Comparison Products (4TB)
The 4TB Rocket 4 Plus-G challenges the fastest drives, and some drives had to be tested at 2TB as 4TB models. Our list that includes the Samsung 990 Pro, the WD Black SN850X, and the SK hynix Platinum P41. High-end 4TB drives include the Seagate FireCuda 530, the Team Cardea A440 Pro, and the updated Sabrent Rocket 4 Plus. We include the WD Red SN700 as an example of an older, slower drive.
Trace Testing - 3DMark Storage Benchmark
Built for gamers, 3DMark’s Storage Benchmark focuses on real-world gaming performance. Each round in this benchmark stresses storage based on gaming activities including loading games, saving progress, installing game files, and recording gameplay video streams.
The 4TB Rocket 4 Plus-G is capable in 3DMark, but falls behind the very fastest drive — the Samsung 990 Pro is the king in this test.
Trace Testing – PCMark 10 Storage Benchmark
PCMark 10 is a trace-based benchmark that uses a wide-ranging set of real-world traces from popular applications and everyday tasks to measure the performance of storage devices.
The Rocket 4 Plus-G continues trail the 990 Pro, the P41, and the Black SN850X in PCMark 10. Only the Black SN850X currently has a 4TB model available, but we have not yet tested it. The Phison controller is perhaps showing its age, but remember that those three drives are also 2TB. At a certain point, capacity can lead to a bit of reduced performance due to overhead from the amount of flash dies.
Transfer Rates – DiskBench
We use the DiskBench storage benchmarking tool to test file transfer performance with a custom, 50GB dataset. We copy 31,227 files of various types, such as pictures, PDFs, and videos to a new folder and then follow-up with a reading test of a newly-written 6.5GB zip file.
The high-end drives are all fairly close together in DiskBench as a limitation of the interface, but the Rocket 4 Plus-G is among the best. Only the Platinum P41 appears to be significantly faster.
Synthetic Testing - ATTO / CrystalDiskMark
ATTO and CrystalDiskMark (CDM) are free and easy-to-use storage benchmarking tools that SSD vendors commonly use to assign performance specifications to their products. Both of these tools give us insight into how each device handles different file sizes.
The Rocket 4 Plus-G is consistently performant in ATTO. Sequential results in CrystalDiskMark are similarly consistent with high performance. That applies to all but low queue depth read workloads — the Platinum P41 and Black SN850X edge out the drive in that particular test. 4K low queue depth performance is excellent with only the 990 Pro being significantly faster during read workloads. These results also show general improvements compared to a last-generation drive like the Red SN700.
Sustained Write Performance and Cache Recovery
Official write specifications are only part of the performance picture. Most SSDs implement a write cache, which is a fast area of (usually) pseudo-SLC programmed flash that absorbs incoming data. Sustained write speeds can suffer tremendously once the workload spills outside of the cache and into the "native" TLC or QLC flash. We use Iometer to hammer the SSD with sequential writes for 15 minutes to measure both the size of the write cache and performance after the cache is saturated. We also monitor cache recovery via multiple idle rounds.
The 4TB Rocket 4 Plus-G writes in pSLC mode at 6.89 GBps for a bit over 64 seconds, suggesting a cache of around 443GB. After the cache is exhausted, the write speed in TLC mode is around 3.88 GBps. These speeds are a little bit slower than the 2TB model, as we would expect at 4TB with the required amount of dies. The drive again manages to write more over time than any other drive we’ve tested, including a bit of an improvement over the Rocket 4 Plus.
The Red SN700 stands out a bit here because it actually manages to keep up with the 990 Pro, given enough time. This is because it is a NAS drive with a conservative pSLC cache. For that type of workload, it’s still a reasonable choice if it’s priced right - particularly if you need 4TB of capacity.
Power Consumption and Temperature
We use the Quarch HD Programmable Power Module to gain a deeper understanding of power characteristics. Idle power consumption is an important aspect to consider, especially if you're looking for a laptop upgrade as even the best ultrabooks can have mediocre storage.
Some SSDs can consume watts of power at idle while better-suited ones sip just milliwatts. Average workload power consumption and max consumption are two other aspects of power consumption, but performance-per-watt is more important. A drive might consume more power during any given workload, but accomplishing a task faster allows the drive to drop into an idle state more quickly, ultimately saving energy.
We also monitor the drive’s temperature via the S.M.A.R.T. data and an IR thermometer to see when (or if) thermal throttling kicks in and how it impacts performance. Remember that results will vary based on the workload and ambient air temperature.
The Rocket 4 Plus-G is not very efficient, but it is the most efficient drive at 4TB. The smaller-capacity models of the drive are more efficient and so are the 2TB drives being compared here. This is a lot of storage space to pack into one M.2 drive - Sabrent managed 8TB on the Rocket 4 Plus with denser flash, and efficiency was relatively poor — so some compromises have to be made. The Rocket 4 Plus-G is also more efficient than the PCIe 3.0 Red SN700.
Using the same conditions for thermal testing as with the 1TB and 2TB, the 4TB Rocket 4 Plus-G reaches a throttling point near 78C after 730GB of writes. This is a large amount of writes, but it’s also a 4TB drive. We recommend a heatsink, if possible.
MORE: Best SSDs
MORE: All SSD Content