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New PC? Change These Windows Settings Right Away

Simple Ways to Improve Your Experience

Congratulations! You've just received a new PC, taken it out of the box, plugged it in and powered it up for the first time. Everything works competently, but before you start gaming or posting to Facebook, there are some Windows settings that you need to change. Whether through an over-abundance of caution or a desire to pander to computer illiterate users, Microsoft has some default preferences that will slow you down.

If you're building a computer and need to install an OS, see our article on how to get Windows 10 for Free or Cheap.
Image Credit: ymgerman / Shutterstock

Unhide File Extensions and Hidden Files

Clearly, Microsoft thinks that file extensions are too complicated for the unwashed masses. So, by default, Windows 10 hides the ".docx" or ".jpg" or ".exe" suffixes that appear at the end of file names. This way, when you get a spreadsheet from a friend, File Explorer will show that it's a "Microsoft Excel Worksheet" whether it's an Excel 2003 .xls file or a modern-day .xlsx file. Good luck with that!

To make file extensions visible again, enter "file extensions" in the Cortana search box, click "Show or Hide File Extensions" and then uncheck "Hide Extensions for Known File Types." While you're at it, toggle "Show hidden files, folders and drives" to on so you can see all your system files.

Get Rid of the Useless Lock Screen

When your computer is locked (or first boots), by default, Windows 10 shows you a lock screen with the time, a wallpaper and maybe (if you allow) some notifications. If you use Windows Hello facial or fingerprint recognition, you can log in by staring at the screen or putting one of your digits on the scanner. But, if you use a password, you have to click to dismiss the lock screen before the OS will allow you to enter your credentials.

That's one extra, unnecessary click every single time you want to unlock your PC. To get rid of the annoying lock screen and save your tired fingers,open the registry editor and navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_Machine\SOFTWARE\Policies\Microsoft\Windows and create a new key called Personalization if it doesn't already exist. Within the Personalization key, create a DWORD (32-bit) value called NoLockScreen and set it to 1.

Force Windows to Close Apps at Shutdown

It's so annoying. You go to shutdown or restart your PC and you walk away, expecting your computer to be powered off (or rebooted) by the time you come back. You go to the fridge, grab a drink and return to find a message on your screen that says you have apps which aren't closed.

Maybe you just had a nearly-empty notepad doc or a picture in Photoshop that you didn't want to save because you already copied and pasted the data into another app. Now, Windows is nagging you to go back and close all your apps manually. Yes, Windows gives you a button that says "Shut down anyway," but you have to hit it and wait for the system to hopefully force close the apps. 

The best solution is to open the registry editor, navigate to \HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop and create three strings (if they don't already exist). Create AutoEndTasks and set it to 1, create WaitToKillAppTimeOut and set it to 2000. Finally, create HungAppTimeOut and set that to 2000 also.

Change the Title Bar Colors

Windows 10's default title bar color is a bland white, which is not only boring, but kind of hard to look at. Fortunately, it's easy to assign an accent color to title bars, the Start Menu and the taskbar.

Navigate to Settings->Personalization->Colors, pick a color and check the boxes next to "Start, taskbar and action center" and "Title bars and window borders."

Switch Default Browsers

There's a reason why Microsoft Edge has only 4 percent of the desktop browser market. It's not a bad browser, but most people prefer the rich ecosystem of extensions and broad support that Chrome and Firefox enjoy. If Microsoft Edge opens the site every time you click a link in your email software or instant messaging app, you need to change the default browser. 

To change your default browser, first make sure you have the new browser installed. Search for "default apps" in the Cortana box and click the top result. Scroll down to "web browser," click the Edge icon and choose the browser you want to use.

Prevent Windows From Re-Opening Apps On Restart

You have a ton of programs open -- so many that it's taxing your computer's system resources and causing lots of lag. You decide to restart your computer so to clear out the memory, but when you log in again, the OS opens all the same programs you had active before. Microsoft thinks it's doing you a favor by letting you pick up where you left off, but you'd be better off only re-opening the apps and tabs that you need right now.

To stop Windows 10 from automatically re-opening programs on reboot, navigate to Settings->Accounts->Sign-in Options and scroll down to the Privacy subhead. Then turn the toggle to off for "Use my sign-in to automatically finish setting up my device and reopen my apps after an update or restart."

Protect Your Privacy

By default, Windows 10 shares a lot of data with Microsoft about your usage habits. Fortunately, by changing a few settings, you can keep at least some of your information out of the software giant's hands. 

Navigate to Settings->Privacy and toggle all the settings to off. These currently include four options: "Let apps use advertising ID, " "Let websites provide locally relevant content," "Let Windows track app launches" and "Show me suggested content."

