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MSI MPG A1000G Power Supply Review

The MPG A1000G is MSI's flagship PSU, with enough power to handle any of the current generation GPUs.

MSI MPG A1000G
(Image: © Tom's Hardware)

Advanced Transient Response Tests

For details about our transient response testing, please click here.

In the real world, power supplies are always working with loads that change. It's of immense importance, then, for the PSU to keep its rails within the ATX specification's defined ranges. The smaller the deviations, the more stable your PC will be with less stress applied to its components. 

We should note that the ATX spec requires capacitive loading during the transient rests, but in our methodology, we also choose to apply a worst case scenario with no additional capacitance on the rails. 

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 20ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.051V11.878V1.43%Pass
5V5.011V4.910V2.01%Pass
3.3V3.277V3.158V3.63%Pass
5VSB5.032V4.966V1.32%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 10ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.054V11.888V1.38%Pass
5V5.011V4.911V2.01%Pass
3.3V3.277V3.158V3.63%Pass
5VSB5.032V4.967V1.29%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 1ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.056V11.942V0.94%Pass
5V5.012V4.922V1.80%Pass
3.3V3.277V3.155V3.74%Pass
5VSB5.032V4.982V1.00%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 20ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.027V11.914V0.94%Pass
5V4.998V4.915V1.65%Pass
3.3V3.266V3.144V3.72%Pass
5VSB5.084V5.037V0.93%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 10ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.030V11.921V0.91%Pass
5V4.999V4.911V1.75%Pass
3.3V3.266V3.138V3.92%Pass
5VSB5.085V5.048V0.74%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 1ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.032V11.936V0.80%Pass
5V4.999V4.913V1.71%Pass
3.3V3.266V3.138V3.91%Pass
5VSB5.085V5.044V0.80%Pass

Transient response is average at 12V and 5V and good at 5VSB, which doesn't matter much anyway. At 3.3V, the deviations are not large, but the rail drops way below 3.2V when the transient load is applied because of the low initial voltage. 

Turn-On Transient Tests

In the next set of tests, we measure the PSU's response in simpler transient load scenarios—during its power-on phase. Ideally, we don't want to see any voltage overshoots or spikes since those put a lot of stress on the DC-DC converters of installed components.

There is a small voltage overshoot at 5VSB, which is nothing to worry about. Both 12V slopes are almost perfect. 

Power Supply Timing Tests

There are several signals generated by the power supply, which need to be within specified, by the ATX spec, ranges. If they are not, there can be compatibility issues with other system parts, especially mainboards. From year 2020, the PSU's Power-on time (T1) has to be lower than 150ms and the PWR_OK delay (T3) from 100 to 150ms, to be compatible with the Alternative Sleep Mode.

PSU Timings Table
T1 (Power-on time) & T3 (PWR_OK delay)
LoadT1T3
20%50ms140ms
100%50ms140ms

The PWR_OK delay is within the 100-150ms region, so the PSU supports the Alternative Low Power Mode (ALPM) recommended by the ATX v3.0 spec.

Ripple Measurements

Ripple represents the AC fluctuations (periodic) and noise (random) found in the PSU's DC rails. This phenomenon significantly decreases the capacitors' lifespan because it causes them to run hotter. A 10-degree Celsius increase can cut into a cap's useful life by 50%. Ripple also plays an important role in overall system stability, especially when overclocking is involved.

The ripple limits, according to the ATX specification, are 120mV (+12V) and 50mV (5V, 3.3V, and 5VSB).

Test12V5V3.3V5VSBPass/Fail
10% Load4.9 mV6.2 mV4.7 mV6.2 mVPass
20% Load11.4 mV5.9 mV4.8 mV6.0 mVPass
30% Load9.1 mV6.2 mV6.7 mV6.8 mVPass
40% Load9.2 mV6.5 mV5.4 mV7.4 mVPass
50% Load9.5 mV6.8 mV5.7 mV7.3 mVPass
60% Load10.3 mV7.6 mV5.8 mV7.3 mVPass
70% Load10.5 mV8.1 mV6.2 mV8.4 mVPass
80% Load11.8 mV8.6 mV10.3 mV8.7 mVPass
90% Load12.2 mV9.3 mV10.8 mV8.9 mVPass
100% Load21.0 mV10.1 mV11.5 mV10.5 mVPass
110% Load21.2 mV10.6 mV12.0 mV11.1 mVPass
Crossload 110.1 mV8.7 mV11.8 mV10.6 mVPass
Crossload 27.7 mV11.2 mV5.7 mV10.1 mVPass
Crossload 36.6 mV5.8 mV15.0 mV9.6 mVPass
Crossload 419.4 mV8.8 mV6.7 mV13.4 mVPass

Ripple suppression is good. 

Ripple At Full Load

Ripple At 110% Load

Ripple At Cross-Load 1

Ripple At Cross-Load 4

EMC Pre-Compliance Testing – Average & Quasi-Peak EMI Detector Results

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) is the ability of a device to operate properly in its environment without disrupting the proper operation of other nearby devices.

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) stands for the electromagnetic energy a device emits, and it can cause problems in other nearby devices if too high. For example, it can be the cause of increased static noise in your headphones or/and speakers.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

EMI emissions are high, in the 522 to 882 KHz range. 

MORE: Best Power Supplies

MORE: How We Test Power Supplies

MORE: All Power Supply Content

Aris Mpitziopoulos
Aris Mpitziopoulos

Aris Mpitziopoulos is a Contributing Editor at Tom's Hardware US, covering PSUs.

  • vinay2070
    Would AIBs be using the 12 pin GPU connectors for Ada? Or is it just nvidia reference cards? I read that Radeon cards will stick to the existing 8 pin connectors.
    Reply