USB 3.1 Tested: Performance On MSI's X99A Gaming 9 ACK

Results: USB 3.1 Vs. USB 3.0

CrystalDiskMark

We’ll start with synthetics, since that was what everyone at CES saw.

USB 3.1 enables sequential reads in excess of 700MB/s, and we’re told that a couple of Samsung 840 Pros crest 800MB/s plugged in to the same developer board. Intel’s X99 chipset manages 423MB/s, while VIA’s PCI Express-connected controller can’t even muster 300MB/s.

Write performance isn’t far behind (though we’ll see real-world sequential writes fall off faster). ASMedia’s USB 3.1 controller continues to exceed 700MB/s. Intel’s PCH-based logic actually accelerates, hitting 426MB/ and the VIA VL805 tops out at 257MB/s.

Random I/O isn’t nearly as impressive. But that’s what we’d expect from USB (or any other interface, for that matter). You’ll see reads approaching 7400 IOPS in 4KB reads at a queue depth of one from USB 3.1, while Intel’s controller yields over 5400 IOPS. This is one discipline where VIA comes out ahead of Intel; the VL805 posts nearly 6800 IOPS.

Real-World File Copy

Synthetic metrics work well if you want to isolate a specific performance attribute or test a peak using controlled data. But they rarely correlate with real-world results. That’s why we’re also including a real-world file copy test that includes 91 files in 27 folders totaling 36.7GB. Clearly, these transfers are going to be sequential in nature.

Reading data from the USB-attached RAID array and writing to a 40GB RAM disk on our PC yields much higher performance than writing to the external SSDs. ASMedia’s USB 3.1 controller gets the job done in an even 60 seconds. Intel’s built-in USB 3.0 logic finishes in 100 seconds. And VIA’s VL805—a single-lane PCIe to four-port USB 3.0 controller—turns out to be quite a bit slower at 145 seconds.

Coming back the other way, moving data onto the dual-SSD requires more time. The task takes 76 seconds via USB 3.1 on a two-lane PCIe interface. Intel’s own USB 3.0 controller posts a 113-second time, while VIA’s controller is outclassed at 173 seconds.

Sometimes enthusiasts get caught making a big deal out of relatively minor differences, but when you’re talking about a more than 2x speed-up compared to another third-party controller, that’s truly significant.

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23 comments
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  • Tom Delco
    I remember when Thomas Pabst, founder of TomsHardware.com, called USB the "useless serial bus!" Man, was he wrong. Some guys have no vision!
    Tom DelConte
  • Eggz
    Always stoked for better interfaces. As the wise Kool-Aid Man would say, "Oooooh yeah!"
  • jtd871
    Would it kill you to use consistent units for reporting results?! The 1st two charts on page 2 are MB/s while the third is time (seconds). I understand that it's easier to report the time for the file copy, but it wouldn't have been too difficult to calculate and report an approximate average transfer rate.
  • qlum
    I think getting a faster usb3.1 port in the rear while having 3 sets of similar looking ports with different speeds is bound to cause confusion so unless you permanently have a fast device plugged into the fastest point Id say its a waste. Personally I use 1/2 usb 3 devices max and usually in the front which I regularly switch out so really quite useless in most cases.
  • razor512
    When are going to see USB 3.1 external 3.5 inch floppy drives? :)
  • RedJaron
    129458 said:
    When are going to see USB 3.1 external 3.5 inch floppy drives? :)

    I'd say they'll come about the same time we get Firewire ZIP disk drives.
  • dstarr3
    Does USB 3.1 address the issue that 3.0 has with wireless receiver interference?
  • SteelCity1981
    usb 3.1 will be a slow adaption. heck usb 2.0 still floods the market let alone usb 3.0. it's been what in the past year that we are finally starting to se usb 30 start to become the norm in devices now????
  • RedJaron
    409959 said:
    usb 3.1 will be a slow adaption. heck usb 2.0 still floods the market let alone usb 3.0. it's been what in the past year that we are finally starting to se usb 30 start to become the norm in devices now????

