funnel the waste heat exhausted by the graphics cards right to the windows’ mosquito screens. Each air duct had a 120 mm LED fan at the end, and it was these fans that proved to be my downfall. They shone mesmerizing circles of intense blue light into the peaceful California night. Eventually, the owner of the office building saw the blue circles, walked up to the ground floor window, and felt a blast of hot air in his face. Shortly thereafter, I was evicted.

A few weeks later, I found a new office in another city. But because the windows could not be opened there, I could only run three Radeon HD 5830-based mining rigs at a time without super-heating the place.

By that point, field-programmable gate array miners started to become available. Butterfly Labs (BFL), a then-unknown company out of Kansas City, announced the Single, an Altera FPGA-based miner sporting a hash rate of more than 800 MH/s for a mere $600. I ordered one immediately. Addicted, I kept ordering them in packs of four, reaching a grand total of 25.

By summer 2012, Butterfly Labs was selling the $15,000, 25.2 GH/s miniRig, a huge box sporting 18 PCBs and just as many fans. I bought one, and it brought my total hash rate to 46 GH/s.

Then BFL announced that it would start shipping ASIC-based products in October or November, and owners of the company's FPGA-based products would be able to trade them in for the full purchase price. I knew that once the ASIC-based products started to ship, mining difficulty would explode, quickly obsoleting the FPGA-based products and cutting off my revenue stream. Grudgingly, I sold some long-term investments and wired almost $30,000 to BFL for two ASIC-based miniRigs, hoping to ensure a continuous flow of Bitcoin-based funds. However, BFL missed the promised shipping date of October/November 2012 and, at the time of writing, only a few dozens of its 5 GH/s, entry-level ASIC-based devices have been shipped.

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  • Darkman69
    Finally a proper write up on Mining Bitcoin with the good the bad and the reality.
  • esrever
    How does mining new coins make sense if there will ever only be 21 million? I am so confused by that point.
    Another thing is, with an economic system like this, a billionaire can easily manipulate market prices and make extremely large amount of money and still be completely fine due to this being in a grey area of the law. You can't pump and dump stocks legally but it seems pretty easy for something like this considering you can dump the bit coins off as currency in any country.
  • s3anister
    640096 said:
    How does mining new coins make sense if there will ever only be 21 million? I am so confused by that point.

    To quote the Bitcoin wiki page: "The last block that will generate coins will be block #6,929,999 which should be generated at or near the year 2140."

    So to directly answer your question, the whole reason for mining bitcoins is because you'll most definitely be dead before the last block chain is even completed.
  • smeezekitty
    Shitcoins definitely = fools gold!
    Huge waste computing power IMO
  • vmem
    919443 said:
    Shitcoins definitely = fools gold! Huge waste computing power IMO

    someone needs to rewrite the algorithm and somehow hook up block generation to folding@home or some similar constructive use of the computational power.
  • smeezekitty
    686747 said:
    919443 said:
    Shitcoins definitely = fools gold! Huge waste computing power IMO
    someone needs to rewrite the algorithm and somehow hook up block generation to folding@home or some similar constructive use of the computational power.

    That would be a great idea. Verifying a relatively small hash to screen out the cheaters then perform something useful like F@H.
  • dannyboy3210
    A very interesting read. I had been reading about Bitcoins (mainly because I just couldn't figure out what they were exactly), but this clears a lot of things up.
    Also, at the bottom of page 5, in the Comparison of FPGA and ASIC Chips table it says "Power Fraw".
  • slomo4sho
    Fiat currencies... I guess for some people the dollar wasn't worthless enough.
    It is amazing how you can lose your "wallet" and your funds permanently disappear from the pool.
  • toarranre
    Never heard of this and I'm quite confused by it. Use graphics cards to find units of a currency that from what I can tell must be extremely succeptable to artificial inflation or all out collapse.
  • dkcomputer
    I'm offensive and I find this capitalist
  • csf60
    In 2010 I started bitmining and reached 3 bitcoins in 2 months with a 5850. Each bitcoin was worth 3$ at that point so I just gave up and lost my wallet. If I only knew 3 years later they would change for 150$ each... :face palm:
  • choz
    Thanks for your calculations. I now have more things to laugh about here in Australia when I read about bitcoin "miners" setting up multi-gpu rigs when our power price is around the 25c per KWh mark and rising by 5% annually.
  • ET3D
    I've only skimmed the article, but I didn't see a good discussion of mining pool, trading and all the DDoS, phishing and hacking that goes with it.
    The technical aspects and financial calculations are one thing, but going bitcoins is somewhat of a hornets' nest, and it's really worth discussing this stuff.
    I haven't mined seriously, but the first time I tried (for two weeks, generated half a bitcoin), I left the bitcoins in the pool and one of the pool's founders embezzled and took what was there and left. I've seen other pools hacked, and there are regular DDoS attacks on them, changes in the terms, all kinds of things you really need to follow carefully if you want to mine effectively. Just leaving your miner running and hoping that you'll get the expected coins eventually doesn't cut it.
    I currently mine a little LTC for fun (partly because after installing Catalyst 13.4 I can't mine BTC and can only mine LTC with an old cgminer version I have installed). I'm not sure that it's worth it financially, and I'll probably shut down mining in the not too far future.
  • Madn3ss795
    I bought a few Radeon HD 7790 graphics cards

    7790 already out in June 2011 ? :lol:
  • immanuel_aj
    1 said:
    Or better yet, enjoy this crazy sideshow from the bleachers.

    Yup, that's exactly what I'll be doing! There's always something in the news about it every month these days. :)
  • uruquiora
    this is why i think TH is one of the best IT news website around nowadays... thanks for a very interesting article and for sharing the good and the bad with newbies like me on that subject.
  • somebodyspecial
    Maybe now we won't have to see this in benchmarks. It's over for gpus.
  • tlg
    I am also wondering how he got the HD7790 in June 2011, except if this is a typo because later on in the same page he talks about November 2012.
  • dalmvern
    Great article, I have been wondering what the fuss was all about. Now the only question I have is:
    What is all this processing power being used to do?
    As it was mentioned in an earlier comment, it would be great to use it for something like scientific research like F@H...but I have never seen anything explaining IF it is being used, and if it is, what it is being used to do.
  • MyNewRig
    Great news, since BTC mining with GPUs is now a lost cause, time to buy the nVidia GTX 780 card and enjoy its gaming performance instead of worrying about its OpenCL capabilities (or lack of :D) LOL

    EDIT: and yeah, that is such a waste of computational power and electricity, that is used to create really nothing at all, if this goes towards a good beneficial cause while mining it would be such a great project, like reCAPTCHA is used to digitize books while providing bot and SPAM protection!
  • smeezekitty
    515793 said:
    What is all this processing power being used to do?

    It is wasted cracking useless hashes while not doing anything useful.
  • ET3D
    By the way, I just saw a good article at PC World to read in addition to this:
  • godfather666
    Great article, thank you. It definitely doesn't seem like bitcoin mining is a worthwhile endeavor, unless you are predicting that its price will rise sharply over the next few years.
    But in that case, you can also simply just buy bitcoins.