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Seagate Savvio 10K.4 (ST9600204SS, 600 GB)

Enterprise Storage: Two 2.5" 600 GB Hard Drives Tested
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The first Savvio drive arrived in 2004, and it was still based on an Ultra320 SCSI interface. At that time, the 10 000 RPM Savvio provided as much throughput as notebook hard drives did two years ago. The second-generation Savvio 10K.2 and the first 15K.1 were already based on SAS at 3 Gb/s. The Savvio 15K.1 at 15 000 RPM in 2007 was good enough to receive our editor’s choice award. Only last year, we tested the Savvio 10K.3 (10 000 RPM) and 15K.2 (15 000 RPM) in a large enterprise hard drive roundup. Both of these drives were among the first enterprise products that implemented the faster SAS 6Gb/s interface. The Savvio 10K.3 was great at delivering high efficiency, while the 15K.2 dominated our I/O benchmarks. It's time to look at the latest Savvio offering, especially since fresh competition has arrived.

The Savvio 10K.4 is Seagate's forth generation, and if you realize that it took six years for four product updates, you see that the enterprise market is much more conservative than the mobile and desktop segments, where new products are launched once or twice each year. This latest Savvio spins at 10 000 RPM and is available at 450 GB and 600 GB capacities. Both drives utilize three platters to reach their capacity. Since the 450 GB model does not take advantage of the full recording area on each of its platters, the drive can deliver slightly improved access time and I/O results.

Both drives come with SATA 6Gb/s interfaces and 16 MB of cache memory. Seagate still offers a Fibre Channel version (4 Gb/s), and there are SAS models with built-in encryption (TCG-compliant controller required). Seagate boasts that the Savvio 10K.4 is the first enterprise drive to deliver two million hours MTBF (mean-time between failure). This is at least 20% more than usual in this field.

The drive remains relatively cool, literally, with a surface temperature of 60°C after 30 minutes of intensive operation. However, the Toshiba drive runs cooler. We measured an impressive peak throughput of more than 140 MB/s. But again, Toshiba comes out slightly on top.

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  • 0 Hide
    jjamess , July 30, 2010 3:06 PM
    The only reason you should be using those 2.5" drives if it you need to conserve rack space, over worrying about performance.
  • 0 Hide
    WyomingKnott , July 30, 2010 4:07 PM
    Please teach me something: If the throughput reaches 140 MB/s, or 1.4 Gb/s after allowing for 8/10 encoding, what is the advantage of a 6 Gb/s interface? I know that interfaces don't run at their max in the real world, but under 50%?
  • 0 Hide
    cjl , July 30, 2010 5:05 PM
    WyomingKnottPlease teach me something: If the throughput reaches 140 MB/s, or 1.4 Gb/s after allowing for 8/10 encoding, what is the advantage of a 6 Gb/s interface? I know that interfaces don't run at their max in the real world, but under 50%?


    It can read full speed from (and write full speed to) the cache. Other than that, you're right, the interface bandwidth is unnecessary for most things.

  • 0 Hide
    liquidsnake718 , July 30, 2010 10:19 PM
    Any indication on the prices for this? So far I haven t seen 10k rpm 2.5hdds in my area, even the specialty stores only have the 3.5's 10k rpm drives at most.
  • 0 Hide
    g00ey , July 31, 2010 12:39 AM
    WyomingKnott & cjl: There is also an "overhead" to consider as there is an overhead when transferring TCP packets. Not only pure data is transferred over the SAS bus, but also other things such as SATA/SCSI commands, parity bits etc. The limit will be pushed further when using RAID setups, especially when connecting the hard drives using port multipliers where several drives have to share a channel. A SAS controller typically provide 4 channels per connector but it is possible to connect many more hard drives to it using multipliers.

    Another aspect of the SAS/SATA bus is the latency which is especially important performance wise when it comes to solid state drives. I would say that the latency is even more crucial to performance than the bandwidth.
  • -2 Hide
    wotan31 , July 31, 2010 3:38 PM
    jjamessThe only reason you should be using those 2.5" drives if it you need to conserve rack space, over worrying about performance.

