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TSMC Hikes Price of Chip Production: CPU & GPU Costs Set to Rise

TSMC
(Image credit: TSMC)

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. has reportedly notified its customers about substantial incoming chip production price hikes. The world's largest maker of semiconductors will increase prices for virtually all advanced and popular process technologies in a bid to improve its gross margins. Meanwhile, augmented quotes will make costs of products like CPUs, GPUs, SoCs, and controllers higher. 

TSMC plans to increase prices of wafer processing using its 7 nm and thinner fabrication processes by as much as 10%, whereas prices of wafers processed using 16 nm-class and thicker nodes will increase by 20% for orders set to be fulfilled starting December, reports DigiTimes citing sources among chip developers. Just like other foundries, TSMC does not disclose its quotes publicly, but the company intends to increase the price of one wafer processed using its 28 nm to 'nearly $3000 staring from January,' the report says. 

TSMC’s N5 and N7 fabrication technologies accounted for 49% of the company’s $13.29 billion revenue in the second quarter, so increasing quotes for these nodes by 10% will likely bring TSMC well over $600 million of extra revenue in Q1 2022 (assuming that the company’s sales will remain on Q2 2021 level). The foundry’s N16 and N28 processes accounted for 25% of TSMC’s revenue in Q2, so increasing their prices will also bring a sizeable sum to the company. In general, TSMC may increase its revenue by over $1 billion.

(Image credit: TSMC)

What remains to be seen is how higher production costs will affect the price of actual hardware, such as CPUs and GPUs designed by AMD or SoCs developed by Apple. Apple sells expensive smartphones and PCs, so a 10% increase of chip costs will not harm the company's balance sheet significantly. Meanwhile, companies like AMD and Qualcomm sell chips and a 10% increase of their costs will either harm their financial results, or will force them to increase their prices. 

Demand for chips hit an all-time-high in the recent quarters and contract makers of semiconductors have to increase production to fulfil orders from their customers. In many cases this means more production and less maintenance, which increases risks and faster depreciation of equipment. As a result, contract makers of semiconductors have to increase their prices to offset their risks and costs. Meanwhile, for companies that heavily invest in new manufacturing capacities, like TSMC, price hikes help to improve margins and profitability.

TSMC is not the only foundry to increase prices of chip production in the recent months, DigiTimes says. GlobalFoundries, Powerchip Semiconductor Manufacturing (PSMC), Semiconductor Manufacturing International (SMIC), United Microelectronics (UMC) have all increased their chip production prices because of extraordinary demand.