How Emulate an Amiga 1200 on Your Linux PC or Raspberry Pi

Linux Format Amiga 1200
(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

In 1989 Tim Burton’s Batman movie was in the cinema, and advertising campaigns were in full swing to promote the Caped Crusader. At Commodore, their marketing team had signed a deal with Warner Brothers Pictures and Batman was to be on the Amiga. The Amiga 500 “Batman Pack” became the iconic pack which saw this humble home computer dominate the market.

But the Amiga 500 was not the first machine in the Amiga range. That honour goes to the Amiga 1000 as used in 1985 by Andy Warhol to digitally alter a photograph of Blondie lead singer Debbie Harry. However, the Amiga 500 was the machine that made the biggest impact on the 16-bit home computing scene. Featuring 512KB of RAM and a 68000 7MHz CPU, the Amiga 500 was much more than a games machine. It was a competent office computer, a music creation tool, an artist’s studio and a television workhorse, capable of mixing live television with graphics created on the Amiga.

Emulation is a great way to get interested in the Amiga scene and there are a myriad of emulators for different platforms. For Windows users there is Cloanto’s Amiga Forever, a  software suite that provides all of the files necessary to emulate many models of Amiga and many different applications. For around $60 we can pick up the premium edition with three DVDs of software and videos.

Raspberry Pi users can install Amibian ( which is a full Amiga-centric distro for the Pi. All you need to bring is your Kickstart ROMs, which act as the BIOS of an Amiga, and disk images for an instant hit of nostalgia. There are other emulators for Windows, Linux and macOS such as FS-UAE (Win-UAE for Windows) that provides a friendly and expansive means with which to experience the Amiga. And this is where we start our journey, emulating an Amiga 1200 with extra RAM and an internal hard disk drive, on our Ubuntu machine.

What You'll Need

  • A computer running Linux
  • Amiga Kickstart ROMs
  • Amiga Workbench 3.1 disk images
  • A copy of Cloanto’s Amiga Forever Plus Edition

Setting Up the Emulator

1. Download the recommended download from and extract the files.

2. Open a Terminal, navigate to the folder containing the extracted files, this should be FS-UAE and run the launcher.


3. Copy the Kickstart ROMs and Workbench Disk Files (ADF) from your copy of Cloanto Amiga Forever Plus Edition to relevant directories in the FS-UAE directory.

4. In the FS-UAE launcher click on the Amiga logo in the top left of the window. Select “Import Kickstarts” and navigate to where your Kickstart files are located. Import all of the Kickstart ROMs.

5. On the main Launcher screen, under Amiga Model select A1200 and 3.1 ROM 68020 CPU.

6. Insert the emulated Workbench 3.1 ADF disk image via Floppy Drives. Click Start to power on and boot the Amiga.

The Amiga operating system is called Workbench and it is a GUI similar to Apple’s operating systems of the era. It features all of the design stylings that we are familiar with. Windows, Icons, Menu and Pointer, and it has a shell interface that feels at home for Unix / Linux users. Workbench 2 onwards was where the Amiga Workbench saw the biggest shift from being just an operating system, into a powerful and efficient design. Don’t get us wrong, Workbench 1.3 was what we used with our Amiga 500, but it felt rather childish when compared to later releases.

Workbench 3.1 as used on the A1200 and A4000 was a big deal. Inside the Workbench 3.1 disk there are a number of folders. Prefs is where we can configure the Amiga. Change fonts, set the screen resolution, change input settings and set system sounds.

Install Workbench to a Virtual Hard Drive

A hard drive was a luxury for the earlier Amigas. With the release of the 600 and 1200 we saw built-in IDE interfaces and 600HD and 1200HD models were on the shelves, offering a whopping 40MB IDE hard drive. For our virtual Amiga 1200, we are going to install a 256MB hard drive using FS-UAE.