    That's largely due to consumer realities. USB3 only makes sense when transferring massive data loads. What devices actually need to do that? Mass storage, and that's it. Now compare storage devices to the number of every other USB device available. Your keyboards and mice still operate at USB 1.1. Printers, scanners, and office peripherals are still on 2.0 ( some possibly still on 1.1, ) and they can't even saturate that pipe. USB network adapters work just fine at 2.0 speeds. And the vast majority of flash drives today are still used to save a few office documents, pictures, and other small files. Incredibly few people are hauling around Windows install ISOs or large drive images on their thumb drives.
  • SteelCity1981
    I see that intel is still heavily investing in thunderbolt, which is prob why they aren't putting native usb 3.1 support on their chipsets for the next two generations reminds me of usb 3.0 all over again with intel.
  • Lucid Renegade
    570460 said:
    129458 said:
    When are going to see USB 3.1 external 3.5 inch floppy drives? :)
    I'd say they'll come about the same time we get Firewire ZIP disk drives.


    Where are they then?

    http://www.amazon.com/Iomega-Zip-750MB-Firewire-Drive/dp/B00006JN09/ref=pd_sim_sbs_e_2?ie=UTF8&refRID=1W5KW88VBMYTYB790E1R
  • Lakitu
    1885327 said:
    570460 said:
    129458 said:
    When are going to see USB 3.1 external 3.5 inch floppy drives? :)
    I'd say they'll come about the same time we get Firewire ZIP disk drives.
    Where are they then? http://www.amazon.com/Iomega-Zip-750MB-Firewire-Drive/dp/B00006JN09/ref=pd_sim_sbs_e_2?ie=UTF8&refRID=1W5KW88VBMYTYB790E1R


    I was going to reply that I had found several on amazon, until I looked at the USB version. Surprisingly they're all USB 2.0... I guess the market and need isn't high enough to warrant making them USB 3.0?

    Let's be honest, do you really need USB 3.0 speeds copying over 1.44 MB of data?
  • qlum
    More importantly I higly doubt those drives would support more then usb1 transferspeeds themselves
  • RedJaron
    1885327 said:
    570460 said:
    I'd say they'll come about the same time we get Firewire ZIP disk drives.
    Where are they then? http://www.amazon.com/Iomega-Zip-750MB-Firewire-Drive/dp/B00006JN09/ref=pd_sim_sbs_e_2?ie=UTF8&refRID=1W5KW88VBMYTYB790E1R

    Well played. No, I didn't bother checking if those things were actually made. I thought it was too ridiculous of an idea. ;)
  • falchard
    MSI is such an amazing company. I hope they never become larger than ASUS. I don't want them to be held up providing for the consumer market.
  • photonboy
    USB 3 cables:
    There are now THREE different cables:

    1) Same connection as USB2 but colored blue

    2) USB3 connector changed on device side to prevent USB2 cables being used as some would cause problems for fast USB3 devices

    3) USB3.1 changes connector yet again on device side, again to avoid slower rated cables (USB2 or USB3.0) from being used.

    Other:
    I noticed I got up to 140MB/second using a USB3 HDD in a USB3 connection and only 32MB/second if connecting to USB2. I thought it would max out the 60MB/second bandwidth so it appears the USB hard drive must have both USB2 and USB3 sata converter chips and it uses the much slower one when USB2 is detected.
  • zodiacfml
    queue depth of 1, why test an SSD with such?
    awesome bandwidth though. i reckon the upgrade is for keeping up with almost similar standards ( DP, MHL, and competing with WiFi) which could be used to drive higher resolution displays in the future
  • ccampy
    There's not multiple types of cables USB 2.0 and 3.0 cables are identical they don't have to be blue to be 3.0 they are unchanged cables wise there's only the different type of conecters A B and the new universal C type
  • Joe Black
    These mixed version mobos are annoying. I bought a board with mostly USB2, but 2x USB3 and its a great board - I still have it and it works just dandy, but it is annoying to hunt for the USB3 ports when I plug my portables in.
  • qlum
    I tend to fill up all the 2.0s anyway with webcam, mouse and some other stuff so I can only plug into usb3 in the back.
  • kenjitamura
    I'm going to buy devices that use the Type-C connector over products using the older USB connector whenever possible. We need to get off older USB and micro/mini USB ASAP.
  • chris987
    still waiting for the reversible type - c ! :)
  • NehaM
    Here is a helpful technical comparison between the USB 3.1 vs USB 3.0 specs.
    http://www.arrowdevices.com/blog/usb-31-vs-usb-30-technical-comparison/