Market Survey, Part 1: A Comparison Of The Latest Pentium 4 Motherboards

Router Configuration

UPnP detection of the Realtek router in Windows XP.

Logging into the administrator menu of the 8651 Realtek router.

The start page of the configuration menu, with ample configuration options.

The router supports a multitude of functions like DHCP, PPPoE dial-in, and updating dynamic DNS addresses.
RTL8650/RTL8651 Advanced Home Gateway Controller
System Processor LX4180 32-bit RISC CPU
Embedded 4K I-Cache, 4K D-Cache, 8K I-RAM, 4K D-RAM
Integrated Switch 6-port integrated MAC switch with 5-port physical layer and transceiver for 10Base-T and 100Base-TX
Automatic MDI/MDX crossover on all ports
Supports sixth Port 5, MAC interface with 3 configurations to connect to external MAC or PHY
PHY mode MII (also known as Reverse MII) for router application
PHY mode SNI (also known as GPSI or 7 wires) for router application
MAC mode MII for HomePNA or other PHY application
L2 Capabilities 1024-entry 4-way hash look-up table and 16-entry CAM
Supports source and destination MAC address filtering
Supports 8 active VLANs with 4096 VID number spaces to distinguish IP interfaces
Supports port-based and packet-tagged VLANs
Supports VLAN-based spanning tree forwarding
Supports IEEE 802.1x port-based Network Access Control
Non-blocking wire-speed reception and transmission and non-head-of-line-blocking forwarding
Complies with IEEE 802.3, 802.3u, 802.1D, and 802.1Q
Flexible full-duplex 802.3x flow control and optional half-duplex backpressure flow control
L3 Capabilities Supports 8-entry IPv4 hardware routing table and longest-prefix-matching table lookup
Supports hardware ARP table for host IP addresses
L4 Capabilities Supports hardware-switched Network Address Port Translation (NAPT) for TCP, UDP, and ICMP protocols
Supports hardware-switched 1-1 Network Address Translation (NAT) for IP protocol
Supports hardware-switched server ports (virtual servers)
Supports Application Level Gateway (ALG) tables for packets that should be further processed by software
QoS Support Supports 2-level QoS based on port, VLAN tag, TCP/IP TOS/DS, L2/L3 table entry, and firewall rule
Supports policy-based QoS
PPPoE Support Supports configurable automatic PPPoE encapsulation and decapsulation
Up to 8 PPPoE sessions
Firewall Capabilities Supports 128 hardware Access Control List (ACL) rules for packet filtering
Supports both ingress and egress filtering
Supports field filtering for Ethernet, PPPoE, IP, TCP, UDP, ICMP, and IGMP protocols
Supports Stateful Packet inspection (SPI) firewall
Supports whole packet inspection function to scan contents of incoming packets
Supports policy-based routing function
Supports policy-based QoS function
Supports policy-based mirroring function
Peripherals USB v1.1 host controller
33 MHz PCI v2.2 host interface for glueless connection of up to two devices (RTL8651 only)
PCMCIA or memory interface
Two 16C550-compatible UARTs
22 GPIOs
System Design 208-pin PQFP package for RTL8650
292-pin TFBGA package for RTL8651
3.3V power supply
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