Page 1:Features & Specifications
Page 2:Unboxing Video
Page 3:Teardown & Component Analysis
Page 4:Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time & Inrush Current
Page 5:Efficiency, Temperature & Noise
Page 6:Protection Features
Page 7:Cross-Load Tests & Infrared Images
Page 8:Transient Response Tests
Page 9:Ripple Measurements
Page 10:EMC Pre-Compliance Testing
Page 11:Performance, Value, Noise & Efficiency
Page 12:Final Analysis
Efficiency, Temperature & Noise
Our efficiency testing procedure is detailed here.
Using results from the previous page, we plotted a chart showing the HCG850’s efficiency at low loads, and loads from 10 to 110 percent of its maximum-rated capacity.
Our sample's efficiency is notably lower under normal loads than what you're about to see at light load levels.
Efficiency At Low Loads
In the following tests, we measure the HCG850's efficiency at loads significantly lower than 10 percent of its maximum capacity (the lowest load the 80 PLUS standard measures). The loads we dialed were 20, 40, 60, and 80W. This is important for representing when a PC is idle, with power-saving features turned on.
|Test #||12V||5V||3.3V||5VSB||DC/AC (Watts)||Efficiency||Fan Speed||PSU Noise||PF/AC Volts|
|1||1.205A||0.489A||0.476A||0.196A||19.716||68.473%||0 RPM||<6.0 dB(A)||0.835|
|2||2.429A||0.987A||0.985A||0.391A||39.802||79.515%||0 RPM||<6.0 dB(A)||0.924|
|3||3.657A||1.474A||1.496A||5.081A||59.918||83.998%||0 RPM||<6.0 dB(A)||0.954|
|4||4.869A||1.983A||1.976A||0.786A||79.822||86.317%||0 RPM||<6.0 dB(A)||0.968|
The HCG850's efficiency is satisfactory under light loads. Across all four tests, its cooling fan is deactivated.
The ATX specification, along with CEC, ErP Lot 3 2014 and ErP Lot 6 2010/2013, states that 5VSB standby supply efficiency should be as high as possible, recommending 75 percent or higher with 550mA, 1A, and 1.5A of load. The PSU should also achieve higher than 75% efficiency at 5VSB under full load, or with 3A if its max current output on this rail is higher than 3A.
We take six measurements: one each at 100, 250, 550, 1000, and 1500mA, and one with the full load the 5VSB rail can handle.
|Test #||5VSB||DC/AC (Watts)||Efficiency||PF/AC Volts|
The 5VSB rail isn't particularly efficient. Seasonic really should fix this in the next revision of its Focus platform.
Power Consumption In Idle And Standby
In the table below, you'll find the power consumption and voltage values of all rails (except -12V) when the PSU is idle (powered on, but without any load on its rails), and the power consumption when the PSU is in standby mode (without any load, at 5VSB).
The HCG850's energy consumption in standby mode is very low with both voltage inputs.
Fan RPM, Delta Temperature, And Output Noise
Our mixed noise testing is described in detail here.
The first chart below illustrates the cooling fan's speed (in RPM), and the delta between input and output temperature. The results were obtained at 37°C (98.6°F) to 46°C (114.8°F) ambient temperature.
The next chart shows the cooling fan's speed (again, in RPM) and output noise. We measured acoustics from one meter away, inside a hemi-anechoic chamber. Background noise inside the chamber was below 6 dB(A) during testing (it's actually much lower, but our sound meter’s microphone hits its floor), and the results were obtained with the PSU operating at 37°C (98.6°F) to 46°C (114.8°F) ambient temperature.
The following graph illustrates the fan's output noise over the PSU's operating range. The same conditions of the above graph apply to our measurements, though the ambient temperature was between 30°C (86°F) to 32°C (89.6°F).
Antec's passive mode doesn't last long. Fortunately, up through around 450W of load, the PSU's noise is kept below 15 dB(A). Under more taxing load levels, the fan's speed ramps up quickly. At loads in excess of 750W, the noise output exceeds 45 dB(A).
MORE: Best Power Supplies
MORE: All Power Supply Content
- Features & Specifications
- Unboxing Video
- Teardown & Component Analysis
- Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time & Inrush Current
- Efficiency, Temperature & Noise
- Protection Features
- Cross-Load Tests & Infrared Images
- Transient Response Tests
- Ripple Measurements
- EMC Pre-Compliance Testing
- Performance, Value, Noise & Efficiency
- Final Analysis