1. Click on the Amiga logo in the top left of the window and select HDF Creator.

2. Create a Single Partition Hard Disk File, called LXF.hdf and it will be 256MB in size.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

3. Click on the Home icon and ensure that your Amiga Model is A1200, with 3.1 ROM and 68020 CPU.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

4. Click on the Floppy disk menu and, in the top slot, insert Workbench 3.1 ADF disk and, in the second slot, insert the Workbench 3.1 Install disk.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

5. Go to Media Swap List, and click on the + icon, select all of your Workbench 3.1 disks, of which “install” should be present.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

6. Go to the Hard Drive menu and check that LXF.hdf is present.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

7. In the RAM & ROM menu, ensure that the correct Kickstart ROM is present, and set your Chip RAM to 2MB, and Fast RAM to 8MB.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

8. On the left of the launcher is a save configuration dialog, add the name A1200 LXF and click on the save button to save the configuration for future use.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

9. Click on Start to run the emulator.

To format this drive, single left click on the icon, and then press and hold the right mouse button. Move the mouse to the top of the screen and select Icons, Format Disk. The format options should match these.

10. Workbench will boot as before, but now we see an additional icon on the desktop DH0 NODOS, which is our 256MB hard drive.

List of Options:

  • Format - DH0
  • Current Information: Device 'DH0' 256M capacity
  • New Volume Name: WB3
  • Put Trashcan: Y
  • Fast File System: Y
  • International Mode: N
  • Directory Cache: N

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

11. Click on Format, and then in the next two pop ups click Ok and Format. The format process will take around five minutes. A new drive will appear DH0 (first hard drive) which is ready for use.

12. Double click on the Install disk icon and then double click on the Install folder. Double click on your chosen language to run the installer in that language.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

13. Click on Proceed to install Workbench 3.1 to a hard drive.

14. Ensure the installation mode is Novice, click Proceed With Install to move on.

15. Skip the printer setup screen, the keymap should match your country / language selection.

The installer will now run and copy the files from the floppy drives to the virtual hard drive. At times there will be prompts for us to insert another disk.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

16. Press F12 to swap disks when prompted. Use the cursor keys to move down to REMOVABLE MEDIA, press Enter to eject the previous disk and automatically insert the next. The Amiga will detect the disk change and carry on with the install.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

17. Once the install is complete, you will be asked to eject the disk from the drive, again do this via F12 - REMOVABLE MEDIA. Then click on Proceed ro reboot.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Your Amiga 1200 will now reboot and will boot from the hard drive for the first time.

Linux Format Amiga 1200

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Les Pounder

Les Pounder is an associate editor at Tom's Hardware. He is a creative technologist and for seven years has created projects to educate and inspire minds both young and old. He has worked with the Raspberry Pi Foundation to write and deliver their teacher training program "Picademy".

  • Theresa N
    Amazing a SBC computer can emulate an Amiga. Need more tutorials on doing this with Windows including what different commands are necessary to use an Amiga. Lots of nostalgia over old Commodore computers such as the C128.
  • Homer J.
    It is easy to emulate the computing power and graphics of the Amiga, but what it made stand out was the sound chip. It had such an amazing sound for its time, the Rasp can not compete.
  • TerryLaze
    While this is an easy and cheapish way to emulate an Amiga the real V.I.P. is the
    MiSTer FPGA board where you can actually recreate the hardware and have a basically real hardware Amiga.
    It can do the same for many other systems as well of curse.
    But it is pretty pricey if you just want to toy with it.
  • eXPedient Demise
    Still love the Amiga, even after all these years. I only stopped using mine because the HDD controller failed, and back then it would've cost a small fortune to replace... so to a Pentium 2 I went with the brand new Windows 98 release. But never stopped loving the 'miggy.
  • nofanneeded
    Amiga games soundtracks still beat any modern game's one ... I miss the 90's

    No game soundtrack can come near Turrican 2 Music by Chris Huelsbeck !

    Next comes Shadow of the beast soundtracks by David Whittaker , Xenon2 , Oblitarator