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Advanced Transient Response Tests
For details about our transient response testing, please click here.
In the real world, power supplies are always working with loads that change. It's of immense importance, then, for the PSU to keep its rails within the ATX specification's defined ranges. The smaller the deviations, the more stable your PC will be with less stress applied to its components.
We should note that the ATX spec requires capacitive loading during the transient rests, but in our methodology, we also choose to apply a worst case scenario with no additional capacitance on the rails.
Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 20ms
Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 10ms
Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 1ms
Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 20ms
Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 10ms
Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 1ms
Transient response is good at 12V. This was a pleasant surprise! The other rails have a decent transient response. The 3.3V rail's deviations are not high, but the low initial voice leads to low voltages once the transient load is applied.
Turn-On Transient Tests
In the next set of tests, we measure the PSU's response in simpler transient load scenarios—during its power-on phase. Ideally, we don't want to see any voltage overshoots or spikes since those put a lot of stress on the DC-DC converters of installed components.
The turn-on transient response is good.
Power Supply Timing Tests
There are several signals generated by the power supply, which need to be within specified, by the ATX spec, ranges. If they are not, there can be compatibility issues with other system parts, especially mainboards. From year 2020, the PSU's Power-on time (T1) has to be lower than 150ms and the PWR_OK delay (T3) from 100 to 150ms, to be compatible with the Alternative Sleep Mode.
|T1 (Power-on time) & T3 (PWR_OK delay)||Row 0 - Cell 2|
PSU Timing Charts
The PWR_OK delay is within the 100-150ms region, so the PSU supports alternative lower power modes, as is recommended by the ATX spec.
Ripple represents the AC fluctuations (periodic) and noise (random) found in the PSU's DC rails. This phenomenon significantly decreases the capacitors' lifespan because it causes them to run hotter. A 10-degree Celsius increase can cut into a cap's useful life by 50%. Ripple also plays an important role in overall system stability, especially when overclocking is involved.
The ripple limits, according to the ATX specification, are 120mV (+12V) and 50mV (5V, 3.3V, and 5VSB).
|10% Load||12.6 mV||8.2 mV||10.3 mV||9.6 mV||Pass|
|20% Load||10.4 mV||8.1 mV||14.3 mV||8.3 mV||Pass|
|30% Load||11.3 mV||9.0 mV||11.6 mV||10.9 mV||Pass|
|40% Load||17.5 mV||8.9 mV||11.2 mV||10.3 mV||Pass|
|50% Load||20.7 mV||10.0 mV||13.1 mV||11.8 mV||Pass|
|60% Load||24.4 mV||10.1 mV||13.8 mV||13.3 mV||Pass|
|70% Load||26.8 mV||11.3 mV||13.6 mV||15.3 mV||Pass|
|80% Load||28.5 mV||13.4 mV||17.3 mV||16.7 mV||Pass|
|90% Load||36.3 mV||23.2 mV||36.4 mV||17.4 mV||Pass|
|100% Load||53.8 mV||27.4 mV||40.3 mV||21.9 mV||Pass|
|110% Load||58.4 mV||27.9 mV||42.7 mV||22.8 mV||Pass|
|Crossload 1||16.2 mV||11.9 mV||16.9 mV||5.7 mV||Pass|
|Crossload 2||55.7 mV||26.6 mV||36.7 mV||16.5 mV||Pass|
Ripple suppression is not so good at 3.3V, and we would like to see below 40mV at 12V.
Ripple At Full Load
Ripple At 110% Load
Ripple At Cross-Load 1
Ripple At Cross-Load 2
EMC Pre-Compliance Testing – Average & Quasi-Peak EMI Detector Results
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) is the ability of a device to operate properly in its environment without disrupting the proper operation of other nearby devices.
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) stands for the electromagnetic energy a device emits, and it can cause problems in other nearby devices if too high. For example, it can be the cause of increased static noise in your headphones or/and speakers.
The EMI emissions are in control since we didn't find any spurs going over the respective limits.
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Aris Mpitziopoulos is a Contributing Editor at Tom's Hardware US, covering PSUs.