Enable System Protection / Restore Points

If something, like a bad driver, prevents Windows from booting or causes frequent blue screens of death, one likely solution is to return Windows 10 to its previous state. The best way to take a step back to a previous configuration (with the old driver or update or settings) is to do a system restore.

However,, by default,  System Protection, the feature which creates restore points you can return to, may be off. Turn on System Protection by typing "restore point" into the search box, clicking the top result, selecting your boot drive (usually C drive) and then toggling "Turn on system protection" to on. We recommend setting maximum disk space usage to at least 5GB. Also you'll want ot click the "Create" button to set up your first restore point.

Enable Storage Sense to Save Space

Unless you have a 2TB SSD in your system, you can always use more free space. Windows 10 has an optional feature called Storage Sense, which automatically purges files you no longer need in order to free up precious gigabytes for you.

To enable Storage Sense, navigate to Settings->System->Storage and then click "Change how we free up space automatically." Toggle Storage Sense to On, set it to run every day and to delete files in your recycle bin and downloads folder every 14 days (or every day if you want o be more aggressive).

After you've changed those settings hit the Clean Now button to free some space right away.

Adjust Your Display Scaling

Out of the box, Windows decides how large to make the text, icons and other widgets. A lot of the time, particularly on laptops, the operating system decides to operate at 150 percent or larger scaling, which makes it easier read but lets you fit less on the screen.

To adjust the scaling to meet your personal preferences, navigate to Settings->System->Display and scroll down to the "Scale and layout" header. Then try different percentages until you find the one that works best for you. If you can see 100 percent scaling comfortably, that's ideal, because it provides the most screen real estate.

  • Lutfij
    Good tips! ;)
  • fmstrat
    Holy crap. Seriously? Disable UAC? So of you're an admin user any malware on the planet can invisibly install helpers? This is rediculous advice and should be edited.
  • RememberThe5th
    Who needs uac when you are admin of PC in your home, you should know what you are downloading.
    Its pretty anoying.

    Another thing to add, even if you are an admin of windows , you still cannot change some things.
  • judicus.temp
    This is the 'ease of user quality of life' not the best security mix of setting changes, of course there are a thousand other settings to adjust that are worse.
  • allen.conway
    "might want to change" rather than "should change", would be better advice, and, even then, reasons for not following the advice should be given too - except if the audience here is considered to be too expert to need a for and against approach - but in that case why give it at all?
  • springdale
    Congratulations on the tip to disable UAC...
  • Rexer
    'Show hidden files and extensions'. If you surf the internet to any extent, this should be closed. It prevents viruses, worms and malware from seeking out jpg, pdf, exe, etc. files they're may be programmed to search and destroy. The only times this should be opened is when you're running a complete anti-virus/malware scan or you don't see a file you know is there.
  • RememberThe5th
    Lol... Ive been with disabled uac for years, no issues with virus or anything, if you are smart enough you wouldnt download crap from internet.
    Thats what are VM used for...
    Adblocker blocks popups and ads which use cookies , also thanks to google whatever you say with microphone on that ad will pop up.

    The thing that more worries you is uac, than stealing personal information, like microsoft does.
    Or other companies, softwares etc.

    Also for hidden files some antivirus or malware scans dont have rights to scan hidden folders, thats why i use hitmanpro or rogue scanner.

    Also that nobody mentioned as I remember that if you disable uac I think you cannot use microsoft store?
  • ehrharttaylor
    Wow... definitely would advise against not disabling UAC. This is coming from a power user.
  • alextheblue
    Windows' User Account Control (UAC) gives you an aggressive warning every time you want to install software or change a key system setting. In other words, you have to be alerted to your own behavior so you can think twice about it. But since you presumably graduated kindergarten, you don't need this kind of paternalism.
    No, that's not the only purpose of UAC, as others have pointed how. Kind of funny seeing someone recommend disabling something they don't understand. How often do you have to deal with UAC prompts? Personally I don't see them very often. If the answer is rarely, leave it on. If you CONSTANTLY see UAC prompts, you can adjust it... still wouldn't recommend turning it off.

    Next you'll recommend disabling the firewall. Damn thing prompts me sometimes! Feh! Who needs security.

    most people prefer the rich ecosystem of extensions and broad support that Chrome and Firefox enjoy.
    I do like Firefox but I mostly use Edge these days. It's good enough to be a daily driver and it works well on my desktop and 2-in-1 touchscreen alike. I don't use a crapload of extensions but all the ones I want are there. Such as Adguard, which I intentionally disable on TH and AT, despite the swarm of ads. So that I can... support you giving questionable advice about UAC? I guess.