Skip to main content

PSUs 101: A Detailed Look Into Power Supplies

Other Bearing Types: SSO, Rifle, Hysint

SSO Bearing

Noctua enjoys increased popularity among enthusiasts due to its high-quality cooling products. The company's top fan models utilize a propriety bearing called a self-stabilizing oil-pressure bearing (SSO bearing), and Noctua says this bearing has a lifespan of up to 150,000 hours.

Image 1 of 5

Image 2 of 5

Image 3 of 5

Image 4 of 5

Image 5 of 5

As you can see from the photos above, the external side of the bearing features a vertical groove that doesn't go all the way to the top. Besides hydrodynamic pressure, the SSO bearing also uses an additional magnet that provides enhanced stabilization to the rotor axis. This is essential during the start-up phase, when there is not enough dynamic pressure from the liquid yet to stabilize the shaft, so increased friction can occur.

Noctua's fans are used mostly in chassis and coolers, and we haven't seen them used in PSUs yet. However, since the company uses a very interesting bearing design, we thought that it would be best to include Noctua in this discussion.

Rifle, Hysint And Other Bearing Types

The Rifle bearing is an enhanced version of the sleeve bearing, offering a significantly longer lifetime, although it is still much lower than the lifespan of a fluid dynamic bearing. There are spiral grooves on the bearing that transfer or pump the lubricant oil from a reservoir to the whole bearing's surface, decreasing friction and noise output. Contrary to sleeve bearing fans, Rifle bearing fans can be mounted horizontally without any significant effect on their lifespan.

Image 1 of 10

Image 2 of 10

Image 3 of 10

Image 4 of 10

Image 5 of 10

Image 6 of 10

Image 7 of 10

Image 8 of 10

Image 9 of 10

Image 10 of 10

A high-quality Rifle bearing fan by Noiseblocker.

The Hysint bearing is used in fans made by Young Lin Tech. It shares many similarities with the Rifle bearing and includes similar vertical grooves, which allow the flow of the lubrication oil through the shaft. Nonetheless, a Hysint bearing's lifetime is significantly shorter than that of an FDB or an HDB, but still higher than a sleeve bearing, and it has no problem with horizontal installation.

Image 1 of 2

Image 2 of 2

There are other bearing types as well, like Enermax's Twister bearing that uses magnets instead of oil or balls to stabilize the shaft and reduce friction, Sintetico bearings by Y.S Tech with Teflon-coated surfaces and ceramic bearings.

  • Alexis Shaw
    In your list of top-tier capacitor manufacturers you missed out on some of the better american and european manufacturers, while these may not be used on many consumer-grade power supplies they are definitely top-tier and if you were to find them you would be happy. I suggest the addition of at least:
    Cornell Dubilier (USA)
    Illinois Capacitor (Now owned my Cornell Dubilier)
    Kemet Corporation (USA)
    ELNA (Japan)
    EPCOS (TDK company) (Germany)
    Vishay (USA)
    Würth Elektronik (Germany)
    Reply
  • Aris_Mp
    Thank you very much for the list you provided. I am aware of almost all cap brands that you mentioned but unfortunately so far I found none of them inside a desktop/consumer grade PSU. I will think about it however (and also make a research on these cap brands), if I should include them as well inside my list.

    Reply
  • InvalidError
    16585466 said:
    Thank you very much for the list you provided. I am aware of almost all cap brands that you mentioned but unfortunately so far I found none of them inside a desktop/consumer grade PSU.
    There is a very high probability you have seen PSUs with several Kemet capacitors in them. You never noticed them simply because SMD capacitors are too small to carry logos, brand name or even value designations.

    The other brands are mostly found in specialty applications such as lab instruments, industrial machines and high-end audio.
    Reply
  • Math Geek
    very interesting read. more in depth than i need to know yet for the most part understandable and with careful reading it did not leave me confused.

    nice article.
    Reply
  • TallestJon96
    I only read 2/3 of it, but it's a good article.

    I basically have committed PC heresy with my cx600m. However I think that I'm in the clear with my 65w CPU and 145w CPU. I'd bet my total power draw is actually below 300w, the supposed highest efficiency point of a PSU.

    As a gamer, not a professional, I think it is better to get low power parts, and get a higher rating than you need, rather than get high power parts and high quality PSUs.

    Additionally, if you compare power consumption of a typical system from today to one from 5 years ago, power draw is considerably lower, with the exception of certain graphics cards. *cough* 390x *cough*
    Reply
  • powernod
    I decided to sign up at Tom's forum, and the only reason was to state how excellent is Aris's article!!!
    Thanks Aris for this very useful article on behalf of us all who want to learn the basic knowledge for PSUs.
    Haven't finished it yet, but i'm very anxious for it !!!
    Reply
  • GoZFast
    Very nice article!!! You made me remember my college physics courses lol
    Reply
  • traumadisaster
    I'm glad there are people dedicated to this but I'm not. I can't even read all of the chapter titles in this article. I disagree with the importance you place on this and all of the references you made to this being crucial knowledge.

    PSU and MB are insignificant to me and I can blindly pick one by reviewing user comments from newegg in about 5 min, and it will last for years. For less than $100 each I'm set for nearly a decade.

    CPU and gfx card now that affects fps and is over $1000, actually the most important part to me.
    Reply
  • Alexis Shaw
    16589602 said:
    I'm glad there are people dedicated to this but I'm not. I can't even read all of the chapter titles in this article. I disagree with the importance you place on this and all of the references you made to this being crucial knowledge.

    PSU and MB are insignificant to me and I can blindly pick one by reviewing user comments from newegg in about 5 min, and it will last for years. For less than $100 each I'm set for nearly a decade.

    CPU and gfx card now that affects fps and is over $1000, actually the most important part to me.

    I heartily dissagree, user are not the best way to judge reliability, and a bad powersupply is at fult most of the time there is a hardware issue. Further a power supply should last more than one system build, and in general I keep mine for a decade at a time at least. So an investment in a good power supply is not a waste, and a bad one will kill that precious $1000 GPU or CPU. The demo dart power supply on the motherboard is a similar story, however in general they are of higher quality than a cheap mains supply.

    Reply
  • Alexis Shaw
    16585679 said:
    16585466 said:
    Thank you very much for the list you provided. I am aware of almost all cap brands that you mentioned but unfortunately so far I found none of them inside a desktop/consumer grade PSU.
    There is a very high probability you have seen PSUs with several Kemet capacitors in them. You never noticed them simply because SMD capacitors are too small to carry logos, brand name or even value designations.

    The other brands are mostly found in specialty applications such as lab instruments, industrial machines and high-end audio.

    As well as SMT ceramic capacitors, Kemet makes through hole aluminium electrolytic capacitors. These are of high quality, though not as well known as their SMT capacitors. They also make high quality polymer SMT capacitors that are used as bulk capacitors on the power distribution circuitry on laptops and other devices.
    Reply