    You are wrong. These drives use a tiny fraction of power compared to 3.5" models. Power savings, not just for the servers themselves, but from the air conditioners in the room, are a big focus in today's datacenter. Furthermore, these drives when used inside a server, are going to be in a mirrored pair for the OS. You don't care about the disk performance of the OS on a server. That's not where your application or data is running. Used as application or data volumes, these are going to be attached to a RAID controller, dozens or more of these drives, so you simply size your number of RAID set members to meet your performance target. The individual performance of one of these drives isn't really that relevant. Sorry, but the server world is a very different place from the kiddie peecee world you're used to.
  • 2 Hide
    rbarone69 , July 31, 2010 7:31 PM
    jjamessThe only reason you should be using those 2.5" drives if it you need to conserve rack space, over worrying about performance.



    It's also about performance density. If I can get the same performance with half the space I can double my performance in the alloted space.


    Have you ever bought or run any kind of managed storage (SANs). If you have you'd know the high cost of the units that house these disks. An Equalogic PS6000 will set you back around 50k (and that's the low end vs emc or netapp) The more spindles I can put in those the better the performance and the lower the overall cost.

    Equinix runs rack and power leases for around 1000-1200+/month for a single rack in their facilities. It adds up when you have to pay monthly to power and house your 3.5" drives...

    My point is space conservation is sometimes performance.

    I dont even know why I'm posting. It wont matter in a few more years... SSDs will be taking over.
  • 1 Hide
    Anonymous , July 31, 2010 9:59 PM
    Why doesn't the Test Setup / Hardware page list the SAS controller and drivers used?
  • 1 Hide
    a7xfire , August 1, 2010 7:23 AM
    very true about SSD's
  • 0 Hide
    jrst , August 2, 2010 12:32 AM
    Quote:
    WyomingKnott : Please teach me something: If the throughput reaches 140 MB/s, or 1.4 Gb/s after allowing for 8/10 encoding, what is the advantage of a 6 Gb/s interface? I know that interfaces don't run at their max in the real world, but under 50%?


    The advantages aren't apparent if you're looking only at the drive interface, or if you have a pure point-to-point topology with one controller port/channel per drive.

    However, SAS allows more complex interconnects. Large arrays tend to have multiple SAS drives competing for a smaller number of controller ports/channels through port expanders/multipliers. (SATA also has port expanders, but they're more limited.)

    E.g., A shelf 24 SAS drives doesn't typically have one controller port/channel per drive--that would be horribly expensive and a cabling nightmare. Instead, through port multipliers/expanders, those 24 drives might be connected to only 1-2 SAS ports on the controller (typically at least 2 in for redundancy).

    Consider arrays with large numbers of drives and the benefits of SAS, and SAS 6Gbps, become apparent.
  • 0 Hide
    jrst , August 2, 2010 9:39 AM
    WyomingKnottPlease teach me something: If the throughput reaches 140 MB/s, or 1.4 Gb/s after allowing for 8/10 encoding, what is the advantage of a 6 Gb/s interface? I know that interfaces don't run at their max in the real world, but under 50%?


    p.s. In addition to my previous comment, you'll notice that the _interface speed_ for these drives (among others) exceeds 300MBps (bottom chart pg. 5). Even though their sustained xfer is ~50% of that, the interface speed is very important--it allows the drives to xfer their data over the SAS channel that much faster, and release the channel that much quicker, making the channel available for other drives to xfer their data--very important when dealing with large numbers of drives.
  • 0 Hide
    nforce4max , August 2, 2010 8:44 PM
    As far as temps are concerned they are high. On my workstation the lowest temp I have seen was a meager 22c while the hottest was only 42c. My 3 sata drives stay under 45c while the two top ide drives stay under 40c in daily use.
  • 0 Hide
    Casper42 , August 3, 2010 11:27 PM
    Any enteprise admins out there notice that Dell and IBM are selling these drives already but HP is not?
  • 0 Hide
    eth77 , March 24, 2013 10:50 AM
    What is the maximum transaction size of the chipset on your MB? Can it handle 4K transactions in a single transfer?

    I'm interested in the performance of the real world chipsets when transfering 300 GB files and larger, so you've given me a tantalizing peek at what might be possible, but there's a lot of info still missing.
  • 0 Hide
    eth77 , March 24, 2013 10:51 AM
    Oops, I'm referring to 4KB transactions on the PCI-e I/F.